Last Wednesday of Safar

إِنَّ وَلِيِّيَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ وَهُوَ يَتَوَلَّى الصَّالِحِينَ

“Indeed, my protector is Allah, who has sent down the Book; and He is an ally to the righteous.” (7:196)

From amongst the traditional practices of the Ahlu-s Sunnah wa-l Jama’a is observing the last Wednesday of Safar with voluntary acts of worship. This is done at the behest of some later righteous [salihin] and Gnostics [‘arifin] who have stated that Allah sends down the trials and tribulations that will occur throughout the year on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar.

Amongst those who have written or spoken on this matter are:

  • Muhammad Ghawth Gwaliyari
  • Ahmad b. Ali al-Buni
  • Fariduddin Masud Ganjshakar
  • Ahmad b. Umar al-Dairabi
  • Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Tijani
  • Abd al-Hamid b. Muhammad ‘Ali Quds

From their experiential knowledge and insight, they have also said that those trials and tribulations are spread out accordingly and apportioned to specific people. It is for this reason that many scholars [‘ulama] and sages [masha’ikh] deem it beneficial to engage in supererogatory acts of devotion on the day seeking Allah’s Mercy and Gentleness to avoid being apportioned any trial or tribulation.

Shaikhuna Thaika Shuaib, in keeping with the teachings of our Masha’ikh, recommends performing the following 3 devotional acts on the last Wednesday of Safar:

1. Surah Yasin

It is advised to recite the Surah known as the heart of the Qur’an (i.e. Surah Yasin) on the night (i.e. Tuesday evening) or day of the last Wednesday of Safar. On reaching verse 58, repeat it 313 times:

{سلامٌ قولاً من ربٍّ رحيم}
salâmun qawla-m mi-r Rabbi-r Rahîm
“‘Peace!’ – a word (of salutation) from a Lord Most Merciful!”

After completing the recitation, make this supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَاةً تُنْجِـيْنَا بِهَا مِنْ جَمِيْعِ الأَهْوَالِ وَالْآفَاتِ، وَتَقْضِي لَنَا بِهَا جَمِيْعِ الْحَاجَات، وَتُطَهِّرُنَا بِهَا مِنْ جَمِيْعِ السَّيِّئَات، وَتَرْفَعُنَا بِهَا أَعْلَى الدَّرَجَات، وَتُبَلِّغُنَا بِهَا أَقْصَى الْغَايَات، مِنْ جَمِيْعِ الْخَيْرَات، فِي الْحَيَاةِ وَبَعْدَ الْمَمَات. (اَللّٰهُمَّ) اصْرِفْ عَنَّا شَرَّ مَا يَنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، وَمَا يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ، إِنَّكَ عَلٰى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْر، وَصَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالَى عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ،

(Allâhuma) salli ‘alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin salâtan tunjînâ bihâ min jamî’ al-ahwâli wa al-âfât, wa taqdî lanâ bihâ jamî’ al-hâjât, wa tutahirrunâ bihâ min jamî’ al-sayyi’ât, wa tarfa’unâ bihâ a’la ad-darajât, wa tuballighunâ bihâ aqsa al-ghâyât, min jamî’ al-khayrât, fi al-hayâti wa ba’ad al mamât.

(Allâhuma) isrif ‘annâ sharra mâ yanzilu min al-samâ, wa ma yakhruju min al-ard, innaka ‘alâ kulli shayy’in qadîr, wa salla Allâhu ta’alâ ‘alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim.

“(O Allah) send mercy upon our Master Muhammad, a [prayer of] mercy with which You save us from all threats and calamities, and by it [the prayer for mercy] You fulfil all our needs, and You purify us from the entirety of our sins, and You raise us by it to the highest levels, and You allow us to reach our greatest aspirations, in this life and after death.

(O Allah) avert from us the evil that descends from the heavens, and from [the evil] the comes from the earth – indeed, You are in power over all things. And may Allah send His Mercy upon our Master Muhammad, his Family, and Companions.”

(translation by Ustaz Amjid Tarsin)

وذكر بعض الصالحين أنّ آخر أربعاء في صفر يوم نَحْس مستمر(1) فيستحب أن يقرأ فيه سورة يس، فإذا وصل إلى قوله تعالى: (سلامٌ قولاً من رب رحيم) يكررها (ثلاثمائة وثلاث عشرة مرة)، ثم يدعو فيقول: (اللهم) صلّ على سيدنا محمد صلاة تنجينا بها من جميع الأهوال والآفات، وتقضي لنا بها جميع الحاجات، وتطهّرنا بها من جميع السيئات وترفعنا بها أعلى الدرجات، وتبلغنا بها أقصى الغايات جميع الخيرات في الحياة وبعد الممات. ثم يقول: (اللهم) اصرف عنّا شرَّ ما ينْزل من السماء، وما يخرج من الأرض، إنك على كل شيء قديرٌ، وصلى الله تعالى على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم. ثم يدعو بالمهمّ دنيا وأخرى ويسأل الله تعالى العافية والسلامة. (1) فيه ما سيأتي في الرسالة فانظره. اهـ منه.

2. Salat al-Istikhara ma’a al-Hifz

After sunrise on the last Wednesday of Safar, it is meritorious to pray 4-cycles [raka’at] of prayer with the intention [niyyat] of seeking goodness [istikhara] and protection [hifz]. In each cycle, after Surah al-Fatiha, recite the following:

  • Surah al-Kawthar (Chapter 108) – 17 times,
  • Surah al-Ikhlas (Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad – Chapter 112) – 5 times,
  • Surah al-Falaq (Chapter 113) – once, and
  • Surah al-Naas (Chapter 114) – once.

Note: recite all 4 Surahs in all 4 Rakats.

After completing the prayer, make this supplication:

بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ، وَصَلَّى اللّهُ تَعَالَى عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ، (اللّهُمَّ) يَا شَدِيْدَ الْقُوَّى، وَيَا شَدِيْدَ الْمِحَالِ، يَا عَزِيْزُ ذَلَّتْ لِعِزَّتِكَ جَمِيْعِ خَلْقِكَ، اِكْفِنِيْ مِنْ جَمِيْعِ خَلْقِكَ، يَا مُحْسِنُ يَا مُجَمِّلُ، يَا مُتَفَضِّلُ، يَا مُنْعِمُ، يَا مُكْرِمُ، يَا مَنْ لَآ اِلَهَ اِلَّا اَنْتَ، بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِيْنَ، اَللَّهُمَّ بِسِرِّ الْحَسَنِ وَاَخِيْهِ، وَجَدِّهِ وَاَبِيْهِ، اِكْفِنِيْ شَرَّ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَمَا يُنْزِلُ فِيْهِ، يَا كَافِيْ {فَسَيَكْفِيْكَهُمُ اللّهُ وَهُوَالسَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ}، وَحَسْبُنَا اللّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيْلُ، وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيْمِ، وَصَلَّى اللّهُ تَعَالَى عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ

bismillâhi ar-Rahmân ar-Rahîm, wa salla Allâhu ta’âlâ ‘alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim. {Allâhuma} yâ Shadîd al-Quwwa, wa yâ Shadîd al-Mihâl, ya ‘Azîzu dhallat li ‘izzatika jamî’ khalqik; ikfinî min jamî’i khalqik, yâ Muhsin, yâ Mujammil, yâ Mutafaddil, yâ Mun’im, yâ Mukrim, yâ man lâ ilâha illâ Anta, bi rahmatika yâ Arham ar-Râhimîn.

{Allâhuma} bi sirri al-Hasan wa Akhîh, wa Jaddihi wa Abîh, ikfinî sharra hâdha al-yaum wa ma yunzilu fîh, yâ Kâfi. {Fasa yakfîkahumu Allâhu wa Huwa As-Samî’u Al-‘Alîm}. Wa Hasbunal Allâhu wa ni’am al wakeel, wa lâ hawla wa lâ quwwata illâ billâhi al-‘Alî, al-‘Adhîm, wa salla Allâhu ta’âlâ ‘alâ Sayyidnâ Muhammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim.

“In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. May the peace and mercy of Allah the Exalted be upon our Master Muhammad, and upon his Family and Companions. (O Allah) the One of Intense Power, the One of Intense Perspicacity. O Glorious One, Your entire creation is humbled before your Might – protect me from your entire creation, O Charitable One, O Beautifier, O Gracious One, O Giver of Blessing, O Generous One – there is no god except You, we ask your Mercy, of Most Merciful.

(O Allah) by the secret [blessing you have given] Al-Hasan, his brother [Husayn], his grandfather [may the peace and mercy of Allah be upon him!], his father [Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him] – protect us from the evil of this day and from what descends on this day, O Sufficient Protector! {Allah will suffice you against them, He is the All-Seeing, All-Knowing}. Allah is sufficient for us, and He is the best disposer of affairs, and there is no might or power except Allah’s, the Exalted, the Mighty. And may the peace and mercy of Allah be upon our Master Muhammad, his Family, and Companions.”

(translation by Ustaz Amjid Tarsin)

ذكر بعض العارفين من أهل الكشف والتمكين أنه ينزل في كل سنة ثلاثمائة ألف بليَّة وعشرون ألفًا من البليات، وكل ذلك في يوم الأربعاء الأخير من صفر؛ فيكون ذلك اليوم أصعب أيام السنة؛ فمن صلّى في ذلك اليوم أربع ركعات، يقرأ في كل ركعة منها بعد الفاتحة سورة (إنا أعطيناك الكوثر) سبع عشرة مرة والإخلاص خمس مرات، والمعوّذتين مرة مرة، ويدعو بعد السلام بهذا الدعاء حفظه الله تعالى بكرمه من جميع البلايا التي تنزل في ذلك اليوم، ولم تحم حوله بلية من تلك البلايا إلى تمام السنة والدعاء المعظم هو: (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. وصلى الله تعالى على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم، (اللهم) يا شديدَ القوَى، ويا شديدَ المحال، يا عزيزُ ذلّت لعزَّتك جميعُ خلقك، اكفني من جميع خلقك، يا محسنُ يا مجمل، يا متفضل، يا منعمُ يا مكرِمُ، يا من لا إله إلا أنت برحمتك يا أرحم الراحمين، (اللهم) بسرّ الحسن وأخيه، وجدِّه وأبيه، اكفني شرّ هذا اليوم وما ينزل فيه يا كافي، فسيكفيكهم الله وهو السميع العليم، وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل، ولا حولَ ولا قوّة إلا بالله العليّ العظيم، وصلى الله تعالى على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم). انتهى.

3. Ayat al-Munjiyat wa al-Hifz

It is recommended that the following 7 verses of the Qur’an (a) be written on a china plate or leaf with edible ink, (b) then dissolved in water, and (c) the resulting consecrated water drunk. If this is not feasible, then one should at least recite the verses into a bottle or cup of water and drink it. This is a tried and tested armour of protection against the descending trials and tribulations of the day.

Important note: some people pour the holy water with the dissolved verses over their heads or shower with it. This should NOT be practised as the holy water will fall on one’s feet and to the ground.

The 7 verses of the Qur’an are:

  • سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ
    “‘Peace,’ a word from the Lord of Mercy.” (36:58)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ نُوحٍ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ
    “Peace be upon Noah among all the nations!” (37:79)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ
    “Peace be upon Abraham!” (37:109)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ
    “Peace be upon Moses and Aaron!” (37:120)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِلْ يَاسِينَ
    “Peace be to Elijah!” (37:130)
  • سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ
    “Peace be upon you. You have been good. Come in: you are here to stay.” (39:73)
  • سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
    “Peace it is until the rising of the dawn.” (97:05)

After drinking the water, make this supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اعْصِمْنَا مِنْ جَهْدِ الْبَلَآءِ، وَدَرْكِ الشَّقَآءِ، وَسُوْءِ الْقَضَآءِ، وَشَمَاتَةِ الْاَعْدَآءِ، وَمَلْجُوْمِ الْوَبَآءِ، وَمَوْتِ فُجَاءَةٍ، وَمِنْ زَوَالِ الْبَرَكَةِ وَالنِّعْمَةِ وَالْبَرَصِ وَالْجُذَامِ وَالْجُبْنِ وَالْبَرْصَامِ وَالْحُمّٰى وَالشَّقِيْقَةِ، وَمِنْ جَمِيْعِ الْاَمْرَاضِ وَالْاَسْقَامِ، بِفَضْلِكَ وَجُوْدِكَ يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْاِكْرَامِ، بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِيْنَ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى اٰلِهِ وَاَصْحَابِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ، اٰمِيْنَ،

“O Allah, protect us from the pangs of tribulations, from being overtaken by misfortune, from an evil destiny, from the gloating of enemies, and from all illness and diseases. By Your favour and grace, O Possessor of Majesty and Bounty. By Your mercy, O Quintessence of Mercy. Blessings and peace be upon our liege Muhammad, his family and companions. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Amin!”

ومن المجربات لدفع البلايا والحفظ منه كتبُ هذه الآيات ومحوُها، وشرب مائها، قال في نعت البدايات: ويروى أن من صلى الأربع الركعات المتقدمة، ودعا بالدعاء المتقدم أيضا وهو: (اللهم) يا شديد القوَى…إلخ. وكتب بعد ذلك هذه الآيات وغسلها بالماء، وشرب منه أمِنَ مما ينزل من البلاء في ذلك النهار إلى تمام العام. والآيات هي هذه: (سلام قولاً من رب رحيم. سلامٌ على نوح في العالمين. سلام على إبراهيم. سلام على موسى وهارون. سلام على إلياسين. سلام عليكم طبتم فادخلوها خالدين. من كل أمر سلام هي حتى مطلع الفجر). قلت: وهذه الرواية هي التي كان يفعلها شيخنا رضي الله تعالى عنه وهي أحسن؛ لعموم النفع بها للصبيان والنسوان والعبيد، ونحو ذلك ممن لا يقدر على فعل شيء مما تقدم.

Afterword

As has been made clear in the opening paragraphs, observing the last Wednesday of Safar with voluntary acts of worship has been handed down to us from later scholars of the Sunni tradition. There is no obligation to follow them. Therefore, those who observe the day should not be rebuked and those who disregard the day are not to be censured.

Success is from Allah alone and He is the Guide!

Share

Al-Haqiqah Al-Muhammadiyyah

In the introduction to his sublime work, “Kitâb Sirru-l Asrâr wa Mazharu-l Anwâr” (The Book of the Secret of Secrets and the Manifestation of Lights), our master and guide, the Lordly Cardinal Pole [qutbu-r rabbâni], Muhyi-d Din ‘Abdu-l Qâdir al-Jilani (may Allah sanctify his secret), writes the following about the beginning of creation [ibtidâ’u-l khalq]:

You should know – may Allah enable you to achieve what is clear and pleasing to Him! – that Allah (Exalted is He) first created the spirit of Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) from the Light of His Beauty. As Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) has told us:

“I created the spirit of Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) from the Light of My Countenance.” [Hadith Qudsi]

As the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) has said:

“The first thing that Allah created was my spirit [ruh]. The first thing that Allah created was my light [nur]. The first thing that Allah created was the Pen [qalam]. The first thing that Allah created was the intellect [‘aql].”

This means that they are all one thing, that being the Muhammadan Reality [al-Haqiqatu-l Muhammadiyyah], but it is called a “light [nur]” because it is pure and unclouded by the darkness of Majesty. As Allah (Blessed and Exalted is He) has said:

“There has now come to you from Allah a Light, and a Clear Book.” [Al-Qur’an 5:15]

It is also called an “intellect [‘aql]”, because it comprehends universal truths [kulliyyat]. It is also called a “pen [qalam]”, because it is an instrument for the transmission of knowledge, just as the pen is an instrument in the realm of letters (of the alphabet).

The Muhammadan spirit is thus the quintessence of all entities, the first of all beings, and the origin of them all. As he has said (blessing and peace be upon him):

“I am from Allah and the believers are from me.”

— Al-Jilani, A. The Book of the Secret of Secrets  (Kitab Sirr Al-Asrar). Trans. Muhtar Holland. Florida: Al-Baz Publishing, 2000.

Further Reading [External Links]

Haqiqat Al-Muhammadiyya

Share

Jihad – A Sacred Struggle

The term Jihad, etymologically derived from the word “mujahada“, is primarily used in contemporary discourse to describe martial resistance. This is an unfortunate post-modern phenomenon, for Jihad as “holy war” – while being a valid part of the Islamic tradition in the face of persecution, oppression and foreign aggression – is but one aspect of this panoptic term.

Even then, the use of the term in martial struggle has been usurped unceremoniously by those who have gone beyond the acceptable remit of Prophetic example [sunnah] and the parameters of the Islamic legal code [shar’i]. We disassociate ourselves from such methodologically-challenged-extremists who are far from the teachings of the Islamic faith and code of conduct.

The people of spiritual excellence [ihsan] have always been at the forefront to set things right in moments of difficulty. In this regard, we turn to the Sultan of the Saints,  Sayyidina-sh Shaikh Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir al-Jilani (may Allah be well pleased with him and perfume his resting abode), for direction and clarity in these times of dismay and confusion. We let the master’s blessed words speak for themselves:

The Qur’anic guidance on this matter is contained in the following revelation:

And as for those who strive in Our cause [jâhadû fî-nâ], surely We shall guide them in Our ways. [29:69]

The Prophet of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace), on returning from the military expedition of Tabuk, said:

We have come home from the lesser holy war [al-jihad al-asghar] to fight the greater holy war [al-jihad al-akbar].

What he (Allah bless him and give him peace) meant by “the greater holy war” was the struggle with

  • the accursed Satan,
  • the lower self, and
  • passionate desire

[mujahadatu-sh shaitan wa-n nafs wa-l hawa]. He referred to it in such a manner because of its constant duration, the extent of the exertion it demands, the danger it entails, and the fear that it might turn out badly at the very end. We seek refuge in Allah from such a calamitous end!

The struggle with the accursed Satan is an inner struggle [mujahada batina] for it is waged by

  • the heart,
  • the core of one’s being, and
  • faith

[bi-l qalb wa-l janan wa-l iman]. Therefore, when you struggle with him, your succour and support is the Universally Merciful [ar-rahman], your mainstay is the Mightiest King and Fairest Judge [al-malik ad-dayyan], and your hope is the beatific vision of the Countenance of the Majestic Benefactor [al-jalil al-mannan].

The “lesser holy war” is the outer battle [jihad az-zahir] with the sword and the spear, in which your support is provided by the worldly ruler and the armed forces, and in which your hope is to enter the Gardens of Paradise. If you are killed in the struggle, your reward will be life everlasting in the abode of perpetuity, Allah willing!

But if you are slain in the course of waging war on the accursed Satan and while you are committed to opposing his vile schemes, due to the expiration of your appointed term and because your decreed moment to die has arrived, your reward will be the beatific vision of the Countenance of the Lord of All the Worlds at the Meeting.

If you are killed by the enemy in battle, you will be a martyr. But if you are slain by the accursed Devil through following him obediently and carrying out his orders, you will be a pariah [tarid], banished from the intimate proximity of the All-Compelling King [al-malik al-jabbar]. May Allah save us from such a wretched state of being!

The war on the battlefield has a fixed term and there comes a point when it is over. But the struggle against the accursed Devil and the lower self [jihadu-sh shaitan wa-n nafs] is one that has no final end and no point of termination. As Allah (eminent is His Glory) has declared:

And serve your Lord, till Certainty comes to you. [15:99]

That is to say, the “greater holy war” is waged till death arrives and the meeting (with Him) materialises, for worshipful service [ibadat] is performed by opposing the accursed Satan and passionate desires. Failing which, Allah (eminent is His Glory) has ordained:

Then they shall be pitched into it (the Fires of Hell) – they and the perverse, and the hosts of Iblis, all together. [26:94-95]

And Allah is the Guide.

Compiled from the works of Sayyidina-sh Shaikh Muhyiddin ‘Abdul Qadir al-Jilani (may Allah be well pleased with him and perfume his resting abode).

Share

Spiritual Sexuality

Our Grand-Shaikh, Imam al-‘Arus Sayyid Muhammad b. Ahmad Lebbai (may Allah perfume his resting abode), has said the following while discussing the concept of akmalu-sh shuhud (the most perfect perception):

If you want to transform your lawful matrimonial act (sexual intercourse) into the most meritorious spiritual exercise, carefully observe the following points while making union with your lawful wife:

  • You should not be focused on gratifying sexual pleasure alone. Rather, your intent should be aimed at fulfilling your spiritual aspiration, viz., Kulli Juz’i (The divine whole, and the mortal parts).
  • You should not harbour any other thought except the dhikr of the Divine Name “Allah” in your mind. The dhikr of the firm statement “la ilaha illa-Llah” alone has to be in your wife’s mind, perceiving only the Reality.
  • In doing so, your position becomes as if you are the qalam (pen) and she the lawh (tablet), resulting in the production of a copy from the original work called Nur Muhammadiyyah (the Light of Muhammad and its Excellences).

It is only when you follow these instructions that your matrimonial act will amount to following the qualities of the chosen beloved (Allah bless him and give him peace).

This (i.e. spiritual dimension of lawful intercourse) is why the Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) said:

حبب إلي من دنياكم ثلاث النساء والطيب وقرة عيني في الصلوة

There are three things that delight me in your world:
lawful wives, sweet odours and prayers that
give me pleasure and cool my eyes.

— Shu’ayb, T (1993). Arabic Arwi and Persion in Sarandib and Tamil Nadu. 1st ed. Madras: Imamul ‘Arus Trust. 472.

This is a spiritual method/exercise that should be accompanied by the Prophetic guidelines on bedroom relations in relation to the lawful [halal], prohibited [haram], recommended [mandub], and disliked [makruh]. Special attention should be paid to privacy, cleanliness, and the relevant supplications to be uttered at the appropriate moments. These are compiled in the document below:

Invocations & Supplications

Success and guidance is from Allah!

Share

Salat for the Day of Ashura

The importance and special qualities of the Day of Ashura are well-established. What is less known (or forgotten) are prayers associated with the day.

To revive the practice of performing additional prayers during the nights and days of special occasions, we quote the following 3 prayers from Sayyiduna al-Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani’s  al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq.

If one is able to and possesses high spiritual resolve [himma], one may perform all 3 prayers at various times of the night and day of Ashura. Success is from Allah and He is the Guide!

Prayer 1

Transmitted on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with him and his father), Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

If someone performs four cycles of ritual prayer [sallâ arba’a raka’ât] on the day of Ashura—reciting in each cycle the Opening Sura of the Book [fâtihat al-kitâb], one time, and the Sura that begins with “Qul Huwa Llâhu Ahad” [surat al-ikhlâs], fifty times—Allah (Exalted is He) will forgive him the sins of fifty bygone years, and of fifty years that are still in the future. Allah (Exalted is He) will also build for him, in the midst of the Heavenly Host [al-mala’ al-a’lâ], a thousand palaces of light.

Prayer 2

According to another traditional report [hadith] reported by Abu Huraira (may Allah be well pleased with him), the prayer [salât] prescription is as follows:

[The worshipper should perform] four cycles of ritual prayer [arba’a raka’ât], with two salutation [taslimatain], reciting in each cycle:

  • the Opening Sura of the Book [fâtihat al-kitâb], one time.
  • the Sura that begins with “Idhâ zulzilati l-ardu zilzâla-hâ” [surat al-zilzâl], one time.
  • the Sura that begins with “Qul yâ ayyuha l-kâfirun” [surat al-kâfirun], one time.
  • the Sura that begins with “Qul Huwa Llâhu Ahad” [surat al-ikhlâs], one time.

Then, when he has concluded his performance of the ritual prayer, he should invoke blessings upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), seventy times.

Prayer 3 – salât al-khusamâ

The ritual prayer for one’s adversaries in litigation [salât al-khusamâ’] consists of four cycles [arba’a raka’ât], with only one salutation [taslima]. It is performed as follows:

  • In the first cycle, the worshipper must recite the Opening Sura of the Book [fâtihat al-kitâb] (one time) and “Qul Huwa Llâhu Ahad” [surat al-ikhlâs], eleven times.
  • In the second cycle, he must recite the Opening Sura of the Book [fâtihat al-kitâb] (one time), “Qul Huwa Llâhu Ahad” [surat al-ikhlâs], ten times, and “Qul yâ ayyuha l-kâfirun” [surat al-kâfirun], three times.
  • In the third cycle, he must recite the Opening Sura of the Book [fâtihat al-kitâb] (one time), “Qul Huwa Llâhu Ahad” [surat al-ikhlâs], ten times, and “Alhâ-kumu t-takâthuru” [surat at-takâthur], one time.
  • In the fourth cycle, he must recite the Opening Sura of the Book [fâtihat al-kitâb] (one time), “Qul Huwa Llâhu Ahad” [surat al-ikhlâs], fifteen times, and the Verse of the Throne [âyat al-kursi], one time.

Then he must donate the spiritual reward [earned by his performance of this prayer] to his adversaries in litigation [khusamâ], so that Allah may satisfy their claim on the Day of Resurrection [yawm al-qiyamâ], if Allah (Exalted is He) so wills.

He must perform this ritual prayer on seven specific occasions, namely:

  1. on the first night of [the month of] Rajab;
  2. on the night of the middle of [the month of] Sha’ban;
  3. on the last Friday of [the month of] Ramadan;
  4. on the Festival of Fast-break [Eid al-Fitr];
  5. on the Festival of Sacrifice [Eid al-Adha];
  6. on the Day of Arafa;
  7. on the Day of Ashura.

Regarding Virtuous Deeds

Imam al-Nawawi states in his al-Adhkar:

And he whom anything from the virtues of deeds reaches him should perform them, even though only once (in his lifetime) and even if the narration is weak.

In a narration recorded by Al-Hafiz Abu Musa Muhammad b. Bakr b. ‘Isa al-Madani in his book al-Waza’if, on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah:

Whoever, a deed of virtue reaches him from Allah and he acts upon it out of faith and hope in reward, Allah will bestow that upon him, even though it was not like what he thought!

And Allah and His Messenger know best!

Share