Days of Allah – Muharram Al-Haram

Day Name Resting Abode
1 New Hijri Year
‘’ ‘Urs * Abu-l Ḥasan ‘Ali b. Muhammad al-Qurashi al-Hankari – Bio Baghdad, IQ
2 ‘Urs * Abu Mahfuz Ma’ruf b. Firuz al-Karkhi
Bio 1 | Bio 2Tomb
Baghdad, IQ
3 ‘Urs ‘Uthman b. Muhammad b. Ibrahim b. Abi Shaiba
Bio  His Passing
‘Urs Hasan Raza Khan
Kalam
Bareilly, IN
4 ‘Urs Abu Sa’id Hasan b. Yasar al-Basri
Bio
Basra, IQ
5 ‘Urs Abu ‘Ali Fudayl b. ‘Iyad
Bio | Bio 2
Makkatu-l Mukarramah
‘’ ‘Urs Ganj-e-Shakar Baba Faridu-d Din Mas’ud
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki
Pakpattan, PK
6 ‘Urs ‘Abd Allah b. Maslama al-Qa’nabi al-Rahib
Bio (important student of Imam Malik b. Anas)
Basra, IQ
‘Urs Shah ‘Abdu-Llah Husaini Qadiri Shattari
Bio
Ahmedabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Prophet Zakariyya
Bio | Wiki
Palestine, PL
‘’ ‘Urs Prophet Yahya
Bio | Wiki
Palestine, PL
7 ‘Urs Battle of Khaybar
Wiki | Britannica
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Afaq Dehlvi
Bio (Eng) | Bio (Urdu)
Ahmedabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Mawla Al-Dawila Al-Alawi (Syed Alavi Thangal)
His ShrineWiki
Mambaram, KL, IN
8 ‘Urs Abu-l Fath Hashmat Ali Khan Qadiri
Bio
Pilibhit Sharif, IN
9 ‘Urs Habib ‘Ali b. Muhammad al-Attas
Obituary
Huraida, YE
10 Yawmu-l ‘Ashura – Day of Ashura
Recommended to Fast on 9th and 10th | DhikrDu’a
‘’ ‘Urs * Imam Abu Abdi-Llah Husain b. ‘Ali al-Sibt ash-Shahid – Tragedy of Karbala | Ahlu-l Bayt Cairo, EG/
Karbala, IQ
‘Urs Abu Ishaq al-Isfarâyînî
Bio (defender of Imam al-Ash’ari)
Isfarayin, IR
‘’ ‘Urs Abu-l Hasan Ali al-Kharaqani
Bio | Wiki
Kharaqan, IR
‘’ ‘Urs Ummu-l Khair Fatimah
Bio | Mother of Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir al-Jilani
Jilan, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan urf Shamsuddin Habibullah
BioWiki
Delhi, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Shah Barkatullah Marehrawi
Bio
Marehra, IN
11 ‘Urs Abu ‘Abd Allah Wahb b. Munabbih al-Ṣan’ani al-Dhimari
His Passing  Wiki
Dhimar, YE
12 ‘Urs Najmuddin ‘Abd al-Ghaffar b. ‘Abd al-Karim al-Qazwini al-Shafi’i
Bio (Biographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: Central Asia and Middle East, p. 233)
Qazwin, IR
13 ‘Urs Syed Waris Ali Shah
Bio | Wiki
Dewa Sharif, IN
14 ‘Urs Mufti-e-Azam Muhammad Mustafa Raza Khan
BioWiki
Bareilly, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Mamshad Uluw al-Dinawari
Bio
Daynur, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Shah Hamza Marehrawi
Bio
Marehra, IN
15 ‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad Baghdadi al-Qadiri
His Wedding
Madinatu-l Munawwarah
16 ‘Urs Qutbuddin Aibak
Bio 1  Bio 2  Wiki
Lahore, PK
17 ‘Urs Muhammad Effendi al-Yaraghi
Bio
Daghestan, RU
18 ‘Urs * Imam Abu-l Hasan ‘Ali Zainu-l ‘Abidin b. Husain al-SajjadShort Bio Madinatu-l Munawwarah
‘’ ‘Urs Ismail b. Haji Abdul Majid al-Kalantani
Wiki
Machang, Kelantan, MY
19 ‘Urs * Sayyid Ahmad b. Sayyid Hasan al-Jilani
Bio
Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Durwesh Muhammad
BioWiki
Asqarar, UZ
20 ‘Urs Companion Bilal al-Habashi
Bio
Damascus, SY
21 ‘Urs Khwaja Zindapir Sahib
Bio | Pictures
Ghamkol, Kohat, PK
22 ‘Urs Sayyid Shamsuddin Qadiri urf Nana Pir
His Dargah
Chuduguppa, Bidar, KA, IN
23 ‘Urs Nasiruddin Yusuf b. Tashfin al-Sanhaji
Wiki  His Passing before meeting Al-Ghazali
Marrakech, MA
*24 ‘Urs Abu Tayyib ibn Salama al-Dubbi al-Shafi’i
Bio (Ibn Khallikan’s Bio Dictionary, p. 610)
Baghdad, IQ
25 ‘Urs Abu ‘Ali al-Tanukhi
Bio (Ibn Khallikan’s Bio Dictionary, p. 564)
Baghdad, IQ
26 ‘Urs * Sayyid Hasan al-Jilani
Bio
Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad Taju-d Din Baba
Bio
Nagpur, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Sāhib Husaynī al-Qadiri
Bio
Tekmal, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sir ‘Abdullah Archibald Hamilton [18 Mar 1939]
Bio
Brookwood, GB
27 ‘Urs Sayyid Ashraf Jahangir Simnani
Bio | Wiki
Kichaucha, IN
28 ‘Urs Haider ‘Ali Thani Shah Wajihu-d Din Husaini Qadiri Shattari – Bio Ahmedabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Shah Waliyu-Llah Dehlavi
Bio
Delhi, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sharif Sa’id b. ‘Abdullah al-Bid
Bio
Mambrui, KE
29 ‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad ad-Dandarawi
Bio
Madinatu-l Munawwarah
‘Urs Syed ‘Ali Mira Datar
Bio  Bio 2
Unjha, GJ, IN
30 ‘Urs Izzeddin Al-Haznevi
Bio
TR

* Masters of the ‘Arusiyyah branch of the Qadiriyyah way of Islamic Spirituality

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Muharram Essentials

Du’a Awwal al-Sana – Awwal Muharram

It is from the practice of the pious [sâlihîn] to recite the following supplication [du’â] three (3) times after the sunset prayers [salâtu-l maghrib] on the first day of Muharram which is the Islamic New Year.

Amongst others, this supplication can be found in:

  • kanzu-n najahi wa-s surur
    by: Al-‘Allamah Al-Shaikh ‘Abdul Hamid b. Muhammad ‘Ali Quds
  • al-munjiyat
    by: Shaikh Dr. Thaika Shu’aib al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi

Some saints [awliyâ] have said that reciting this supplication will result in Allah, Most High, assigning two (2) Angels to protect the reciter from committing (major) sins.


And Allah and His Messenger know best!

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْم

وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ اْلأَبَدِيُّ الْقَدِيْمُ اْلأَوَّلُ ، وَعَلَى فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيْمِ وَكَرَمِ جُوْدِكَ الْمُعَوَّلِ، وَهَذَا عَامٌ جَدِيْدٌ قَدْ أَقْبَلَ ، أَسْئَلُكَ الْعِصْمَةَ فِيْهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَأَوْلِيَائِهِ وَجُنُوْدِهِ، وَالْعَوْنَ عَلَى هَذِهِ النَّفْسِ اْلأَمَّارَةِ بِالسُّوْءِ، وَاْلإِشْتِغَالَ بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِي إِلَيْكَ زُلْفَى، يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَاْلإِكْرَامِ ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ اْلأُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

bismi Llâhi-r raḥmâni-r raḥîm, wa sṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sṣahḥbihi wa sallam, Allâhumma anta-l abadiyyu-l qadîmu-l awwal, wa ‘alâ fadḍlika-l azẓîmi wa karami jûdika-l mu’awwali, wa hâdhâ âmun jadîdun qad aqbal, as’aluka-l ‘iṣmata fîhi mina-sh shaiṭâni wa awliyâ’ihi wa junûdihi, wa-l ‘awna ‘alâ hâdhihi-n nafsi-l ammârati bi-s sû’i, wa-l ishtighâla bimâ yuqarribunî ilaika zulfâ, yâ dha-l jalâli wa-l ikrâmi, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadini-n nabiyyi-l ummiyyi wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam.

In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate. And blessings and peace be upon our liege-lord Muhammad, his family and companions. O Allah, Thou are the First from All Eternity. By Thou great bounty and generosity, this is the dawn of another new year. (So) I beseech Thee at this hour to bestow upon me (a) an impregnable shield from the malevolent plots of the accursed Satan, his allies and his foot-soldiers and (b) succour over the evil-self that incites to deviation, disobedience, and sin and (c) to engage in that which brings proximity to Thee. O possessor of Supreme Majesty and Unrivalled Generosity. And blessings and peace be upon the unlettered Prophet, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.

A Longer Du’a Awwal Al-Sana

This is another du’a for the beginning of the New Year from the Office of the Mufti, Singapore:

Success and guidance is from Allah. There is no power or might, except Allah.

Du’a Akhir Al-Sana – Akhir Dhu-l Hijjah

It is from the practice of the pious [sâlihîn] to recite the following supplication [du’â] three (3) times after the mid-afternoon prayers [salâtu-l ‘asr] on the last day of Dhu-l Hijjah which is the last day of the Islamic Year.

Amongst others, this supplication can be found in:

  • kanzu-n najahi wa-s surur
    by: Al-‘Allamah Al-Shaikh ‘Abdul Hamid b. Muhammad ‘Ali Quds
  • al-munjiyat
    by: Shaikh Dr. Thaika Shu’aib al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi

Some saints [awliyâ] have said that reciting this supplication will result in Allah, Most High, forgiving the reciter of all the sins committed in the past year. Satan (Allah’s curse be upon him) will be grieved beyond words when he hears this supplication as all his arduous efforts to misguide the recitor throughout the year, would have come to nought in a moment.

And Allah and His Messenger know best!

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْم

وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، اَللَّهُمَّ مَا عَمِلْتُ فِي هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ مِمَّا نَهَيْتَنِيْ عَنْهُ فَلَمْ أَتُبْ مِنْهُ ، وَلَمْ تَرْضَهُ ، وَلَمْ تَنْسَهُ وَحَلُمْتَ عَلَيَّ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِكَ عَلَى عُقُوْبَتِيْ ، وَدَعَوْتَنِي إِلَى التَّوْبَةِ بَعْدَ جُرْأَتِيْ عَلَى مَعْصِيَتِكَ ، فَإِنِّيْ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ فَاغْفِرْلِيْ وَمَا عَمِلْتُ فِيْهَا مِمَّا تَرْضَاهُ وَوَعَدْتَّنِيْ عَلَيْهِ الثَّوَابَ فَأَسْئَلُكَ اللَّهُمَّ يَا كَرِيْمُ يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَاْلإِكْرَامِ ، أَنْ تَتَقَبَّلَهُ مِنِّيْ وَلاَ تَقْطَعْ رَجَائِيْ مِنْكَ يَا كَرِيْمُ ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ اْلأُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

Bismi Llâhi-r raḥmâni-r raḥîm, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam, Allâhumma mâ ‘amiltu fî hâdhihi-s sanati mimmâ nahaitanî ‘anhu falam atub minhu, wa lam tarḍahu, wa lam tansahu wa ḥalumta ‘alayya ba’da qudratika ‘alâ ‘uqûbatî, wa da’awtanî ilâ-t tawbati ba’da jur-atî ‘alâ ma’ṣiyatik, fa-innî astaghfiru-ka fa-ghfirlî wa mâ ‘amiltu fîhâ mimmâ tarḍâhu wa-wa’adtanî ‘alaihi-th thawâba fa-as-aluka Llâhumma yâ karîmu ya dha-l jalâli wa-l ikrâmi, an tataqabbalahu minni wa la taqṭa’ rajâ’î minka yâ karîm, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadini-n nabiyyi-l ummiyyi wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam.

In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate. And blessings and peace be upon our liege-lord Muhammad, his family and companions. O Allah, I seek Thy pardon for all my actions of the past year – done knowingly, unknowingly, or forgetfully – which were forbidden and disapproved by Thou and did not attain Thy pleasure. And I beseech Thee to accept all my works that have brought me Thy favour and proximity to Thee. My reliance and hope is in Thee, O Most Generous, O possessor of Supreme Majesty and Unrivalled Generosity. And blessings and peace be upon the unlettered Prophet, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.

A Longer Du’a Akhir Al-Sana

This is another, longer du’a for the end of the year from the Office of the Mufti, Singapore:

Success and guidance is from Allah. There is no power or might, except Allah.

Salat al-Shafi’i

Sepulcher of Imam al-Shafi'i

Sepulcher of Imam al-Shafi’i

Ibn Bunan al-Asfahani (رضي الله عنه) says: “I once saw the Prophet (ﷺ) in a dream and asked, “O Prophet of Allah, have you given any special honor to Muhammad b. Idris al-Shafi’i?”

The Prophet (ﷺ) replied: “Yes, I have asked Allah (ﷻ) to excuse him from reckoning on the Day of Judgement.”

I asked: “What was the reason for this?”

The Prophet (ﷺ) replied: “He recited a unique salat upon me.”

I asked: “What salat did he recite?”

The Prophet (ﷺ) answered: “He would say:

اللهم صلِّ على نبيِّنا مُحَمَّدٍ كلَّما ذَكَرَهُ الذَّاكِرُونَ وغَفَل عن ذِكْرِهِ الغافِلُونَ

Allahumma salli ‘ala Nabiyyina Muhammadin kullama dhakarahu al-dhakiruna wa ghafala an dhikrih al-ghafilun

O Allah, bless our Prophet Muhammad whenever he is remembered and whenever he is not remembered.”

In another account, Allama al-Sakhawi (رضي الله عنه) has written that Abdullah b. Abul Hakam saw Imam al-Shafi’i (رضي الله عنه) in a dream after his death and asked about how Allah Most High dealt with him. Imam al-Shafi’i (رضي الله عنه) told him that because of the continuous recitation of the above salutation, Allah (ﷻ) forgave him and ennobled him with an exalted position in the Highest Paradise. Imam Muthni (رضي الله عنه) has also narrates the same story.

This salutation is also known as durud al-Shafi’i. Imam al-Shafi’i (رضي الله عنه) received glad tidings of eternal salvation due to its regular recitation. It is a salutation of great significance and brings prosperity, health, happiness and success in this and the next world to the one who recites it regularly.

Allah Most High and His Beloved Messenger know best.

Optional Worship for Dhu-l Hijja

Allah Most High has revealed:

“The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)—so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein,”—al-Qu’ran 9:36

Allah Most High has sworn:

“By the dawn, and the ten nights”—al-Qu’ran 89:1-2

(Many commentators of the Qur’an have concluded that the “ten nights” mentioned this ayat refer to the first ten nights of Dhu-l Hijja)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu-l Qa’da, Dhu-l Hijja and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’ban.”—related by Abu Bakra and found in Bukhari

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has also said:

“The Chieftain of all months is the month of Ramadan and the mightiest of them in sanctity is Dhu-l Hijja.”

and:

“Of all the days of this world, the most excellent are the Ten Days of Dhu-l Hijja.”

In addition to establishing the sanctity of Dhu-l Hijja, there are Prophetic narrations that mention the virtues of specific days and nights therein and special acts of optional worship for them. Hajja Durriya mentions these in her work: al-Fawa’id al-Ilahiyya al-Warida ‘an khair al-Bariyya (كتاب الفوائد الإلهية الواردة عن خير البرية). Rizwana Sayed has translated them in her beautiful work: “The Sacred Months – Prayer & Worship for the Special Months”.

May Allah Most High bestow tawfiq to honour these special nights and days and accrue the resultant benefits.

1st Day of Dhu-l Hijja

It has been related that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ wed Lady Fatima to Imam ‘Ali on the first day of Dhu-l Hijja. The Prophet ﷺ said to Lady Fatima: “O Fatima, pray 4-rakats, in each rakat recite al-Fatiha once and Sura al-Ikhlas fifty times. Upon completion, say: ‘Transcendent is the One of Supreme and Sublime Honour. Transcendent is the One of Superior and Exalted Majesty. Transcendent is the Owner of the the pre-eternal Magnificent Kingdom. Transcendent is the One Who sees the tracks of the ants in rows. Transcendent is the One Who sees the location of the birds. Transcendent is the One Who is like this, and there is none other like Him!‘”

9th Day of Dhu-l Hijja (Day of Arafa)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“There is no day more excellent than the Day of Arafa, on which Allah Most High invites the inhabitants of the heaven to vie in glory with the people of the earth, saying: ‘Look at my servants! See how they come to Me, dishevelled and covered with dust, from every deep ravine. They are hoping for My mercy and are afraid of incurring My chastisement, for no day ever witnessed more emancipation from the Inferno than the Day of Arafa‘”

» Fasting the Day of Arafa

Details to follow.

» The 4-Rakat Prayer

Details to follow.

» The 2-Rakat Prayer

Details to follow.

The 10 Nights of Dhu-l Hijja

If a worshipper prays during any night of the Ten Nights, performing 4-rakats of ritual prayer in the last third of the night, and includes the following recitations (in each rakat):

  • al-Fatiha once,
  • ayat al-Kursi thrice,
  • sura al-Ikhlas thrice, and
  • the 2 refuge-seeking surahs (i.e. sura al-Falaq and sura al-Nass) once each,

and upon completion raises his hands in entreaty and says: “Transcendent is the Owner of the Might and the Dominion. Transcendent is the Owner of the Power and the Kingdom. Transcendent is the Ever-Living Who never dies. There is no God but He, the One Who brings to life and Who causes death, while He is Ever-Living and never dies. Transcendent is Allah, the Lord of men and all the lands. Praise be to Allah, an abundant, fine and blessed praise, under all circumstance. Allah is Supremely Great, immensely so. Our Lord, splendid is His Majesty and His Power is in every place.”

And if he then pleads for whatever he wishes, he will be entitled to the same reward as someone who performs the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah, visits the resting place of the Prophet ﷺ and strives in the cause of Allah. Whatever he asks of Allah, He will surely grant him his request.

If he perform this ritual prayer every night during the Ten Nights, Allah Most High will grant him lawful access to the Highest Paradise [al-firdaws al-a’la], and He will erase every bad deed from his record, and will be told: “Now set about your work from a new beginning.

If it happens to be the Day of Arafa. and he devotes the daytime to fasting and the night to ritual prayer, and he recites this invocation, and he offers many a humble entreaty in the presence of Allah Most High, Allah will say: “O My angels, bear witness that I have granted him forgiveness, and that I have equated him with the pilgrim to the House of Allah.” The angels will be delighted to learn what Allah Most High has bestowed upon that believing servant, as a reward for the above ritual prayer and invocation.

And Allah and His Messenger know best.