Salat Yawm al-‘Arafa

Sayyiduna-sh Shaikh Abdul Qadir al-Jilani (qaddasa sirrahu) informs us of the following 2 ritual prayers for the day of ‘Arafa in his al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq:

Prayer 1 – Complete Forgiveness

If someone performs two voluntary cycles [rak’atain] of ritual prayer [salat] on the Day of ‘Arafa—reciting in each cycle [rak’a]:

  • the Opening Surah of the Book [Fatihat al-Kitab]—3 times, beginning each time with: “bismi Llahi r-rahmani r-rahim” and concluding with Amin!
  • Surah that begins: “qul ya ayyuha l-kafirun“—3 times
  • Surah that begins: “qul Huwa Llahu Ahad“—1 times

—Allah (Exalted is He) will surely say [to the angels]: “Bear witness that I have granted him forgiveness for his sins.”

Prayer 2 – Unfathomable Bounties

If someone performs four voluntary cycles [raka’at] of ritual prayer [salat] on the Day of ‘Arafa, between [the prescribed prayers of] noon [zuhr] and afternoon [‘asr]—reciting in each cycle [rak’a]:

  • the Opening Surah of the Book [Fatihat al-Kitab]—1 time
  • Surah that begins: “qul Huwa Llahu Ahad“—50 times

—one million good deeds will be recorded in his credit column. For every letter in the Qur’an, he will be promoted by one level in the Garden of Paradise, the distance between each level and the next being a journey of fifty years.

When he is laid in his grave, he [the person who performs this ritual prayer] will have a light shining for him, for every letter of the Qur’an, so that he can see the pilgrims circumambulating around the House, and one of the gates of the Garden of Paradise will be opened up for him. At that point he will say: “My Lord, let the Final Hour begin! My Lord, let the Final Hour begin!”—because of all the reward and honour he can see. (note: we have mentioned only 3 of the rewards for this prayer from the lengthy narration)

Source for both the above prayers: —Al-Jilani, A. (1997). Concerning the preference accorded to keeping fast on the Day of ‘Arafa, traditional reports regarding the ritual prayers to be performed thereon, and the kinds of invocations prescribed for it. In: Holland, M (Trans.) Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq (Volume Four). Florida: Al-Baz Publishing, Inc. pg 222-224.

Addendum: Regarding Virtuous Deeds

Imam al-Nawawi states in his al-Adhkar:

And he whom anything from the virtues of deeds reaches him should perform them, even though only once (in his lifetime) and even if the narration is weak.

In a narration recorded by Al-Hafiz Abu Musa Muhammad b. Bakr b. ‘Isa al-Madani in his book al-Waza’if, on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah:

Whoever, a deed of virtue reaches him from Allah and he acts upon it out of faith and hope in reward, Allah will bestow that upon him, even though it was not like what he thought!

And Allah is the Guide!

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Eid Takbir

It is a recommended [mandub] propriety of the two Festivals [‘Eidain] to extol loudly the Greatness of God [takbir]. The time for the takbir is as follows:

  • Eid al-Fitr
    After sunset on the night of Eid (i.e. from Maghrib of 1st Shawwal) till the commencement of the ‘Eid prayer the following morning.
  • Eid al-Adha
    After every prayer [salat] from the optional [sunnah] morning prayer [salatu-l Fajr] on the Day of ‘Arafat (i.e. 9th of Dhu-l Hijjah) until and including the mid-afternoon prayer (salatu-l ‘Asr) on the 13th of Dhu-l-Hijjah.

The nights of Eid (i.e. 1st Shawwal and 10th Dhu-l Hijjah) should especially be enlivened with takbir from sunset until the Eid prayer the following morning. On these nights only the takbir is not limited to being read after the prayer, but rather it should be read at all times in houses, mosques and even the streets (without causing disturbance).

Like all acts of worship, the takbir should be read “experientially” with hearts filled with awe of the greatness of Allah, Most High. Mere repetition without internalising the meaning of the takbir will be a wasted affair.

Eid Takbir

اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبر , لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

Allāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbar. Lā ilāha illa-Llāhu wa-Llāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbaru wa li-Llāhi-l Hamd.

Allah is greater. Allah is greater. Allah is greater. There is no god but Allah and Allah is greater. Allah is greater and to Allah is all Praise.

الله أكبرُ كَبيرا والحمدُ لله كثيرا وسُبْحانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وأَصيلاَ ، لا إله إلا الله ولا نَعْبُدُ إلا إِيَّاهُ مُخْلِصِين لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الكافِرون ، لا إله إلا الله وَحْدَه صَدَقَ وَعْدَه ونَصَرَ عَبْدَه وأَعَزَّ جُنْدَه وهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَه ، لا إله إلا الله واللهُ أكبرْ اللهُ أكبر ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

Allāhu Akbaru kabīran. Wa-l Hamdu li-Llāhi kathīran. Wa Subhāna-Llāhi bukratan wa asīlan. Lā ilāha illa-Llāh. Wa lā na’budu illā iyyāhu mukhlisīna lahu-d Dīna wa law kariha-l Kāfirūn. Lā ilāha illa-Llāhu wahdah. Sadaqa wa’dah. Wa Nasara ‘abdah. Wa A’azza jundah. Wa Hazama-l Ahzāba wahdah. Lā ilāha illa-Llāhu wa-Llāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbaru wa li-Llāhi-l Hamd.

Allah is ever greatest. Much praise be to Allah. Glory be to Allah morning and evening. There is no god but Allah. Him alone we worship making our worship sincerely His though the unbelievers be averse. There is no god but Allah alone. He fulfilled His promise, gave victory to His slave, strengthened His army, and vanquished the Confederates alone. There is no god but Allah and Allah is greater. Allah is greater and to Allah is all Praise.

The scholars say that whenever it is recommended to remember Allah it is also recommended to mention His beloved Messenger, Allah bless him and give him peace. Had it not been for him there would be no Ramadan, `Arafat or Eid or Takbir. For this reason we should add, in honour of our Messenger, his Companions, wives and progeny (Allah bless them and give them peace):

Eid Salawat

اللهُمَّ صلِّ على سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى آلِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى أَصْحابِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى أَنْصَارِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى أَزْواجِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى ذُرِّيِّةِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وسلِّمْ تَسْليماً كثيراً

Allāhumma salli ‘alā Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Āli Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Ashābi Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Ansāri Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Azwāji Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Dhurriyati Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa sallama taslīman kathīra.

O Allah, send Your blessings upon our master Muhammad, and upon the family of our master Muhammad, and upon the companions of our master Muhammad, and upon the helpers of our master Muhammad, and upon the wives of our master Muhammad, and upon the progeny of our master Muhammad, and grant abundant peace.

And Allah is the Guide.

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Salat for the Night of Eid al-Adha

The nights of the 2 Festivals [‘Eidain i.e. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha] are 2 of the 14 nights in which it is particularly commendable to keep vigil in order to enliven the night [ihya al-layl] with religious service, worship, adoration and devotion.

Imam Ibn Majah in his Sunan narrates the following narration from Abu Umamah (radiya Llahu anhu), who said:

“The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘Whoever revives the night of both Eids [i.e. performs prayer and worship] seeking the reward of Allah, his heart will not die on the day when hearts die.’”

Imam al-Tabarani in al-Kabir and al-Awsat narrates the following narration from ‘Ubadah ibn al-Samit (radiya Llahu anhu), who said:

“The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Whoever spends the night of (Eid) al-Fitr and the night of (Eid) al-Adha in prayer, his heart will not die on the day when hearts will die.’”

Imam al-Nawawi states in his Adhkar:

“Know that it is praiseworthy [mustahab] to spend the nights preceding the Eids in remembrance [dhikr] of Allah, prayer [salah] and other acts of obedience, because of the Hadiths in this regard.

The scholars disagree about the amount by which spending the night in worship is accomplished. What is more apparently correct is that it has to be done for most of the night. Others say that it is accomplished by even one hour [of worship].”

Laylat Eid al-Adha

As for the night of the festival of Sacrifice [laylat eid al-adha], its sanctity is established as “the night as it departs” [wa ‘l-layli idha yasr] and as the last of the “ten special nights” [wa layalin ‘ashr] at the beginning of the month of Dhu-l Hijjah. Allah takes an oath in the Qur’an:

“By the emerging dawn (of the Day of Sacrifice), by the ten nights (before the Day of Sacrifice), by the even and the odd, and by the night (of Sacrifice) when it travels. Is there, in that, an oath for thinking man?” —The Koran 89:1-5

To commemorate such a momentous and virtuous night, Sayyiduna-sh Shaikh Abdul Qadir al-Jilani (qaddasa sirrahu) narrates the following ritual prayer [salat] in his al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq.

» Salat Laylat al-Adha

Concerning the Ritual Prayer of the Night of Sacrifice
[salat Laylat al-Adha]

Excerpted from al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq
© 1997. Al-Baz Publishing, Inc.

In the ritual prayer of the Night of Sacrifice [salat Laylat al-Adha], the worshipper must perform two cycles of prayer [rak’atain], reciting in each cycle:

  • the Opening Surah of the Book [Fatihat al-Kitab]—15 times
  • Surah that begins: “qul Huwa Llahu Ahad“—15 times
  • Surah that begins: “qul a’udhu bi-Rabbi ‘l-falaq“—15 times
  • Surah that begins: “qu a’udhu bi-Rabbi ‘n-nas“—15 times

When he has pronounced the salutation [at the conclusion of the prayer], he should:

  • recite the verse of the Throne [ayat al-kursi]—3 times
  • seek forgiveness of Allah—15 times
  • appeal for whatever he wishes from the good of this world and the hereafter.

Regarding Virtuous Deeds

Imam al-Nawawi states in his al-Adhkar:

And he whom anything from the virtues of deeds reaches him should perform them, even though only once (in his lifetime) and even if the narration is weak.

In a narration recorded by Al-Hafiz Abu Musa Muhammad b. Bakr b. ‘Isa al-Madani in his book al-Waza’if, on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah:

Whoever, a deed of virtue reaches him from Allah and he acts upon it out of faith and hope in reward, Allah will bestow that upon him, even though it was not like what he thought!

And Allah is the Guide!

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Salat before Zawal on Friday

Amongst the propriety of Fridays is to arrive at the mosque as early as possible for the Friday service. Upon entering the mosque, one should perform the recommended prayer of Greeting the Mosque [tahiyyat al-masjid].

Then, if there is adequate time before meridian [zawal], one should aim to perform the following prayer mentioned by Sayyiduna al-Shaikh Muhyuddin Abdul Qadir al-Jilani in his al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq:

As soon as the worshipper enters the congregational mosque [jami’], he is recommended—provided there is time to spare—to perform four cycles of [voluntary] ritual prayer [raka’at], in the course of which he should recite “Qul huwa Llahu Ahad!” (i.e. Surah al-Ikhlas) two hundred times (that is to say, fifty times in each cycle).

This practice is recommended on good authority, because the Prophet ﷺ is reported as having said:

‘If someone does this, he will not die without having seen his place of abode in the Garden of Paradise, or having been absolved [of all sin].

This saying was reported by Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be well pleased with him and his father).

—Al-Jilani, A. (1997). The Ritual Prayer of the Friday Congregation. In: Holland, M (Trans.) Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq (Volume Four). Florida: Al-Baz Publishing, Inc.

Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali, in Book IV of his Ihya Ulum al-Din, also mentions this prayer as one of the “Good Deeds on Friday”:

To bless the Prophet ﷺ when entering the mosque, and not to sit until having prayed four rak’ahs, reciting Surah al-Ikhlas fifty times in each rak’ah. The Prophet ﷺ said that whoever prays such will not die until he is shown his place in Paradise.

—Al-Ghazali, A. (2015). The Excellence of the Friday Prayer. In: Karim, F (Trans.) Ihya Ulum al-Din (Volume I). Selangor: Islamic Book Trust.

Addedum: Regarding Virtuous Deeds

Imam al-Nawawi states in his al-Adhkar:

And he whom anything from the virtues of deeds reaches him should perform them, even though only once (in his lifetime) and even if the narration is weak.

In a narration recorded by Al-Hafiz Abu Musa Muhammad b. Bakr b. ‘Isa al-Madani in his book al-Waza’if, on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah:

Whoever, a deed of virtue reaches him from Allah and he acts upon it out of faith and hope in reward, Allah will bestow that upon him, even though it was not like what he thought!

And Allah knows best and He is the Guide!

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Wird Sahib al-Khalwa

Sahib al-Khalwa (صاحب الخلوة) and Khalwat Nayagam (ஃகல்வத் நாயகம்) are the epithets of the celebrated South Indian Arabic scholar and ascetic Gnostic, Sayyid Abdul Qadir b. Sayyid Muhammad al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi (qaddasa sirrahu – d. 1912). He was the esteemed elder son of our Grand-Shaikh, Imam al-‘Arus (qaddasa sirrahu). Both father and son are buried side-by-side at the Arusiyya Tekke in Kilakkarai.

Sahib al-Khalwa renounced worldly pursuits at a relatively early age. He immersed himself completely in the spiritual domain by spending 33 years in seclusion [khalwa] in 3 locations. The result of this was the inspired composition of poetical and prose works on advanced spirituality. These have been compiled and published under the title: “Ulum ad-Din“.

Amongst his legacy is the following seemingly simple but spiritually powerful wird or “litany”. There is a general ijaza or “permission” for its recital by all. To commemorate his passing on 22 Shawwal, we are honoured to release this ornamented presentation of the Wird and accompanying Du’a, together with an English translation.

Success is from Allah and He is the Guide.

Arabic Text

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحٖيْمِ

اَلْفَاتِحَةُ اِلٰى حَضْرَةِ حَبِيْبِ الْمُصْطَفٰى وَاَحْمَدَ الْمُقْطَفٰى وَمُحَمَّدٍ الْمُجْتَبٰى ﷺ وَعَلٰى اٰلِهِ وَاَصْحَابِهِ وَاَتْبَاعِهِ وَقَرَابَتِهِ وَالْاَوْلِيَآءِ وَالصِّدِّيْقِيْنَ وَالشُّهَدَآءِ وَالصَّالِحِيْنَ والْعُلَمَآءِ الْعَامِلِيْنَ ،ثُمَّ الْاِخْلَاصِ ؀۳ وَالْمُعَوِّذَتَيْنِ وَاٰيَةُ الْكُرْسِى

  • بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ عَلٰى نَفْسِىْ وَدِيْنِىْ وَاَهْلِىْ وَمَالِىْ ؀١٠٠
  • اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الْعَظِيْمِ ؀١٠٠
  • اِنَّا لِلّٰهِ وَاِنَّ اِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُوْنَ ؀١٠٠
  • لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّٰهِ الْعَلِىِّ الْعَظِيْمِ ؀١٠٠
  • حَسْبُنَا اللهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيْلُ ؀١٠٠
  • سُبْحَانَ الله ؀١٠٠
  • اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰه ؀١٠٠
  • اَللهُ اَڪْبَرُ ؀١٠٠
  • لَا اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللهُ ؀١٠٠
  • اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّاٰلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ، عَدَدَ مَافِى عِلْمِ اللّٰهِ، صَلَاةً دَائِمَةً بِدَوَامِ مُلْكِ اللّٰهِ، ؀١٠٠

(الدُّعَاءُ) اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعٰلمِيْنَ، حَمْدًا يُّوَافِىْ نِعَمَهُ وَيُكَافِىْ مَزِيْدَهُ، يَا رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ كَمَا يَنْبَغِىْ لِجَلَالِ وَجْهِكَ وَلِعَظِيْمِ سُلْطَانِكَ، اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا وَمَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى اٰلِهِ وَاَصْحَابِهِ وَعَلٰى جَمِيْعِ الْاَنْبِيَاءِ وَالْمُرْسَلِيْنَ، وَعَلٰى جِبْرِيْلَ وَمِيْكَائِيْلَ وَاِسْرَافِيْلَ وَمَلَكِ الْمَوْتِ وَحَمَلَةِ الْعَرْشِ وَعَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ اَجْمَعِيْنَ وَعَلَى الْاَوْلِيَآءِ وَالْصَّالِحِيْنَ وَعَلٰى جَمِيْعِ عِبَادِكَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ فِىْ كُلِّ لَمْحَةٍ وَنَفَسٍ عَدَدَ مَاوَسِعَهُ عِلْمُكَ، اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّى اَسْئَلُكَ اِيْمَنًا يُبَاشِرُ قَلْبِىْ، اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِى مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ الْمُخْلِصِيْنَ، اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِىْ عِلْمَ التَّوْحِيْدِ وَعَمَلَ الْاِخْلَاصِ وَحُسْنَ الْخَاطِمَة، اَللّٰهُمَّ نَوِّرْ قَلْبِىْ بِنُوْرِ مَعْرِفَتِكَ يَا الله يَا الله يا الله، اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِىْ حُبَّكَ وَحُبَّ مَنْ يُحِبُّكَ وَحُبَّ مَا يُقَرِّبُنِىْ اِلٰى حُبِّكَ وَاجْعَلْ حُبَّكَ اَحَبَّ اِلَيَّ مِنَ الْمَاءِ الْبَرْدِ، اَللّٰهُمَّ لَا تَجْعَلَ الدُّنْيَا اَكْبَرَ هَمِّنَا وَلَا تَجْعَلْ مُصِيْبَتَنَا فِىْ دِيْنِنَا، اَللّٰهُمَّ زَهِّدْنَا فِى الدُّنْيَا، اَللّٰهُمَّ اَرِنَا الدُّنْيَا كَمَا اَرَيْتَهَا الصَّالِحِيْنَ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ، ﴿رَبَّنَا اٰتِنَا مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً وَهَيِّءْ لَنَا مِنْ اَمْرِنَا رَشَدًا﴾ وَصَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلٰى سَیِّدِنَا وَمَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدِنِ الَّذِىْ اَرْسَلْتَهُ بِالْحَقِّ بَشِیْرًا وَّنَذِیْرًا، وَعَلٰى اٰلِهٖ واَصْحَابِهِ الَّذِیْنَ طَھَّرْتَھُمْ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ تَطْھِیْرًا، وَسَلَّـمَ تَسْلِیْمًا كَثِیْرًا طَیِّبًا مُبَارَكًا كَافِیًا جَزِیْلًا جَمِیْلًا دَائِمًا بِدَوَامِ مُلْكِ اللّٰهِ، وَبِقُدْرَتِ عَظَمَةِ ذَاتِكَ، یَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِیْنَ، ﴿سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُوْنَ، وَسَلَامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِيْنَ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ ﴾

English Translation

In the Name of Allah
the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate

Al-Fatiha to the noble presence of the Chosen Beloved ﷺ and upon the (souls) of his kin and kith, the Saints, the truthful, the martyrs, the veracious, and the scholars.

(Then al-Ikhlāṣ (thrice), al-Falaq, an-Nāss, and ayat al-kursī)

Wird – Litany

  • 100 times “In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate upon my self, my religion, my family and my property!”
  • 100 times “I seek forgiveness from Allāh, the incomparably Great!”
  • 100 times “We surely belong to Allah and to Him we will return!”
  • 100 times “There is no strength or power, except with Allāh—the Most High, the Supreme in Glory!”
  • 100 times “Allāh is sufficient for us and He is the best trustee of affairs.”
  • 100 times “Glory be to Allah!”
  • 100 times “Praise be to Allah!”
  • 100 times “Allah is Greater!”
  • 100 times “There is none worthy of worship but Allah!”
  • 100 times “O Allāh, whelm blessings and peace on our liege Muḥammad r, his family and companions, in the number that is in Your Knowledge, such blessings as may continue forever eternal as Your Kingdom.”

Du’a – Supplication

Praise be to Allāh, Lord of the Worlds, in the measure of His blessings and commensurate with His increase of them. Our Lord, all praise belongs to You as much as befits Your Glory and Sublime Majesty. O Allāh, whelm salutations, peace, and blessings upon our liege and patron Muhammad ﷺ and his kith and kin , and all the Prophets and Messengers, and upon Gabriel, Michael, Raphael, the Angel of Death, and the bearers of the Throne, and upon all the Angels, and upon the intimate friends and the righteous, and upon all Your believing slaves s in every glance and in every breath, as many times as all the things contained in Your Knowledge.

O Allah, I seek from You [deep] faith that will saturate my heart; [true] conviction that will make me realise that naught can befall me except what You have decreed for me; and that I may find contentment in whatever You have given me. O Allah, make me of those who are sincere, believing and submitting. O Allah, enrich me with knowledge of Oneness; sincere deeds; and a goodly end. O Allah, illuminate my heart with the light of Gnosis, O Allah! O Allah! O Allah!

O Allah, grant me Your Love; the love of those who love You; the love of that which brings me proximity to Your Love; and make Your Love dearer to me than myself, my family and cold water [in scorching heat]. O Allah, do not make this world our greatest concern and do not make our affliction in our religion. O Allah, make us ascetics in this world. O Allah, show me [the reality of] this world just as You showed the pious of Your worshipful servants. Our Lord, bestow on us Mercy from Yourself, and dispose of our affairs for us in the best way!

May Allāh bless our liege and patron, Muḥammad ﷺ, whom You have sent with the Truth, as a bearer of glad tidings and a Warner, and may He bless his family and his companions, who You have purified by ridding them of all contamination. May He also grant them peace —abundant, pleasant, blessed, sufficient, plentiful, beautiful, everlasting in the eternity of Allāh’s sovereignty, and in keeping with the mighty splendour of His Essence. O Quintessence of Mercy! Exalted is your Lord, the Lord of Might, far beyond their descriptions of Him. And peace be upon the Messengers. And praise be to Allāh, Lord of (all) the Worlds. (3 times)

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