Salat before Zawal on Friday

Amongst the propriety of Fridays is to arrive at the mosque as early as possible for the Friday service. Upon entering the mosque, one should perform the recommended prayer of Greeting the Mosque [tahiyyat al-masjid].

Then, if there is adequate time before meridian [zawal], one should aim to perform the following prayer mentioned by Sayyiduna al-Shaikh Muhyuddin Abdul Qadir al-Jilani in his al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq:

As soon as the worshipper enters the congregational mosque [jami’], he is recommended—provided there is time to spare—to perform four cycles of [voluntary] ritual prayer [raka’at], in the course of which he should recite “Qul huwa Llahu Ahad!” (i.e. Surah al-Ikhlas) two hundred times (that is to say, fifty times in each cycle).

This practice is recommended on good authority, because the Prophet ﷺ is reported as having said:

‘If someone does this, he will not die without having seen his place of abode in the Garden of Paradise, or having been absolved [of all sin].

This saying was reported by Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be well pleased with him and his father).

—Al-Jilani, A. (1997). The Ritual Prayer of the Friday Congregation. In: Holland, M (Trans.) Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq (Volume Four). Florida: Al-Baz Publishing, Inc.

Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali, in Book IV of his Ihya Ulum al-Din, also mentions this prayer as one of the “Good Deeds on Friday”:

To bless the Prophet ﷺ when entering the mosque, and not to sit until having prayed four rak’ahs, reciting Surah al-Ikhlas fifty times in each rak’ah. The Prophet ﷺ said that whoever prays such will not die until he is shown his place in Paradise.

—Al-Ghazali, A. (2015). The Excellence of the Friday Prayer. In: Karim, F (Trans.) Ihya Ulum al-Din (Volume I). Selangor: Islamic Book Trust.

Regarding Virtuous Deeds

Imam al-Nawawi states in his al-Adhkar:

And he whom anything from the virtues of deeds reaches him should perform them, even though only once (in his lifetime) and even if the narration is weak.

In a narration recorded by Al-Hafiz Abu Musa Muhammad b. Bakr b. ‘Isa al-Madani in his book al-Waza’if, on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah:

Whoever, a deed of virtue reaches him from Allah and he acts upon it out of faith and hope in reward, Allah will bestow that upon him, even though it was not like what he thought!

And Allah knows best and He is the Guide!

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Wird Sahib al-Khalwa

Sahib al-Khalwa (صاحب الخلوة) and Khalwat Nayagam (ஃகல்வத் நாயகம்) are the epithets of the celebrated South Indian Arabic scholar and ascetic Gnostic, Sayyid Abdul Qadir b. Sayyid Muhammad al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi (qaddasa sirrahu – d. 1912). He was the esteemed elder son of our Grand-Shaikh, Imam al-‘Arus (qaddasa sirrahu). Both father and son are buried side-by-side at the Arusiyya Tekke in Kilakkarai.

Sahib al-Khalwa renounced worldly pursuits at a relatively early age. He immersed himself completely in the spiritual domain by spending 33 years in seclusion [khalwa] in 3 locations. The result of this was the inspired composition of poetical and prose works on advanced spirituality. These have been compiled and published under the title: “Ulum ad-Din“.

Amongst his legacy is the following seemingly simple but spiritually powerful wird or “litany”. There is a general ijaza or “permission” for its recital by all. To commemorate his passing on 22 Shawwal, we are honoured to release this ornamented presentation of the Wird and accompanying Du’a, together with an English translation.

Success is from Allah and He is the Guide.

Arabic Text

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحٖيْمِ

اَلْفَاتِحَةُ اِلٰى حَضْرَةِ حَبِيْبِ الْمُصْطَفٰى وَاَحْمَدَ الْمُقْطَفٰى وَمُحَمَّدٍ الْمُجْتَبٰى ﷺ وَعَلٰى اٰلِهِ وَاَصْحَابِهِ وَاَتْبَاعِهِ وَقَرَابَتِهِ وَالْاَوْلِيَآءِ وَالصِّدِّيْقِيْنَ وَالشُّهَدَآءِ وَالصَّالِحِيْنَ والْعُلَمَآءِ الْعَامِلِيْنَ ،ثُمَّ الْاِخْلَاصِ ؀۳ وَالْمُعَوِّذَتَيْنِ وَاٰيَةُ الْكُرْسِى

  • بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ عَلٰى نَفْسِىْ وَدِيْنِىْ وَاَهْلِىْ وَمَالِىْ ؀١٠٠
  • اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الْعَظِيْمِ ؀١٠٠
  • اِنَّا لِلّٰهِ وَاِنَّ اِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُوْنَ ؀١٠٠
  • لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّٰهِ الْعَلِىِّ الْعَظِيْمِ ؀١٠٠
  • حَسْبُنَا اللهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيْلُ ؀١٠٠
  • سُبْحَانَ الله ؀١٠٠
  • اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰه ؀١٠٠
  • اَللهُ اَڪْبَرُ ؀١٠٠
  • لَا اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللهُ ؀١٠٠
  • اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّاٰلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ، عَدَدَ مَافِى عِلْمِ اللّٰهِ، صَلَاةً دَائِمَةً بِدَوَامِ مُلْكِ اللّٰهِ، ؀١٠٠

(الدُّعَاءُ) اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعٰلمِيْنَ، حَمْدًا يُّوَافِىْ نِعَمَهُ وَيُكَافِىْ مَزِيْدَهُ، يَا رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ كَمَا يَنْبَغِىْ لِجَلَالِ وَجْهِكَ وَلِعَظِيْمِ سُلْطَانِكَ، اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا وَمَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى اٰلِهِ وَاَصْحَابِهِ وَعَلٰى جَمِيْعِ الْاَنْبِيَاءِ وَالْمُرْسَلِيْنَ، وَعَلٰى جِبْرِيْلَ وَمِيْكَائِيْلَ وَاِسْرَافِيْلَ وَمَلَكِ الْمَوْتِ وَحَمَلَةِ الْعَرْشِ وَعَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ اَجْمَعِيْنَ وَعَلَى الْاَوْلِيَآءِ وَالْصَّالِحِيْنَ وَعَلٰى جَمِيْعِ عِبَادِكَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ فِىْ كُلِّ لَمْحَةٍ وَنَفَسٍ عَدَدَ مَاوَسِعَهُ عِلْمُكَ، اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّى اَسْئَلُكَ اِيْمَنًا يُبَاشِرُ قَلْبِىْ، اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِى مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ الْمُخْلِصِيْنَ، اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِىْ عِلْمَ التَّوْحِيْدِ وَعَمَلَ الْاِخْلَاصِ وَحُسْنَ الْخَاطِمَة، اَللّٰهُمَّ نَوِّرْ قَلْبِىْ بِنُوْرِ مَعْرِفَتِكَ يَا الله يَا الله يا الله، اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِىْ حُبَّكَ وَحُبَّ مَنْ يُحِبُّكَ وَحُبَّ مَا يُقَرِّبُنِىْ اِلٰى حُبِّكَ وَاجْعَلْ حُبَّكَ اَحَبَّ اِلَيَّ مِنَ الْمَاءِ الْبَرْدِ، اَللّٰهُمَّ لَا تَجْعَلَ الدُّنْيَا اَكْبَرَ هَمِّنَا وَلَا تَجْعَلْ مُصِيْبَتَنَا فِىْ دِيْنِنَا، اَللّٰهُمَّ زَهِّدْنَا فِى الدُّنْيَا، اَللّٰهُمَّ اَرِنَا الدُّنْيَا كَمَا اَرَيْتَهَا الصَّالِحِيْنَ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ، ﴿رَبَّنَا اٰتِنَا مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً وَهَيِّءْ لَنَا مِنْ اَمْرِنَا رَشَدًا﴾ وَصَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلٰى سَیِّدِنَا وَمَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدِنِ الَّذِىْ اَرْسَلْتَهُ بِالْحَقِّ بَشِیْرًا وَّنَذِیْرًا، وَعَلٰى اٰلِهٖ واَصْحَابِهِ الَّذِیْنَ طَھَّرْتَھُمْ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ تَطْھِیْرًا، وَسَلَّـمَ تَسْلِیْمًا كَثِیْرًا طَیِّبًا مُبَارَكًا كَافِیًا جَزِیْلًا جَمِیْلًا دَائِمًا بِدَوَامِ مُلْكِ اللّٰهِ، وَبِقُدْرَتِ عَظَمَةِ ذَاتِكَ، یَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِیْنَ، ﴿سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُوْنَ، وَسَلَامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِيْنَ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ ﴾

English Translation

In the Name of Allah
the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate

Al-Fatiha to the noble presence of the Chosen Beloved ﷺ and upon the (souls) of his kin and kith, the Saints, the truthful, the martyrs, the veracious, and the scholars.

(Then al-Ikhlāṣ (thrice), al-Falaq, an-Nāss, and ayat al-kursī)

Wird – Litany

  • 100 times “In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate upon my self, my religion, my family and my property!”
  • 100 times “I seek forgiveness from Allāh, the incomparably Great!”
  • 100 times “We surely belong to Allah and to Him we will return!”
  • 100 times “There is no strength or power, except with Allāh—the Most High, the Supreme in Glory!”
  • 100 times “Allāh is sufficient for us and He is the best trustee of affairs.”
  • 100 times “Glory be to Allah!”
  • 100 times “Praise be to Allah!”
  • 100 times “Allah is Greater!”
  • 100 times “There is none worthy of worship but Allah!”
  • 100 times “O Allāh, whelm blessings and peace on our liege Muḥammad r, his family and companions, in the number that is in Your Knowledge, such blessings as may continue forever eternal as Your Kingdom.”

Du’a – Supplication

Praise be to Allāh, Lord of the Worlds, in the measure of His blessings and commensurate with His increase of them. Our Lord, all praise belongs to You as much as befits Your Glory and Sublime Majesty. O Allāh, whelm salutations, peace, and blessings upon our liege and patron Muhammad ﷺ and his kith and kin , and all the Prophets and Messengers, and upon Gabriel, Michael, Raphael, the Angel of Death, and the bearers of the Throne, and upon all the Angels, and upon the intimate friends and the righteous, and upon all Your believing slaves s in every glance and in every breath, as many times as all the things contained in Your Knowledge.

O Allah, I seek from You [deep] faith that will saturate my heart; [true] conviction that will make me realise that naught can befall me except what You have decreed for me; and that I may find contentment in whatever You have given me. O Allah, make me of those who are sincere, believing and submitting. O Allah, enrich me with knowledge of Oneness; sincere deeds; and a goodly end. O Allah, illuminate my heart with the light of Gnosis, O Allah! O Allah! O Allah!

O Allah, grant me Your Love; the love of those who love You; the love of that which brings me proximity to Your Love; and make Your Love dearer to me than myself, my family and cold water [in scorching heat]. O Allah, do not make this world our greatest concern and do not make our affliction in our religion. O Allah, make us ascetics in this world. O Allah, show me [the reality of] this world just as You showed the pious of Your worshipful servants. Our Lord, bestow on us Mercy from Yourself, and dispose of our affairs for us in the best way!

May Allāh bless our liege and patron, Muḥammad ﷺ, whom You have sent with the Truth, as a bearer of glad tidings and a Warner, and may He bless his family and his companions, who You have purified by ridding them of all contamination. May He also grant them peace —abundant, pleasant, blessed, sufficient, plentiful, beautiful, everlasting in the eternity of Allāh’s sovereignty, and in keeping with the mighty splendour of His Essence. O Quintessence of Mercy! Exalted is your Lord, the Lord of Might, far beyond their descriptions of Him. And peace be upon the Messengers. And praise be to Allāh, Lord of (all) the Worlds. (3 times)

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Adhkar after the Friday Prayers

After completing the Friday prayer [salat al jumu’a], there are some specific adhkar recommended to be performed before leaving the mosque. For ease of access, we are listing them below:

1. For Protection

After pronouncing the Salam at the end of the Friday prayer, before unfolding one’s legs or engaging in any worldly conversation, recite the following Qur’anic chapters 7 times each:

  1. 7 x Surah al-Fatiha (Chapter 1 – The Opening)
  2. 7 x Surah al-Ikhlas (Chapter 112 – The Sincerity)
  3. 7 x Surah al-Falaq (Chapter 113 – The Daybreak)
  4. 7 x Surah al-Nass (Chapter 114 – The Mankind)

More information here.

2. For Sustenance

Following the above, recite 70 times:

اللهم يا غني يا حميد، يا مبدئ يا معيد، يا رحيم يا ودود،
اغنني بفضلك عمن سواك، وبحلالك عن حرامك

Allāhumma  Yā Ghaniyyu Yā Hamīd, Yā Mubdiʾ Yā Muʿīd, Yā Rahīm Yā Wadūd, Ighnini bi-Fadhlika ʿAmman Siwāk wa bi-halālika ʿan Harāmik

O Allah! O Self-Sufficing One! O Praiseworthy One! O Initiator! O Restorer! O Compassionate One! O Ever-Loving One! Make me independent, by Your Grace, from everyone apart from You. And (Suffice me) by Your lawful sustenance, whilst excluding that which is unlawful in Your sight.

More information here.

3. For Forgiveness

Then recite the following 100 times:

سبحان الله العظيم وبحمده

SubhānAllāhiʾl-ʿAzīm wa bi-Hamdih

Transcendent is Allah, the Supreme, and His is the Praise

More information here.

4. For a Goodly End

Then the following 5 times:

إلٰهي لَسْتُ لِلْفِرْدَوْسِ أهْلاً * وَلا أقْوٰى عَلٰى نَارِ الجَحِيمِ
فَهَبْ لي تَوبَةً، وَاغْفِرْ ذُنُوبي * فَإنَّكَ غَافِرُ الذَّنْبِ الْعَظِيْمِ

Ilāhi Lastu lil-Firdawsi Ahlan
wa Lā Aqwā ‘alā Nārʾl-Jahīm
fa-Hab Lī Tawbatan wa-ghfir Dhunūbī
fa-Innaka Ghāfir udh-Dhanbil-ʿAzīm

O Allah, I am not worthy of being an inhabitant of Firdaws
and I cannot bear the Fire of Hell.
So grant me a repentance and forgive my sins
as You are the forgiver of a major sin.

More information here.

5. For Bounteous Grace

Upon reciting the above and completing the supererogatory prayers, whilst leaving the Mosque, stand at the door and recite once:

اللهم أجبت دعوتك، وصليت فريضتك، وانتشرت كما أمرتني، فارزقني من فضلك وأنت خير الرازقين

Allāhumma Ajibtu Daʿwatik, wa Sallaytu Farīdatik, wan-tashartu kamā Amartanī, far-zuqnī min Fadhlika wa anta Khayr ur-Rāziqīn

O Allah, I have answered Your call, prayed Your obligation and have spread in the land as You have commanded me to do so. So grant me from Your bounty and You are the best of providers.

:وقد قلت وقولك الحق
يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا نودي للصلاة من يوم الجمعة فاسعوا إلى ذكر الله وذروا البيع، ذلكم خير لكم إن كنتم تعلمون
فإذا قضيت الصلاة فانتشروا في الأرض وابتغوا من فضل الله، واذكروا الله كثيرا لعلكم تفلحون

You said and Your Speech is the Truth: “O you who believe! when the call is made for prayer on Friday, then hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave off trading; that is better for you, if you know. And when the prayer has concluded, then disperse within the land and seek of Allah’s grace, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful” (al-Jumuʿah: 9-10).

More information here.

Success is from Allah, and He is the Guide.

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The Blessed Basmala

مُتَعَوِّذًا مُّبَسْمِلًا مُّحَمْدِلًا مُّصَلِّيًا مُّسَلِّمًا
اَللّٰهُمَّ رَبَّنَا اٰتِنَا سَعَادَةَ الدَّارَيْنِ
اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْڪُمْ  وَرَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَبَرَڪَاتُهُ

The Blessed Basmala

Seeking a healing cure by means of Basmala, the pure

The significance and power of the Basmala Sharīfa is too immense to be elucidated in mere words. For our purpose and intent, the following will suffice:

Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ was asked about the Basmala and he replied: “A name from the names of Allāh; between it and the great Ism al-A’zam (the Supreme Name), there is nothing more than that which is between the white and black portions of the human eye.”[1]

It is related that Imām ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib (Allah be pleased with him) said: “Bismi Llāh is healing from every illness and protection against every disease, Ar-Rahmān is a help for everyone who believes in Him. It is a name not used for anyone else. Ar-Rahīm is for those who repent, believe and perform righteous actions.”[2]

The King of Rome, Qaiṣar, wrote to ‘Umar b. al-Khattāb and mentioned that he has a migraine which the doctors have been incapable of curing. He inquired, “Does the Amīru-l Mu’minīn (commander of the believers) have a cure for it?” He (‘Umar b. al-Khattāb) wrote (بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ) ‘In the name of Allāh, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate’ on a piece of paper and sent it to Qaisar asking him to place it in his headgear. Qaisar put it in the headgear and whenever he wore the headgear the migraine would stop, and when the headgear fell off, the migraine would return.[3]

Sheikh Ismā’īl Haqqī Bursawī r, in his commentary of the Basmala, writes: “All knowledge that Allāh bestowed upon humanity is found in the four Books (i.e. az-Zabūr, at-Tawrāt, al-Injīl, and al-Furqān). All the knowledge in them are in the Qur’ān. All the knowledge in the Qur’ān is in the Fātiha. All the knowledge in the Fātiha is in the Basmala. And Allāh has gathered all the knowledge in the (letter) ba in bismi Llāhi-r Rahmāni-r Rahīm.”[4]

The Bismillah Majlis

With the above prelude, we present a panacea prescribed by Shaikhuna Thaika Shuaib Siddiqi using the Basmala Sharīfa. He says:

If one is afflicted with an incurable disease, or a critical illness, or is in a grave condition after an accident, a group of you should gather and recite the complete Basmala (i.e. bismi Llāhi-r Rahmāni-r Rahīm25,000 times in a single sitting, with the intention of bringing about a cure and relief, by Allāh’s leave.

Know with certainty that this is a tried and tested method. If Allāh has willed a cure, it will arrive swiftly. And if He e has willed otherwise, the afflicted person will pass on with minimal suffering. Both outcomes are from His Divine Grace and Mercy. To Him is all praise and thanks.

People who gather for such a purpose should be steadfast in performing the obligatory 5-time daily prayers. Ladies, including those having their menses, can participate in the recital so long as male-female propriety is maintained.

What follows are suggested pre- and post- Basmala Sharīfa recitals for such a “Bismillah Majlis“, followed by a comprehensive supplication [du’a] invoking Allāh for His cure and healing for the afflicted person by means of the Basmala Sharīfa and the Prophet ﷺ.

Success is from Allāh, eminent is His Glory. May Allāh bless our liege Muhammad ﷺ, his pure family and noble companions, and give them peace. Praise and thanks be to Allāh, Lord of all the Worlds.

Bismillah Majlis Recitals

Notes

[1] Musnad Ibn ʿAbbās in al-Jāmiʿ al-Kabīr, Vol. 2 p. 474.

[2] Tafsir al-Qurtubi, p. 91.

[3] Story mentioned in Khazīnat al-Asrār, p. 93.

[4] Tafsīr Rūḥ al-Bayān.

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Ziyarah

bismi Llah wa-l hamdu li-Llah,
wa-s salatu wa-s salamu ‘ala rasuli Llah,
wa ‘ala alihi wa sahbihi wa man wala, wa ba’d:

Ziyārah or Ziyarat lexically means “visitation”, and is used to refer to travel to sacred and significant sites associated with Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, the righteous, and even the general Muslims. It is a term that is increasingly shunned by Sunni Muslims and almost exclusively associated with the Shi’a Muslims.

Ziyarah to Islamic sites of historical significance does not create a massive hue and cry. But ziyarat al-qubur or “visiting the graves”—especially ziyarat al-salihin (visiting [the graves of] the righteous) and even ziyarat al-nabi ﷺ (visiting [the tomb of] the Prophet ﷺ)—has become an uncalled for bone of contention in some quarters of Sunni Muslims.

The main reason for this state of affairs is the promulgation of misguided, petro-dollar funded literature that has caused much confusion and division in Sunni Muslim communities around the world; in some cases, even leading to breaking up of families and worse, anathematising of Muslims.

One of the forgotten Sunnah is thinking well of the believers and making excuses for them. Before accusing Muslims of shirk and labelling them as “grave worshippers” or, worse, doing takfir of believers due to their outward actions, we will all do well to remember the following Prophetic narrations and saintly utterances and take heed:

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ بْنُ أَبِي ضَمْرَةَ، نَصْرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ الْحِمْصِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي قَيْسٍ النَّصْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَطُوفُ بِالْكَعْبَةِ وَيَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَا أَطْيَبَكِ وَأَطْيَبَ رِيحَكِ مَا أَعْظَمَكِ وَأَعْظَمَ حُرْمَتَكِ وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَحُرْمَةُ الْمُؤْمِنِ أَعْظَمُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ حُرْمَةً مِنْكِ مَالِهِ وَدَمِهِ وَأَنْ نَظُنَّ بِهِ إِلاَّ خَيْرًا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated that ʿAbdullah bin ʿAmr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I saw the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) circumambulating the Ka’ba and saying: ‘How good you are and how good your fragrance; how great you are and how great your sanctity. By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, the sanctity of the believer is greater before Allah than your sanctity, his blood and his wealth, and to think anything but good of him.’”

وَحَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى التَّمِيمِيُّ، وَيَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، قَالَ يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ ابْنَ عُمَرَ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ أَيُّمَا امْرِئٍ قَالَ لأَخِيهِ يَا كَافِرُ ‏.‏ فَقَدْ بَاءَ بِهَا أَحَدُهُمَا إِنْ كَانَ كَمَا قَالَ وَإِلاَّ رَجَعَتْ عَلَيْهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Ibn ʿUmar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Any person who calls his brother: ‘O unbeliever!’ (then the truth of this label) would return to one of them. If it is true, (then it is) as he asserted, (but if it is not true), then it returns to him (and thus the person who made the accusation is an Unbeliever)!

Imam al-Bayhaqi (may Allah have mercy upon him) in his “Shu’ab al-Iman” (7.522) records: “If a friend amongst your friends errs, make seventy excuses for them. If your hearts are unable to do this, then know that the shortcoming is in your own selves.”

Imam Abu Hanifa (Allah have mercy upon him) said: “If a man’s faith can be divided into 100 parts, and if 99 of them are corrupted and false, and even one is sound and whole, then we look at that sound part first, disregard the other 99 parts, and consider him as a believer.

Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Munazil (may Allah have mercy upon him), of the early Muslims, said, “The believer seeks excuses for their brethren, while the hypocrite seeks out the faults of their brethren.” [al-Sulami, ʿAdab al-Suhba]

Articles on Ziyarah al-Qubur

A small but vocal group of methodologically-challenged Muslims in Singapore are fanatically propagating minority opinions and rejected edicts [fatawa] on this subject via social media and mobile messaging apps.

To curb this worrisome trend and to address some of the issues raised by the these self-styled purveyors of Qur’an and Sunnah, we have put together 3 work-in-progress articles in the hope that it will bring some solace and clarity to proponents and opponents respectively of ziyarat al-qubur

The articles can be accessed from here:

  1. Ziyarat al-Qubur – Visiting the Graves
  2. Ziyarat al-Salihin – Visiting the Righteous
  3. Ziyarat al-Nabi  – Visiting the Prophet ﷺ

After reading the above, it is our prayer that readers will realise the following about Ziyarah:

  • It is a valid act that is firmly rooted in the Islamic tradition.
  • It is a non-obligatory fiqh matter that should not be a cause of division.
  • It should not be used to accuse Muslims of shirk or proclaim takfir of believers.

We ask Allah for tawfiq and taysir in our efforts. All good is from Him and Him alone. Mistakes are ours to rectify and answer for. May this find His acceptance and be a means to attain His pleasure and nearness.

wa salla Llahu ‘ala sayyidina Muhammadin wa ‘ala
alihi wa sahbihi wa barik wa sallam. subhana rabbika rabbi-l ‘izzati
‘amma yasifun, wa salamun ‘ala-l mursalin, wa-l hamdu li-llahi rabbi-l ‘alamin!

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