Last Wednesday of Safar

إِنَّ وَلِيِّيَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ وَهُوَ يَتَوَلَّى الصَّالِحِينَ

“Indeed, my protector is Allah, who has sent down the Book; and He is an ally to the righteous.” (7:196)

From amongst the traditional practices of the Ahlu-s Sunnah wa-l Jama’a is observing the last Wednesday of Safar with voluntary acts of worship. This is done at the behest of some later righteous [salihin] and Gnostics [‘arifin] who have stated that Allah sends down the trials and tribulations that will occur throughout the year on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar.

Amongst those who have written or spoken on this matter are:

  • Muhammad Ghawth Gwaliyari
  • Ahmad b. Ali al-Buni
  • Fariduddin Masud Ganjshakar
  • Ahmad b. Umar al-Dairabi
  • Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Tijani
  • Abd al-Hamid b. Muhammad ‘Ali Quds

From their experiential knowledge and insight, they have also said that those trials and tribulations are spread out accordingly and apportioned to specific people. It is for this reason that many scholars [‘ulama] and sages [masha’ikh] deem it beneficial to engage in supererogatory acts of devotion on the day seeking Allah’s Mercy and Gentleness to avoid being apportioned any trial or tribulation.

Shaikhuna Thaika Shuaib, in keeping with the teachings of our Masha’ikh, recommends performing the following 3 devotional acts on the last Wednesday of Safar:

1. Surah Yasin

It is advised to recite the Surah known as the heart of the Qur’an (i.e. Surah Yasin) on the night (i.e. Tuesday evening) or day of the last Wednesday of Safar. On reaching verse 58, repeat it 313 times:

{سلامٌ قولاً من ربٍّ رحيم}
salâmun qawla-m mi-r Rabbi-r Rahîm
“‘Peace!’ – a word (of salutation) from a Lord Most Merciful!”

After completing the recitation, make this supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَاةً تُنْجِـيْنَا بِهَا مِنْ جَمِيْعِ الأَهْوَالِ وَالْآفَاتِ، وَتَقْضِي لَنَا بِهَا جَمِيْعِ الْحَاجَات، وَتُطَهِّرُنَا بِهَا مِنْ جَمِيْعِ السَّيِّئَات، وَتَرْفَعُنَا بِهَا أَعْلَى الدَّرَجَات، وَتُبَلِّغُنَا بِهَا أَقْصَى الْغَايَات، مِنْ جَمِيْعِ الْخَيْرَات، فِي الْحَيَاةِ وَبَعْدَ الْمَمَات. (اَللّٰهُمَّ) اصْرِفْ عَنَّا شَرَّ مَا يَنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، وَمَا يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ، إِنَّكَ عَلٰى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْر، وَصَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالَى عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ،

(Allâhuma) salli ‘alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin salâtan tunjînâ bihâ min jamî’ al-ahwâli wa al-âfât, wa taqdî lanâ bihâ jamî’ al-hâjât, wa tutahirrunâ bihâ min jamî’ al-sayyi’ât, wa tarfa’unâ bihâ a’la ad-darajât, wa tuballighunâ bihâ aqsa al-ghâyât, min jamî’ al-khayrât, fi al-hayâti wa ba’ad al mamât.

(Allâhuma) isrif ‘annâ sharra mâ yanzilu min al-samâ, wa ma yakhruju min al-ard, innaka ‘alâ kulli shayy’in qadîr, wa salla Allâhu ta’alâ ‘alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim.

“(O Allah) send mercy upon our Master Muhammad, a [prayer of] mercy with which You save us from all threats and calamities, and by it [the prayer for mercy] You fulfil all our needs, and You purify us from the entirety of our sins, and You raise us by it to the highest levels, and You allow us to reach our greatest aspirations, in this life and after death.

(O Allah) avert from us the evil that descends from the heavens, and from [the evil] the comes from the earth – indeed, You are in power over all things. And may Allah send His Mercy upon our Master Muhammad, his Family, and Companions.”

(translation by Ustaz Amjid Tarsin)

وذكر بعض الصالحين أنّ آخر أربعاء في صفر يوم نَحْس مستمر(1) فيستحب أن يقرأ فيه سورة يس، فإذا وصل إلى قوله تعالى: (سلامٌ قولاً من رب رحيم) يكررها (ثلاثمائة وثلاث عشرة مرة)، ثم يدعو فيقول: (اللهم) صلّ على سيدنا محمد صلاة تنجينا بها من جميع الأهوال والآفات، وتقضي لنا بها جميع الحاجات، وتطهّرنا بها من جميع السيئات وترفعنا بها أعلى الدرجات، وتبلغنا بها أقصى الغايات جميع الخيرات في الحياة وبعد الممات. ثم يقول: (اللهم) اصرف عنّا شرَّ ما ينْزل من السماء، وما يخرج من الأرض، إنك على كل شيء قديرٌ، وصلى الله تعالى على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم. ثم يدعو بالمهمّ دنيا وأخرى ويسأل الله تعالى العافية والسلامة. (1) فيه ما سيأتي في الرسالة فانظره. اهـ منه.

2. Salat al-Istikhara ma’a al-Hifz

After sunrise on the last Wednesday of Safar, it is meritorious to pray 4-cycles [raka’at] of prayer with the intention [niyyat] of seeking goodness [istikhara] and protection [hifz]. In each cycle, after Surah al-Fatiha, recite the following:

  • Surah al-Kawthar (Chapter 108) – 17 times,
  • Surah al-Ikhlas (Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad – Chapter 112) – 5 times,
  • Surah al-Falaq (Chapter 113) – once, and
  • Surah al-Naas (Chapter 114) – once.

Note: recite all 4 Surahs in all 4 Rakats.

After completing the prayer, make this supplication:

بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ، وَصَلَّى اللّهُ تَعَالَى عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ، (اللّهُمَّ) يَا شَدِيْدَ الْقُوَّى، وَيَا شَدِيْدَ الْمِحَالِ، يَا عَزِيْزُ ذَلَّتْ لِعِزَّتِكَ جَمِيْعِ خَلْقِكَ، اِكْفِنِيْ مِنْ جَمِيْعِ خَلْقِكَ، يَا مُحْسِنُ يَا مُجَمِّلُ، يَا مُتَفَضِّلُ، يَا مُنْعِمُ، يَا مُكْرِمُ، يَا مَنْ لَآ اِلَهَ اِلَّا اَنْتَ، بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِيْنَ، اَللَّهُمَّ بِسِرِّ الْحَسَنِ وَاَخِيْهِ، وَجَدِّهِ وَاَبِيْهِ، اِكْفِنِيْ شَرَّ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَمَا يُنْزِلُ فِيْهِ، يَا كَافِيْ {فَسَيَكْفِيْكَهُمُ اللّهُ وَهُوَالسَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ}، وَحَسْبُنَا اللّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيْلُ، وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيْمِ، وَصَلَّى اللّهُ تَعَالَى عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ

bismillâhi ar-Rahmân ar-Rahîm, wa salla Allâhu ta’âlâ ‘alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim. {Allâhuma} yâ Shadîd al-Quwwa, wa yâ Shadîd al-Mihâl, ya ‘Azîzu dhallat li ‘izzatika jamî’ khalqik; ikfinî min jamî’i khalqik, yâ Muhsin, yâ Mujammil, yâ Mutafaddil, yâ Mun’im, yâ Mukrim, yâ man lâ ilâha illâ Anta, bi rahmatika yâ Arham ar-Râhimîn.

{Allâhuma} bi sirri al-Hasan wa Akhîh, wa Jaddihi wa Abîh, ikfinî sharra hâdha al-yaum wa ma yunzilu fîh, yâ Kâfi. {Fasa yakfîkahumu Allâhu wa Huwa As-Samî’u Al-‘Alîm}. Wa Hasbunal Allâhu wa ni’am al wakeel, wa lâ hawla wa lâ quwwata illâ billâhi al-‘Alî, al-‘Adhîm, wa salla Allâhu ta’âlâ ‘alâ Sayyidnâ Muhammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim.

“In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. May the peace and mercy of Allah the Exalted be upon our Master Muhammad, and upon his Family and Companions. (O Allah) the One of Intense Power, the One of Intense Perspicacity. O Glorious One, Your entire creation is humbled before your Might – protect me from your entire creation, O Charitable One, O Beautifier, O Gracious One, O Giver of Blessing, O Generous One – there is no god except You, we ask your Mercy, of Most Merciful.

(O Allah) by the secret [blessing you have given] Al-Hasan, his brother [Husayn], his grandfather [may the peace and mercy of Allah be upon him!], his father [Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him] – protect us from the evil of this day and from what descends on this day, O Sufficient Protector! {Allah will suffice you against them, He is the All-Seeing, All-Knowing}. Allah is sufficient for us, and He is the best disposer of affairs, and there is no might or power except Allah’s, the Exalted, the Mighty. And may the peace and mercy of Allah be upon our Master Muhammad, his Family, and Companions.”

(translation by Ustaz Amjid Tarsin)

ذكر بعض العارفين من أهل الكشف والتمكين أنه ينزل في كل سنة ثلاثمائة ألف بليَّة وعشرون ألفًا من البليات، وكل ذلك في يوم الأربعاء الأخير من صفر؛ فيكون ذلك اليوم أصعب أيام السنة؛ فمن صلّى في ذلك اليوم أربع ركعات، يقرأ في كل ركعة منها بعد الفاتحة سورة (إنا أعطيناك الكوثر) سبع عشرة مرة والإخلاص خمس مرات، والمعوّذتين مرة مرة، ويدعو بعد السلام بهذا الدعاء حفظه الله تعالى بكرمه من جميع البلايا التي تنزل في ذلك اليوم، ولم تحم حوله بلية من تلك البلايا إلى تمام السنة والدعاء المعظم هو: (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. وصلى الله تعالى على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم، (اللهم) يا شديدَ القوَى، ويا شديدَ المحال، يا عزيزُ ذلّت لعزَّتك جميعُ خلقك، اكفني من جميع خلقك، يا محسنُ يا مجمل، يا متفضل، يا منعمُ يا مكرِمُ، يا من لا إله إلا أنت برحمتك يا أرحم الراحمين، (اللهم) بسرّ الحسن وأخيه، وجدِّه وأبيه، اكفني شرّ هذا اليوم وما ينزل فيه يا كافي، فسيكفيكهم الله وهو السميع العليم، وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل، ولا حولَ ولا قوّة إلا بالله العليّ العظيم، وصلى الله تعالى على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم). انتهى.

3. Ayat al-Munjiyat wa al-Hifz

It is recommended that the following 7 verses of the Qur’an (a) be written on a china plate or leaf with edible ink, (b) then dissolved in water, and (c) the resulting consecrated water drunk. If this is not feasible, then one should at least recite the verses into a bottle or cup of water and drink it. This is a tried and tested armour of protection against the descending trials and tribulations of the day.

Important note: some people pour the holy water with the dissolved verses over their heads or shower with it. This should NOT be practised as the holy water will fall on one’s feet and to the ground.

The 7 verses of the Qur’an are:

  • سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ
    “‘Peace,’ a word from the Lord of Mercy.” (36:58)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ نُوحٍ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ
    “Peace be upon Noah among all the nations!” (37:79)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ
    “Peace be upon Abraham!” (37:109)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ
    “Peace be upon Moses and Aaron!” (37:120)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِلْ يَاسِينَ
    “Peace be to Elijah!” (37:130)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ
    “Peace be upon you. You have been good. Come in: you are here to stay.” (39:73)
  • سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
    “Peace it is until the rising of the dawn.” (97:05)

After drinking the water, make this supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اعْصِمْنَا مِنْ جَهْدِ الْبَلَآءِ، وَدَرْكِ الشَّقَآءِ، وَسُوْءِ الْقَضَآءِ، وَشَمَاتَةِ الْاَعْدَآءِ، وَمَلْجُوْمِ الْوَبَآءِ، وَمَوْتِ فُجَاءَةٍ، وَمِنْ زَوَالِ الْبَرَكَةِ وَالنِّعْمَةِ وَالْبَرَصِ وَالْجُذَامِ وَالْجُبْنِ وَالْبَرْصَامِ وَالْحُمّٰى وَالشَّقِيْقَةِ، وَمِنْ جَمِيْعِ الْاَمْرَاضِ وَالْاَسْقَامِ، بِفَضْلِكَ وَجُوْدِكَ يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْاِكْرَامِ، بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِيْنَ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى اٰلِهِ وَاَصْحَابِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ، اٰمِيْنَ،

“O Allah, protect us from the pangs of tribulations, from being overtaken by misfortune, from an evil destiny, from the gloating of enemies, and from all illness and diseases. By Your favour and grace, O Possessor of Majesty and Bounty. By Your mercy, O Quintessence of Mercy. Blessings and peace be upon our liege Muhammad, his family and companions. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Amin!”

ومن المجربات لدفع البلايا والحفظ منه كتبُ هذه الآيات ومحوُها، وشرب مائها، قال في نعت البدايات: ويروى أن من صلى الأربع الركعات المتقدمة، ودعا بالدعاء المتقدم أيضا وهو: (اللهم) يا شديد القوَى…إلخ. وكتب بعد ذلك هذه الآيات وغسلها بالماء، وشرب منه أمِنَ مما ينزل من البلاء في ذلك النهار إلى تمام العام. والآيات هي هذه: (سلام قولاً من رب رحيم. سلامٌ على نوح في العالمين. سلام على إبراهيم. سلام على موسى وهارون. سلام على إلياسين. سلام عليكم طبتم فادخلوها خالدين. من كل أمر سلام هي حتى مطلع الفجر). قلت: وهذه الرواية هي التي كان يفعلها شيخنا رضي الله تعالى عنه وهي أحسن؛ لعموم النفع بها للصبيان والنسوان والعبيد، ونحو ذلك ممن لا يقدر على فعل شيء مما تقدم.

Afterword

As has been made clear in the opening paragraphs, observing the last Wednesday of Safar with voluntary acts of worship has been handed down to us from later scholars of the Sunni tradition. There is no obligation to follow them. Therefore, those who observe the day should not be rebuked and those who disregard the day are not to be censured.

Success is from Allah alone and He is the Guide!

Salat al-Tasbih al-Mukhtasar

Salat al-Tasbih al-Mukhtasar or “The Shortened Prayer of Glorification” is a mainstay of the savants and saints. They perform this prayer in light of the following hadīth:

أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ بْنُ وَكِيعِ بْنِ الْجَرَّاحِ، أَخُو سُفْيَانَ بْنِ وَكِيعٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ جَاءَتْ أُمُّ سُلَيْمٍ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ عَلِّمْنِي كَلِمَاتٍ أَدْعُو بِهِنَّ فِي صَلاَتِي ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ “‏سَبِّحِي اللَّهَ عَشْرًا وَاحْمَدِيهِ عَشْرًا وَكَبِّرِيهِ عَشْرًا ثُمَّ سَلِيهِ حَاجَتَكِ يَقُلْ نَعَمْ نَعَمْ‏”‏ ‏.‏(سنن النسائي، 1299)

It was narrated that Anas b. Mālik (رضي الله عنه) said: “Umm Sulaim came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach me some words that I may supplicate with in my prayer [salāt].’ He (ﷺ) said: ‘Glorify Allah (by saying subhāna Llāh) ten times, praise Him (by saying alhamdu li-Lāh) ten times, and magnify Him (by saying Allāhu akbar) ten times, then ask Him for what you need and you will be answered with: ‘Yes, Yes’ (i.e. it is granted, granted).’”—al-Nasā’i, 1299

Imam al-Sha’rānī (رضي الله عنه) has mentioned this prayer in ‘uhūd al-Muhammadiyya as follows:

We took a general covenant with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) to be steadfast upon Salāt al-Tasbīh, because of the mentioned virtues. Acting upon this is specifically for those who are immersed in sins and have lost count of them, the likes of us.

There is another method of Salāt al-Tasbīh, which is not well-known. It has been related by Ahmad, al-Tirmidhī, al-Nasā’ī, Ibn Khuzaima, Ibn Ḥibbān in their Ṣaḥīḥ collections and by Ḥakim … (and he mentions the above ḥadīth).

The Method

  1. Perform 2-rak’a [rak’atain] prayer in the traditional manner with the following intention:

اُصَلِّىْ صَلَاةَ التَّسْبِيْحِ الْمُخْتَصَرِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ لِلّٰهِ تَعَالٰى ، اَللهُ اَكْبَرُ،

I intend to pray 2-rak’a of Ṣalāt al-Tasbīḥ al-Mukhtaṣar for the sake of Allah Most High. Allah is Greater!

  1. After the tashahhud in the 2nd rak’a, recite the following:

سُبْحَانَ الله (؀١٠)، اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰه (؀١٠)، اَللهُ اَڪْبَرْ (؀١٠)

subhāna Llāh (10 times), alhamdu li-Lāh (10 times), Allāhu akbar (10 times).

  1. Then, mention your need to be fulfilled and complete the prayer with taslīm as per normal.

References

  • Sayed, R (2017). The Sacred Months. Sakina, UK.

Salat al-Istikhara al-Yawmiyya

Salāt al-Istikhāra is not restricted to large decisions or specific matters in one’s life. Rather, one may pray it for the smallest everyday decisions and even for a general seeking of all that is best—making it a momentous means of drawing closer to Allah Most High. Some scholars, including Imām ‘Abd al-Wahhāb al-Sha’rānī (رضي الله عنه) and Ibn ‘Arafa (رضي الله عنه) before him, have deemed the istikhāra prayer seeking general guidance in life as being superior.

Many of the righteous perform the istikhāra prayer on a daily basis, seeking blessing in all their affairs of the day and to repel any afflictions. The great Hanafi scholar and hadīth expert from Aleppo, Shaikh ‘Abd Allāh Sirāj al-Dīn (رضي الله عنه) mentions in his book on prayer that it is the way of many Sufis, including Ibn al-‘Arabī (رضي الله عنه), to pray the istikhāra prayer at the beginning of their day, after sunrise, asking Allah to guide them in general to all good and to keep away all evil from them.

The Muhaddith Shah Wali Allāh al-Dehlavi (رضي الله عنه) has related that the practice of the righteous of the Qādiri Sufi path is to perform the istikhāra prayer with the awwābīn prayer after Maghrib. This is done by making the intention that the last 2-rakats of the awwābīn prayer are also the istikhāra prayer. In both rakats, following al-Fātiha they would recite sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ 6-times, sūrat al-Falaq once and sūrat al-Nāss once. On completion of the prayer, the istikhāra supplication is made.

It is also the practice of some of the spiritual masters to perform the istikhāra prayer on yawm al-Jumu’a (Fridays)—with the intention of making istikhāra for the affairs of the week; the first day of the month—with the intention of making istikhāra for the month ahead; Awwal Muḥarram (start of Muḥarram), Nisf Sha’bān (mid-Sha’bān), or yawm al-Īd (Day of Eid)—with the intention of making istikhāra for the whole year.

The Method

  1. Perform 2-rak’a [rak’atain] prayer in the traditional manner with the following intention:

اُصَلِّىْ صَلَاةَ الاِسْتِخَارَةِ الْيَوْمِيَّةِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ لِلّٰهِ تَعَالٰى، اَللهُ اَكْبَرُ،

I intend to pray 2-rak’a of Ṣalāt al-Istikhāra al-Yawmiyya for the sake of Allah Most High. Allah is Greater!

  1. In both rak’a, recite the following after al-Fātiha:

سُوْرَةُ الْاِخْلَاصِ (؀٦)،سُوْرَةُ الْفَلَقِ (؀١)،سُوْرَةُ النَّاسِ (؀١)

sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ (6-times), sūrat al-Falaq (once) and sūrat al-Nāss (once).

  1. On completion, recite the istikhāra supplication.

Success is from Allah and He is the Guide!

References

Days of Allah – Safar Al-Muzaffar

Day Name Resting Abode
1 ‘Urs Ahmad b. Muhammad Salih al-Rifa’i al-Habbal
Bio 1 | Bio 2
Damascus, SY
‘Urs Daud Shamsuddin b. Haji Omar al-Libadi urf Haji Daud Bukit Abal
Bio
Kelantan, MY
2 ‘Urs Shah Yakeek b. Shah Sharafuddin al-Bukhari
Bio
Jamali Town, Sindh, PK
3 ‘Urs Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad Al-Hakim Al-Naysaburi
Bio
Nishapur,
‘Urs Khwaja Dana Jamaluddin Badshah
Bio | Tomb | Video
Surat, IN
4 ‘Urs Yahya Pasha b. Muhammad Siddiq Mahbub Allah
Bio  His Dargah (Scroll)  FaceBook
Misri Gunj, Hyderabad, IN
‘Urs Sidi Al-Buzidi Al-Bujrafi
Bio | Wiki
Nador, MA
5 ‘Urs Ummu-l Mu’minin Maymuna b. Harith
Bio
Saraf, Al-Hijaz
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Yaqub Charkhi
BioWiki
Gulistan, Dushanbe, TJ
‘’ ‘Urs Madihu-r Rasul Sadaqatu-Llah b. Sulaiman al-Shafi’i al-Qadiri – Bio Kilakkarai, TN, IN
6 ‘Urs Syed Misri Shah Imam Rizvi
About  Wiki  His Tomb   FaceBook
Nasarpur, Sindh, PK
7 ‘Urs Abu Muhammad Baha’u-d Din Zakariyya Multani
Bio
Multan, PK
‘’ ‘Urs Pir Pathan Muhammad Suleman Taunsvi
Wiki  Bio
Taunsa, Punjab, PK
8 ‘Urs Burhanuddin Auliya Gharib
Bio
 (p. 20)
Khuldabad, IN
‘Urs Sayyid ‘Umar b. Ahmad b. Sumait
Bio
Comoros Islands
‘’ ‘Urs Deewana Shah ‘Abdur Razzaq
Dargah Complex
Kapasan, IN
9 ‘Urs Companion Ammar b. Yasir
Bio
Al-Raqqah, SY
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Sayyid Shah Amir Abul ‘Ula’i
Bio  FaceBook
Agra, IN
10 ‘Urs Abu al-Thana Mahmud b. Uthman al-Na”al al-Azaji
Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 490)
Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Muhammad Muqtada Nizami Niyazi Chishti
Google+ | FaceBook
Astana-e Niaziya, Multan, PK
11 ‘Urs Abul Mawahib Abd al-Wahhab al-Tazi al-Fasi
Bio (author of Salat al-Nariyya)
Bab al-Futuh, MA
‘Urs Mufassir-e-Azam Muhammad Ibrahim Raza Khan urf Jilani Mia – Bio Bareilly, IN
12 ‘Urs ‘Abdullah ad-Dehlawi
Bio
Delhi, IN
‘Urs Yasin Maulana
Abdal of Nagore
Nagore, TN, IN
13 ‘Urs Muhaddith Abu Abdu-r Rahman Ahmad b. Shu’aib al-Nasa’i – Bio 1 | Bio 2 Damascus, SY
‘’ ‘Urs * Ahmad Abdul Qadir b. Shahul Hamid al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi
Bio
Kilakkarai, IN
14 ‘Urs Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki
Bhit Shah, Sindh, PK
‘Urs Taika Sahib Abdul Qadir b. Umar al-Qahiri
Bio
Kayalpatnam, IN
15 ‘Urs Ghulam Nasiruddin Mahmud Kale Miyan
Bio
Delhi, IN
16 ‘Urs Arshad al-Qadri
Bio 1 | Bio 2
Bihar, IN
17 ‘Urs Shah Inayatullah urf Shah Inayat Shaheed
Wiki
Jhoke, PK
‘Urs Muhammad Qassim al-‘Alawi [2 Jun 1999]
Bio
Birmingham, GB
18 ‘Urs ‘Abdullah b. Muhyuddin ‘Abdul Qadir al-Jilani
Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 184)
Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Khadimu-r Rasul Amadou Bamba Mbàkke
WikiHis Mosque
Touba, SN
‘’ ‘Urs Rashid al-Hasan Jili Kalimi
Bio 1Teachings
Lahore, PK
19 ‘Urs Data Ganj Baksh ‘Ali b. Uthman al-Jullabi al-Hujwiri
Bio 1Bio 2
Lahore, PK
10/19 ‘Urs Mir Sayyid Ahmad Kalpwi
Bio
Kâlpi Sharif, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Tawakkal Mastan Suhrawardi
Wiki | Location | The Dargah | Video
Bangalore, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Nasirullah Shah
Bio
Tandur, AP, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Salam b. ‘Abdullah
Bio
Mehndipattinam, AP, IN
20 ‘Urs Baba Salahuddin
Bio
Kotri, Sindh, PK
21 ‘Urs Shah Muhammad Badakhshi – Bio | His influence | Famous murid | Famous murida | Wiki Lahore, PK
‘Urs Abul Qasim Khorasani Naqshbandi
[Sufis of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, v.2, p.25]
Goalpara, Assam, IN
‘Urs Syed Zahoor Shah
Bio
Riche Terre, MU
22 ‘Urs Moulay Abu Abdullah Muhammad al-Arabi al-Darqawi
Bio | His Letters | Bio (French) | Wiki
Beni Brih, Rif, MA
‘Urs Khwaja Nasiruddin Thani Mahmud urf Rajan b. ‘Ilmuddin Chishti
Bio 1 | Bio 2
Piran Patan, GJ, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Abdullah Dehlavi urf Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
BioWiki
Delhi, IN
23 ‘Urs Makhdum Shah Mina b. Qutb
Bio
Lucknow, IN
‘Urs Khwaja Abul Qasim Gurgani
BioWiki
Gurgan, IR
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad Taha b. Muhammad Fadhlullah al-Suhaimi
Bio
Singapore, SG
‘’ ‘Urs Sharif Muhammad b. Sa’id al-Bid
Bio
Mambrui, KE
24 ‘Urs Muhammad al-Baqqali
Bio
Tangier, MA
25 ‘Urs A’la Hazrat Abu Hâmid Shah Ahmad Raza Khan
Bio 1 | Bio 2
Bareilly, IN
26 ‘Urs Sayyid Malik b. al-Arabi al-Sanusi
Bio
Madinatu-l Munawwara
‘Urs Khwaja ‘Ilmuddin Muhammad b. Sirajuddin Chishti
Bio 1 | Bio 2
Piran Patan, GJ, IN
‘Urs Sayyid Hasan b. Sayyid Musa al-Jilani
Bio
Baghdad, IQ
27 ‘Urs Khwaja ‘Abdul Wahid b. Zaid
Bio
Makkatu-l Mukarrama
‘’ ‘Urs Sultan Salahuddin al-Ayyubi
Bio
Damascus, SY
‘’ ‘Urs (Mohammed) Marmaduke Pickthall [19 May 1936]
Wiki
Brookwood, GB
28 ‘Urs Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali
Bio
Madinatu-l Munawwara
‘’ ‘Urs Mujaddid alf Thani Ahmad al-Faruqi al-Sirhindi
Bio | Wiki
Punjab, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Abu Yusuf Yahya b. Mahmud Chishti
Bio 1  Bio 2
Madinatu-l Munawwara
29 ‘Urs Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah
Bio | His famous poem
Golra Sharif, PK
30 ‘Urs Sayyid Jamalu-Llah (Jamalu-l Awliya)
Bio (Urdu)
Rampur, IN
‘Urs Makhdum Bilawal b. Jam Hassan Samo
Wiki
Baghban, PK

Last Wednesday of Safar
Kanzu-n Najah wa-s Surur |
Mandi Safar (Far East) | Odukathu Putan (South India)

* Masters of the ‘Arusiyyah branch of the Qadiriyyah way of Islamic Spirituality

DISCLAIMER: Please note that links to external websites are provided only for reference purposes. TAQWA (Singapore) is neither responsible for their content nor adhere to views expressed therein which may be contrary to our ethos and beliefs.

Saints of Singapore

Note: this article is a work-in-progress. Please do bookmark this page and return periodically to check for updates.

Saints in Islam are known by the Koranic term Awliya’ Allah or “friends of God”. Allah Most High emphatically declares in the Koran:

أَلَا إِنَّ أَوْلِيَاءَ اللَّهِ لَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ – الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ – لَهُمُ الْبُشْرَىٰ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ ۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ –

Behold! verily on the friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve; Those who believe and (constantly) guard against evil;- For them are glad tidings, in the life of the present and in the Hereafter; no change can there be in the words of Allah. This is indeed the supreme felicity. [10:62-64]

The Prophet (ﷺ) further described and gave glad tidings to the saints when he said:

حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَعُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ الْقَعْقَاعِ، عَنْ أَبِي زُرْعَةَ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ جَرِيرٍ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّ مِنْ عِبَادِ اللَّهِ لأُنَاسًا مَا هُمْ بِأَنْبِيَاءَ وَلاَ شُهَدَاءَ يَغْبِطُهُمُ الأَنْبِيَاءُ وَالشُّهَدَاءُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ بِمَكَانِهِمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ تُخْبِرُنَا مَنْ هُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ هُمْ قَوْمٌ تَحَابُّوا بِرُوحِ اللَّهِ عَلَى غَيْرِ أَرْحَامٍ بَيْنَهُمْ وَلاَ أَمْوَالٍ يَتَعَاطَوْنَهَا فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ وُجُوهَهُمْ لَنُورٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ عَلَى نُورٍ لاَ يَخَافُونَ إِذَا خَافَ النَّاسُ وَلاَ يَحْزَنُونَ إِذَا حَزِنَ النَّاسُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَقَرَأَ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ ‏{‏ أَلاَ إِنَّ أَوْلِيَاءَ اللَّهِ لاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ ‏}‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: reported the Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: “There are people from the servants of Allah who are neither prophets nor martyrs; the prophets and martyrs will envy them on the Day of Resurrection for their rank from Allah, the Most High.”

They (the people) asked: “Tell us, Messenger of Allah, who are they?” He replied: “They are people who love one another for the spirit of Allah (i.e. the Qur’an), without having any mutual kinship and giving property to one. I swear by Allah, their faces will glow and they will be (sitting) in (pulpits of) light. They will have no fear (on the Day) when the people will have fear, and they will not grieve when the people will grieve.

He then recited the following Qur’anic verse: “Behold! Verily for the friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve.” [Sunan Abi Dawud 3527]

There is no canonisation in the Islamic tradition i.e. there is no formal process to recognise a saint. Rather, what we have are signs to identify a saint. Of these, there is one defining characteristic that the Prophet (ﷺ) has taught us to look for:

حَدَّثَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سُلَيْمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ خُثَيْمٍ، عَنْ شَهْرِ بْنِ حَوْشَبٍ، عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتِ يَزِيدَ، أَنَّهَا سَمِعَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏”‏ أَلاَ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِخِيَارِكُمْ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ خِيَارُكُمُ الَّذِينَ إِذَا رُءُوا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Asma’ bint Yazid that she heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: “Shall I not tell you of the best of you?” They said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He said: “The best of you are those who, when they are seen, Allah the Mighty, the Majestic, is remembered.” [Ibn Majah Book 37, Hadith 4258]

In other words, if in the presence of someone you find your heart burning with the love of Allah Most High or even being reminded of His Essence, Attributes and Actions such that it engulfs your inner core with a sense of reverential awe for the Transcendent Lord, then know fully well that he/she is a saint. And Allah and His Messenger know best.

Saints in Singapore

(click on top-right icon to view map in full screen)

Ancient Temasek, historic Singha Pura and modern Singapore have all been the home and transit point of innumerable Saints of Islam who came for trade and missionary activities here and in the region. Their piety, honesty, outpouring of love, knowledge of the Divine, ability to cure and miracle-working left an indelible impression on the local populace. So much so, the graves of many of these holy personages were singled out for posterity.

Over time, tombs and shrine complexes were built around many of them to facilitate visitation [ziyara]. Even as late as post-independence, the island was dotted with Muslim shrines that were known as “keramat” or “maqam”. They welcomed visitors of all stature and religion in their droves; providing refuge to the poor and needy, solace to the troubled and distressed, and divine openings to dervishes and those spiritually inclined.

Apart from a few notable ones, most of these shrines have made way in the name of progress and eradicating superstition. The graves therein have been exhumed and reinterred at the Choa Chu Kang Muslim cemetery. A rising tide of puritanism and a general ignorance of history have resulted in these saintly souls being slowly, but surely, forgotten by many Muslims of Singapore, much to our detriment.

It is our hope at TAQWA.sg that our feeble attempt to record the final resting abodes of some of the pious men and women would help create a Ziyara Heritage Trail, inspire people to visit them, and remember them in their prayers as “mercy descends when the righteous are mentioned and remembered.”

The Saintly List

» Maqam Habib Noh

Address: Masjid Haji Muhammad Salleh, 37 Palmer Road, (S) 079424.

  • Habib Nuh b. Muhammad al-Habashi
  • Habib ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Salim al-Habashi

» Maqam Muhammad Salih

Address: Masjid Jamae Chulia, 218 South Bridge Road, (S) 058767.

  • Sheikh Muhammad Salih

» Keramat Iskander Syah

Address: Lewin Terrace, Fort Canning Hill Park.

  • Sang Nila Utama’s Sheikh
  • Sang Nila Utama

» Keramat Lucky Gardens

Address: Lucky Gardens Cemetery.

  • <Name to be confirmed>

» Keramat Siglap

Address: Off Jalan Sempadan, Siglap.

  • Peghulu Tok Lasam

» Keramat Bukit Kasita

Address: 532 Kampong Bahru Road, (S) 099456.

  • Kyai Haji Abdul Halim Karto

» Maqam Kunj Koya Tangal

Address: Masjid Malabar, 471 Victoria Street, (S) 198370.

  • Habib Muhammad al-Shatiri

» Keramat Radin Mas

Address: 9 Mount Faber Road, (S) 099208.

  • Puteri Radin Mas Ayu al-Shahida
  • Puteri Radin Mas Ayu’s father

» Maqam Syeda Sharifa
(restricted access)

Address: 49 Moonstone Lane, (S) 328477.

  • Syeda Sharifa

» Maqam Sharifah Rogayah

Address: Duxton Plain Park, Keong Saik Road.

  • Sharifa Ruqayya al-Shatiriyya

» Keramat Kusu

Address: 50 Khusu Island, (S) 098065.

  • Syed ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Kaf
  • Nenek Ghalib
  • Puteri Fatima

» Maqam Aljunied

Address: Masjid Omar Kampong Melaka, 10 Keng Chow Street, (S) 059607.

  • Syed ‘Umar b. Al-Junaid

» Maqam Ataullah Effendi

Address: Masjid Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim, 30 Telok Blangah Rd, (S) 098827.

  • Ahmet Ataullah Effendi al-Shahid

» Kubur Kassim

Address: 426 Siglap Road.

  • Khwaja Habib Allah Shah al-Chishti al-Qadiri
  • Sheikh ‘Ali b. Abu Bakr al-Khatib

» Pusara Aman & Pusara Abadi

Address: Pusara Aman Muslim Cemetery, Jalan Bahar.

  • Habib ‘Abd Allah b. Aydarus Ba Rum al-‘Alawi
  • Habib Salim b. Muhammad al-‘Attas
  • Habib A’wad b. Hamid Ba ‘Alawi
  • Habib ‘Abd Allah b. Hasan al-Saqqaf
  • Habib ‘Alawi al-Habashi
  • Habib ‘Abd Allah al-Shatiri
  • Habib Maliki
  • Syed Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Kaf
  • Syed ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Ahmad al-Kaf
  • Syed ‘Umar b. al-Junaid
  • Syed ‘Abd Allah Ba al-Faqih
  • Syed ‘Abd Allah b. Ahmad al-Jufri
  • Sheikh ‘Umar b. ‘Abd Allah Ba Gharib al-Qadiri
  • Sheikh Zakariya b. ‘Umar Ba Gharib al-Naqshbandi
  • Sheikh Babu Sahib Muhammad Muhy al-Din al-Qadiri
  • Sheikh ‘Umar b. ‘Abd Allah al-Khatib
  • Sheikh Muhammad Fadl Allah al-Suhaimi
  • Sheikh Muhammad Taha b. Muhammad Fadl Allah al-Suhaimi
  • Sheikh Ahmad Zuhri al-Qadiri
  • Sheikh Muhammad Hasan Ash’ari b. Mustafa al-Bakri
  • Khwaja Kalim Allah Shah Muhammad Ibrahim al-Chishti al-Qadiri
  • Ustadh Pir Muhammad b. Sini Rawthar al-Lughawi
  • Ustadh Ahmad Sonhadji b. Muhammad Millatu al-Mufassir

» Exhumed & Reinterred

  • Syed Ismail @ Syed Ahmad b. Abd Allah al-Juni
    Originally interred at: 8th mile stone, Bukit Timah Road
  • Syed Muhsin/Husain al-‘Attas (name to be confirmed)
    Originally interred at: Lorong 40 Geylang
  • al-Imam al-Faqih Haji ‘Abd al-Jalil (d. 1827)
    Originally interred at: courtyard entered from Arab St, between Victoria St and North Bridge Rd
  • Syed Mustafa al-‘AydarusBismillah Wali
    Originally interred at: Chai Chee (Uttamram Hill)
  • Muhammad Bakr Shah & Jamman Shah
    Originally interred at: 31 Rangoon Road
  • Syed Husain and Syed Muhammad
    Originally interred at: Keramat Panjang, 14 Ringwood Road, Katong
  • Saints of al-Qadiri and al-‘Aydarus families
    Originally interred at: Maqam Kallang
  • Sharifa Khadija
    Originally interred at: Keramat Katijah, Lorong 40 Geylang
  • Siti Amina
    Originally interred at: compound of Paya Lebar Police Station
  • Siti Mariam
    Originally interred at: compound of Rumah Miskin Police Station
  • Siti Zainab
    Originally interred at: Thomson Road
  • Siti Aisha
    Originally interred at: Ama Keng Village

» To be verified

  • Maulana Abdur Rahman (d. 1822)
    Originally interred at: unknown
  • Shafie al-Quaurawani (d. 1837)
    Originally interred at: unknown
  • Sheikh Daud al-Ishtakhari (d. 1839)
    Originally interred at: unknown
  • Sheikh Yusuf al-Basri (d. 1852)
    Originally interred at: unknown
  • Sheikh Sulaiman al-Kazaruni (d. 1855)
    Originally interred at: unknown
  • Sheikh Abdur Rahman al-Ajjuri (d. 1860)
    Originally interred at: unknown
  • Keramat at Istana ground

» Addendum: Honorary Mention

  • Syed ‘Abd al-Qadir Shah al-Hamid b. Hasan Quddus al-Naguri
    Nagore Dargah Memorial at Boon Tat Street
  • Sheikh Muhammad ‘Abd al-Alim al-Siddiqi al-Qadiri
    Masjid Abdul Aleem Siddique at Lorong K Telok Kurau
  • Khwaja Nur Allah al-Mustafa Abu Bakr b. ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Chishti al-Qadiri
    Former Imam at Masjid Malabar

Supplication [du’a]

We seek the pleasure [rida], divine mercy [rahma] and perpetual blessing [baraka] of Allah Most High upon the Saints of Singapore and all who tread the path they have laid.

May this island and her inhabitants be forever protected and grow from strength-to-strength by virtue of these friends of Allah Most High who were inspired by the final revelation [al-Qur’an] and the prophetic example [al-Sunna] of the paragon of creation, Muhammad (ﷺ).

Related Article(s)

(Some) Sources