Days of Allah – Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Day Name Resting Abode
1 ‘Urs Muhammad b. Zakariya al-Marghaylani al-Bukhari al-Madani al-Naqshbandi – Bio Madinatu-l Munawwara
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi
Bio  His Grave! | Wiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila)
Wakhsh, TJ
2 ‘Urs Prophet Lut
Bio 1 | His TombWiki
Palestine
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Shah Ahmad Sa’id Faruqi Mujaddidi
BioWiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila)
Madinatu-l Munawwara
3 ‘Urs Abu Nasr Habib b. Muhammad al-‘Ajami al-Basri
Bio 1 | Bio 2
Baghdad, IQ
‘Urs Abu Muhammad al-Madani
Bio
Rashadiya (Gunekoy), TR
‘’ ‘Urs Mian Sher Muhammad Sharqpuri urf Sher-e Rabbani
Website (urdu) | Vid | Wiki (Sharqpur) | FaceBook
Sharqpur, Punjab, PK
4 ‘Urs Khwaja Qutbuddin Abu Muhammad Chishti
Bio
Chist, AF
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Abū-Alī Fadl b. Muhammad al-Fārmadī at-Tūsī
Bio 1Bio 2Wiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila)
Farmad, IR
‘’ ‘Urs ‘Abdullah Tahir b. Haji Ahmad urf Haji Abdullah Tahir Bunut Payong
Bio
Kelantan, MY
5 ‘Urs Imam Abu Yusuf Ya’qub al-Ansari
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki
Baghdad, IQ
‘Urs Shah Farhan urf Shah Paran
Wiki
Sylhet, BD
6 ‘Urs Sayyid Ahmad Bādshah Pīr
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Bio 3
Durban, ZA
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Allah Bakhsh ‘Abbasi Ghaffari urf Sohna Saeen
Bio | Islah-ul-Muslimeen | Wiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila) FaceBook
Allahabad, Kandiaro, Sindh, PK
‘’ ‘Urs Shah Muntajabuddin urf Zar Zari Zar Baksh
Bio | Bio 2 | Wiki | FaceBook
Khuldabad, IN
7 ‘Urs ‘Abd al-Rahim b. Tajuddin ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Jilani – Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 193) Bab al-Harb, Baghdad, IQ
‘Urs Mir Muhammad urf Baba Sain, Mian Mir
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Bio 3 | Wiki | FaceBook
[Sufis of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, v.3, p.136]
Lahore, PK
8 ‘Urs Imam Hasan b. ‘Ali al-Askari al-Zaki
Wiki
Samarra, IQ
‘Urs Fateh Ali Waisi
Website
[Sufis of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, v.3, p.231]
Calcutta, IN
9 ‘Urs Muhammad Ma’sūm Fārūqī Sirhindī Naqshbandī
Bio
Sirhind, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Muhammad Sādiq Fārūqī Sirhindī Naqshbandī
Bio
Sirhind, IN
10/14 ‘Urs Imam Abu ‘Abdi-Llah Malik b. Anas al-Asbahi
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Bio 3
Madinatu-l Munawwara
11 ‘Urs Imam Abu ‘Abdi-Llah Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Hanbal al-Shaybani al-Baghdadi – Bio 1 | Bio 2 Baghdad, IQ
12 Mawlid Al-Habib Al-Mustafa Sayyiduna Abu-l Qasim
Muhammad b. ‘Abdu-Llah b. ‘Abdu-l Muttalib b. 
Madinatu-l Munawwara
‘’ ‘Urs Abu Yaqub Yusuf Hamadānī
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki | Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 460)
Marv, near Mary, TM
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Ahmad al-Badawi al-Fasi
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | His Letters | His Mosque
Tanta, EG
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani – Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki (bio) | Wiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila) Tus, Khorasan, IR
3/13 ‘Urs Muhammad Baha’u-d Din Shah Naqshband al-Bukhari Bio 1 | Bio 2 Bukhara, UZ
‘’ ‘Urs ‘Alau’ddin ‘Ali Ahmad Sabir Kalyari
Bio1 | Bio 2 | Bio (Urdu) | Wiki (bio) | Wiki (dargah)
Kaliyar Sharif, IN
14 ‘Urs Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Bio 3 | Wiki
Qutb Minar, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Umar Pulavar
Bio 1 | Singapore School
Ettayapuam, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Habib Nuh al-Habshi
Bio
Singapore, SG
15 ‘Urs Imam Abu ‘Amr ‘Abdu-r Rahman b. ‘Amr al-Awza’i
Bio 1 | Bio 2Wiki
Beirut, LB
‘’ ‘Urs Muhammad al-Nuski (பால்-குடி அப்பா)
Bio
Kayalpatnam, IN
16-17-18-19 ‘Urs Ghazi Yusuf Shah Mudi
Bio (Urdu video) | His Maqam | FaceBook
Manora, Karachi, PK
16 ‘Urs Zia Hasan Jili Kalimi
Brief Bio
Tolichowki, Hyderabad, IN
‘Urs ‘Abdul Mustafa al-Azhari
FaceBook
Darul uloom Amjadia Karachi, PK
17 ‘Urs Abdur Rahman b. Muhammad al-Fasi al-Fihri
Bio
Fez, MA
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Mahmūd Anjīr-Faghnawī
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila)
Bukhara, UZ
‘Urs Abu Ahmad al-Sughuri
Bio
Sughur, Daghestan, RU
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Shah Aal-e-Ahmad Ache Miya
Bio
Marehra Sharif, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Sakhi Shah Muhammad Ghaus
Bio
Lahore, PK
18 ‘Urs Abu Bakr ‘Abdul Aziz b. Muhyuddin ‘Abdul Qadir al-Jilani – Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 179) Al-Jibal, Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Dawud b. Sulaiman b. ‘Abdul Jabbar b. Muhyuddin ‘Abdul Qadir al-Jilani – Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 186) Al-Halba, Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs ‘Abdul Qadir Thani b. Muhammad al-Husaini
[Sufis of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, v.3, p.29]
Uch, PK
‘Urs Abu-l Mahâsin Yûsef al-Fâsî
Bio (French)
Fez, MA
‘’ ‘Urs Daniyal b. Hasan Balkhi
Teacher of Muhammad Jaunpuri
Jaunpur, UP, IN
19 ‘Urs Sulaiman al-Qahiri
Bio
Kayalpatnam, IN
20 ‘Urs Abu-l Wafa Muhammad al-Kakis
Qala’id al-Jawahir (p.351)
Qalaminiya, IQ
‘Urs Abdul Muqtadir Siddiqi Fazl
His Shaikh | A student of hisMap
Edi Bazaar, Hyderabad, IN
21 ‘Urs Muhaddith ‘Abdu-l Haqq Dehlawi
Bio
Qutb Minar, IN
‘Urs Muhammad Hasan Jili Kalimi
Brief Bio
Tolichowki, Hyderabad, IN
22 ‘Urs Rabi’a al-Adawiyyah al-Basriyyah
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Bio 3
Basra, IQ
23 ‘Urs Fadlur Rahman Gunjmuradabadi 
Website
 | An Anecdote
Muradabad, IN
24 ‘Urs Khwaja Shah Kalimullah b. Nurullah Jahanabadi Chishti
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki
Aurangabad, IN
‘Urs Sayyid Ibrahim al-Yaqoubi
Bio 1
Damascus, SY
25 ‘Urs Khwaja Rahmatullah Naib urf Naib-e-Rasul
Bio
Rahmatabad, IN
26 ‘Urs Muhammad Sa’id b. Jamaluddin b. Idris al-Linggi
Bio
Seremban, MY
‘Urs Bibi Syed Ali Fatima
Her Story | Video
Athangkarai, TN, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Muhammad Sirajuddin Naqshbandi
Wiki (Bio) Wiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila)
Mussa Zai Sharif, Dera Ismail Khan, PK
27 ‘Urs Abu Muhammad Abdul Rahman b. Muhammad al-Fâsî
Bio (French)
Fez, MA
‘Urs Sayyid Isma’il b. ‘Abdu-l Qadir
Bio | Pic | Malacca Tourism
Pulau Besar, MY
28 ‘Urs Al-Shaikh ‘Umar b. ‘Abdullah Bagharib
Bio
Singapore, SG
29 ‘Urs Khwaja Muhammad Chishti
Bio 1
Akbarabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Ubaidullah Ahrar
Bio 1 | Pic | Vid | Wiki (Naqshbandi-Tahiri silsila)
Samarkand, UZ
30 ‘Urs Ummu-l Mu’minin Juwayriyyah
Bio
Madinatu-l Munawwarah

* Masters of the ‘Arusiyyah branch of the Qadiriyyah way of Islamic Spirituality

DISCLAIMER: Please note that links to external websites are provided only for reference purposes. TAQWA (Singapore) is neither responsible for their content nor adhere to views expressed therein which may be contrary to our ethos and beliefs.

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Correct Understanding of the Mawlid – 2

In response to the question, “Is there any basis for the Mawlid within the Prophetic Sunna?” the foremost Shafi’i jurist of this age and scion of the Prophetic household in Madinah, Al-Habib Al-‘Allamah Zayn b. Sumayt al-Shafi’i al-Husayni (may Allah protect him and keep him well) said:

Yes! The Imām and Hadīth master, Ahmad Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalānī derived a sound basis for it from the Sunna. It is the Hadīth found in the two rigorously authentic collections [of al-Bukhārī and Muslim]. It states that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) entered Madinah and found that the Jews were fasting on the day of ‘Āshūrā’.

He asked them regarding this and they replied: “It was the day in which Allah drowned Pharaoh and saved Mūsā (peace be upon him), so we fast on this day out of thanks for Allah, the Exalted.” So, the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) started to fast on that day and ordered the Muslims to fast it as well.  He [Ibn Hajar] said:

This [Hadīth] indicates observing thanks to Allah for His bounties that He gifted, when He  repelled harm on a particular day. Thanks to Allah is obtained from various  types of worship, such as prostration, fasting, and charity. What bounty is greater than the appearance of this Prophet of mercy (Allah bless him and give him peace? [summarized from Al-Hāwī of Al-Suyūtī]

From this, it is known that gathering for the sake of hearing the story of his birth (Allah bless him and give him peace) is from the greatest of acts that draw one near [to Allah], for it is a means of showing gratitude to Allah for the appearance of the possessor of miracles, as well as the opportunity to feed others, pray, and send many prayers and salutations and other good deeds.

The notable scholars have explicitly stated that performing a Mawlid [in a locality] will ensure security for that year and glad tidings in this world in obtaining one’s wants and needs.  Actions are only according to their intentions, and Allah, the Glorified and Exalted knows best. With peace.

Benefit

The Hadīth master, Shamsu-d Dīn ibn al-Jazarī said in his book, ‘Urf Al-Ta’rīf bī-l Mawlid Al-Sharīf:

It has been narrated that Abū Lahab was seen in a dream after his death. He was asked about his condition in the fire, to which he replied: ‘The punishment is lightened for me every Monday night and I drink water from between my fingers the size of this – and he pointed to the tips of his finger – because of manumitting Thuwayba when she brought me the good news of the Prophet’s birth and because of her breastfeeding him.”

So if Abū Lahab, the unbeliever who was condemned in the Qur’ān (refer to Chapter 110), receives reward for showing delight during the night of the Prophet’s birth (Allah bless him and give him peace, then what is the state of the Muslim monotheist from his own nation (Allah bless him and give him peace) who dresses nicely and gives out from love of him (Allah bless him and give him peace? By my life! His reward from Allah the Generous is nothing more  than entering the gardens of Paradise out of His bounty!

— Al-Shafi’i Al-Husaini. (2008). Issues of Controversy. Available: http://www.marifah.net/jurisprudence–fiqh/articles/fiqh/issues-of-controversy.html. Last accessed 6 Feb 2011.

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Correct Understanding of the Mawlid – 1

Amongst the traditional practices that generate heated arguments is the Mawlid celebration. We quote here the words of the late bastion of the ahlu-s sunnah wa-l jama’a in the Hijaz and reviver [mujaddid] of the 20th century, Al-Sayyid Al-Shaikh Muhammad b. ‘Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani (may Allah be pleased with him), who said:

Many people err in their understanding of the real nature of the mawlid celebration that we call to and encourage others to attend. They have many false conceptions of it that they use to base their issues and long-winded arguments. These waste their time and the time of their readers. All of their arguments are specious because they are based upon false premises.

The Position of the Ahlu-s Sunnah wa-l Jama’a

We have written a great deal about the mawlid celebration and we have spoken about it on radio programs and general gatherings, so our views regarding the noble mawlid are clear. We say now as we have said before:

Gathering for the sake of the mawlid celebration is a customary matter. It is not an act of worship in itself. This is what we believe and take as our religion with Allah. Whoever wishes to imagine the reality of the mawlid celebration as something else, then they may do so, for each person is only responsible for what he believes and no one else.

In every gathering and celebration we say: “This celebration and occasion is a customary matter. It is not an act of worship at all.” After this unambiguous statement, is there any room for someone to censure or oppose?

The biggest catastrophe is the lack of proper understanding, as Imam Al-Shafi’i said: “I have never debated a scholar except that I defeated him, and I have never defeated an ignoramus except that he defeated me.”

The most novice student of knowledge knows the difference between that which is customary and that which is worship, and the reality of the two. If someone says that something is an act of worship with its particular modality, we retort: “What is your proof?”

Conversely, if someone says that something is a customary act, we say to him: “Do as you like, because the real danger and tribulation that we fear is that an innovated and unlegislated act is covered in the garment of worship – although it is only the product of someone’s ijtihad. We are not pleased with this. We wage war against it and warn from it.”

The upshot of all of this is that although gathering for the commemoration of the mawlid is a customary act, it is nevertheless from the customary acts of goodness that are composed of various benefits for the people because they are composed of acts which, when taken individually, are found to be sought after and legislated.

Every Night and Day, In Every City and Land

Among the corrupt notions that some people have is that we call for the celebration of the mawlid on a specific night as opposed to other nights of the year. This simpleton does not realise that in both Makkah (the blessed) and Madinah (the radiant), gatherings in commemoration of the mawlid are held every day of the year and whenever some one has a celebration or special occasion.

There is not a day or night that passes in Makkah and Madinah, except that there is a gathering in commemoration of the mawlid – this occurs; whoever knows it, knows it; whoever is ignorant of it, is ignorant of it.

Whoever claims that we only remember the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in one night only, and that we are heedless of him for the other 364 nights of the year, then he has invented a falsehood and come up with a grievous lie.

By the bounty of Allah, these gatherings commemorating the mawlid of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) occur on every night of the year. Hardly a day or night passes, except that there is a gathering here, or a celebration there.

We always say that to restrict mawlid gatherings to one night only is of the greatest of offenses to the Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace), and for this reason, the people accept our council in this regard and to Allah is all praise.

Likewise, whoever claims that we restrict the commemoration of his mawlid (Allah bless him and give him peace) to the city of Madinah only is either ignorant or feigning ignorance. There is nothing we can do for such a person besides asking Allah to give him insight and to uncover the veils of ignorance so he may see that the mawlid is not restricted to Madinah or a particular night in a particular month – rather, it is general for every time and every place.

Nothing is valid in the intellect
if the bright day is in need of an apodictic proof

The upshot of all of this is that we do not say it is a sunna to celebrate the mawlid on a specific night. On the contrary, whoever believes that has innovated in the religion. Remembering him (Allah bless him and give him peace) and being attached to him is obligatory at all times and it must fill the souls.

Of course, in the month of his birth there is a stronger motive for the people to hasten to its commemoration, gather together, and sense the Divine outpouring due to the anniversary. In such times, the people remember their past and their thoughts move from the present to the past.

These gatherings are of the best means of inviting unto Allah, and they are golden opportunities that should not be missed. It is a duty upon all scholars and callers unto Allah to remind the umma of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), his morals, etiquette, spiritual states, life, interactions, and worship. They must advise the umma and guide them to goodness and success as well as warn them from sedition, innovation, evil, and tribulations.

It is by the grace of Allah that we invite to that and say to the people that the intent behind such gatherings is not gathering together for its own sake and for its outward trappings – rather, it is only a noble means to an exalted goal. Whoever does not find benefit in his religion from these gatherings then he is deprived from the noble mawlid. We will not exhaustively mention all of the evidence, arguments, and proofs we have inferred in support of the mawlid. Readers may refer to my separate work on this subject titled, “Concerning Celebration of the Noble Mawlid.

— Al-Maliki Al-Hasani, M. Notions that Must be Corrected  (mafâhîm yajib an tusahhah). Trans. Suraqah Abdul Aziz. Netherlands: Sunni Publications, 2008.

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Islam and Hinduism

Deepavali (or the Festival of Lights) is one of the most important festivals in the Hindu calendar. It is a celebration of the triumph of good over evil. On this day of joy for our Hindu friends, we at TAQWA.sg are pleased to present this unique work by Ustaz Mohamad Ghouse Khan Surattee, “Lineage of Faith: Hindu-Islam Connection”:

The author draws on the works of Hindu scholars to reveal 30 evidences of “faith lineage” between Islam and Hinduism. These include:

  • 8 areas of similarities between the two faiths in relation to Brahma
  • 22 strong evidences of Prophetic link between the Vedas and Prophet Muhammad, upon him be blessings and peace.

It is the author’s hope that this work will foster greater understanding, tolerance, and respect amongst the adherents of both faiths.

Allah is the Guide.

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Dhikr and Du’a for Ashura

The following are the Arabic text and English translation of traditional invocations [adhkar] and supplications [ad’iyya] for the day of Ashura:

Invocation & Supplication for Ashura

Special Supplication for Ashura

And Allah is the Guide, eminent is His Glory.

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