Bai’a Notes

The Oath of Allegiance in the ‘Arusi-Qadiri Way

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُبَايِعُونَكَ إِنَّمَا يُبَايِعُونَ اللَّهَ يَدُ اللَّهِ فَوْقَ أَيْدِيهِمْ ۚ فَمَن نَّكَثَ فَإِنَّمَا يَنكُثُ عَلَىٰ نَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَنْ أَوْفَىٰ بِمَا عَاهَدَ عَلَيْهُ اللَّهَ فَسَيُؤْتِيهِ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا – 48:10

“Verily those who swear allegiance unto you (Muhammad), swear allegiance only unto Allah: the Hand of Allah is over their hands: so whosoever violates his oath, does so to the harm of his own soul, while whosoever fulfills his covenant with Allah, on him will He bestow immense reward.” (48:10)

In the spiritual dimension of Islam, the Bai’a (oath of allegiance) is a solemn pact between a Murshid (spiritual guide) and a Murid (spiritual seeker) in which the former or his appointed Khalifa (deputy) takes the latter under his spiritual wings in order to help him or her traverse the Tariqa (spiritual path) to become a Murad (lovingly sought by Allah ﷻ). It is related in a Hadith Qudsi:

حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، سَمِعْتُ أَبَا صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَنَا عِنْدَ ظَنِّ عَبْدِي بِي، وَأَنَا مَعَهُ إِذَا ذَكَرَنِي، فَإِنْ ذَكَرَنِي فِي نَفْسِهِ ذَكَرْتُهُ فِي نَفْسِي، وَإِنْ ذَكَرَنِي فِي مَلأٍ ذَكَرْتُهُ فِي مَلأٍ خَيْرٍ مِنْهُمْ، وَإِنْ تَقَرَّبَ إِلَىَّ بِشِبْرٍ تَقَرَّبْتُ إِلَيْهِ ذِرَاعًا، وَإِنْ تَقَرَّبَ إِلَىَّ ذِرَاعًا تَقَرَّبْتُ إِلَيْهِ بَاعًا، وَإِنْ أَتَانِي يَمْشِي أَتَيْتُهُ هَرْوَلَةً ‏”‏‏.‏ [البخاري ٧٤٠٥]

Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said that Allah said: “I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with him when he makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than it. And if he draws near to Me an arm’s length, I draw near to him a fathom’s length; and if he draws near to Me a fathom’s length, I draw near to him two fathom’s length; and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed.[1]

This mutual relationship is established and governed by binding principles and is not broken unless the Murid leaves the fold of the ahl al-Sunna wa l-Jama’a (people of the Prophetic way and community). Ali Miyan Syed Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadvi has written the following about covenants and oaths of allegiance administered by Sufi spiritual guides:

أن الشيخ عبد القادر الجيلاني فتح باب البيعة والتوبة على مصراعيه، يدخل فيه المسلمون من كل ناحية من نواحي العالم الإسلامي، يجددون العهد والميثاق مع الله، ويعاهدون على ألاَّ يشركوا ولا يكفروا، ولا يفسقوا، ولا يبتدعوا، ولا يظلموا، ولا يستحلوا ما حرم الله، ولا يتركوا ما فرض الله، ولا يتفانوا في الدنيا، ولا يتناسوا الآخرة. وقد دخل في هذا الباب – وقد فتحه الله على يد الشيخ عبد القادر الجيلاني – خلق لا يحصيهم إلا الله، وصلحت أحوالهم، وحسن إسلامهم، وظل الشيخ يربيهم ويحاسبهم، ويشرف عليهم، وعلى تقدمهم، فأصبح هؤلاء التلاميذ الروحيون يشعرون بالمسؤولية بعد البيعة والتوبة وتجديد الإيمان) [أبو الحسن علي الندوي”رجال الفكر والدعوة في الإسلام” ص ٢٤٨]

Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani made wide open the door of covenants and repentance. Muslims from all corners of the Islamic world were coming to renew their covenant with Allah and pledge to not fall into disbelief, criminality, innovation, oppression, or to declare licit what Allah has forbidden, leave off what Allah has ordered, and they pledged that they would not become engrossed in the life of this world and make themselves forget the Hereafter. Many people, whom only Allah can enumerate, entered through this door that Allah opened at the hands of Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, and their spiritual states were rectified and their Islam was made good. The Shaikh continued training them, taking them to account and looking after them and their progress. These students of his became accomplished spiritualists who felt deep responsibility after their covenant, repentance, and renewal of faith.[2]

Shaikhuna Dr Thaika Shuaib says that by taking Baiʿa, one fulfils Koranic injunctions, operationalises Prophetic example and follows the way of his inheritors. It is a means to  Tazkiya (purification of the soul), Ihsan (excellence in worship) and Ma’rifa (realisation of Allah)—the ultimate goal.

He further states that when a Murid puts his hand in the hand of the Shaikh or one of his Khalifas, he (i.e. the Murid) ultimately pledges allegiance to Allah ﷻ, the Prophet ﷺ, Muhyuddin ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (radiya Llahu anhu), and his spiritual ascendants and descendants (radiya Llahu anhum) in our Silsila (chain of transmission).

Conditions of Bai’a

As for the conditions of the Bai’a administered by the ‘Arusi-Qadiri spiritual guides, Shaikhuna Dr Thaika Shuaib lists the following six:

  1. Desist from Sinning and Repent Promptly
    The sincere Murid must be conscious of every thought that occurs in his mind, every word that is spoken from his mouth and every action that is committed by his limbs. No sin is too small. When a sin is committed, one immediately repents to Allah ﷻ and seeks His pardon. In this age, one should be extremely vigilant against sins of the eyes i.e. looking at non-mahram women, be it live or in the media (television, movies, social media and internet). Failure to take heed in this matter will mean being unable to see in dreams the blessed face of Sayyiduna al-Shaikh Muhyuddin ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (radiya Llahu anhu), the beautiful countenance of our Holy Prophet ﷺ, and even Allah ﷻ.
  1. Implement Shari’a (sacred law) and Tariqa (spiritual path) together
    No individual is above the Sharia and the Tariqa is not a cult. The Holy Prophet ﷺ—who is the greatest Shaikh and the highest Sufi—has set the perfect example of combining Shariʿa and Tariqa till his last breadth on earth. They are both like two wings with which the spiritual seekers can reach their Goal—Allah ﷻ. To use another analogy, Tariqa is like a sheltered kernel while Shariʿa is like a shell that keeps it safe and sound. There is no room for a “either-or” discussion. Perhaps the best summation was by Imam Malik b. Anas (radiya Llahu anhu) who said: “Whoever studies fiqh and didn’t study tasawwuf will be corrupted; and whoever studied tasawwuf and didn’t study fiqh will become a heretic; and whoever combined both will be reach the Truth.”
  1. Perform the Wird (litany) and establish the Ratib
    The daily recital of the Wird is the key to maintaining the rabita or “spiritual connection” with the Shaikh and consequently the Tariqa. The daily private litany of the order comprises of 3 recitals that must be recited the stipulated minimum number of times every waking day. As for the Ratib Jalaliyya, it contains the Sirr or “secret” of the ‘Arusi-Qadiri Tariqa and must be established to attain success in one’s Suluk or “spiritual wayfaring”.
  1. Make a small monetary contribution to your local Ratib Majlis for joining the Tariqa
    Begin your spiritual journey with an act of sadaqa or hadya to the local Ratib Majlis convenor. This is so that you may be written down in the Record Books as one who contributed to a Majlis al-Dhikr (gathering of remembrance).
  1. Periodically contribute Tabarruk to your local Ratib Majlis
    Whenever feasible, send whatever food and drinks you can afford to the local Ratib Majlis. Feeding people is an integral part of tasawwuf culture. A pack of biscuits, if that is all you can afford, suffices. In this, it is not the quantity or quality, but the sincerity that matters.
  1. Attend your local Ratib Majlis
    In addition to making an initial monetary and periodic Tabarruk contributions, attending your local Ratib Majlis weekly, bi-weekly or monthly is essential. Suhba (companionship) is a hallmark of the tasawwuf culture and the Ratib Majlis offers this, amongst other benefits.

Taking Bai’a

Those who wish to take Bai’a may contact Shaikh Dr Thaika Shuaib’s deputy for Singapore and Malaysia, Khalifa Mohamed Idris, via email at: khalifa [at] taqwa.sg

Success is from Allah ﷻ and He is the Guide.

Notes

[1] Sahih al-Bukhari 7405 (Book 97, Hadith 34).

[2] Abd al-Qadir, I. and Abdul Aziz, S (translator). (2009). Realities of Sufism [haqa’iq ‘an al-tasawwuf]. Netherlands: Sunni Publications, p.70.

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Optional Worship for Dhu-l Qa’da

Allah Most High has revealed:

“The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)—so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein,”—al-Qu’ran 9:36

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu-l Qa’da, Dhu-l Hijja and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’ban.”—related by Abu Bakra and found in Bukhari

In addition to establishing the sanctity of Dhu-l Qa’da, there are Prophetic narrations that mention the virtues of specific days and nights therein and special acts of optional worship for them. Hajja Durriya mentions these in her work: al-Fawa’id al-Ilahiyya al-Warida ‘an khair al-Bariyya (كتاب الفوائد الإلهية الواردة عن خير البرية). Rizwana Sayed has translated them in her beautiful work: “The Sacred Months – Prayer & Worship for the Special Months”.

May Allah Most High bestow tawfiq to honour these special nights and days and accrue the resultant benefits.

1st Day of Dhu-l Qa’da

It has been related that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came out on the first day of Dhu-l Qa’da and said: “O people! Who among you desires forgiveness?”

We replied: “We desire forgiveness, O Messenger of Allah!”

Then he ﷺ said: “Take a bath, perform ablution and perform four cycles of prayer [rak’at]. In each cycle, recite:

  • al-Fatiha once,
  • qul huwa Llahu ahad thrice, and
  • the 2 refuge-seeking surahs (i.e. surah al-Falaq and surah al-Nass) once each.

Then recite:

  • astaghfiru Llah 70 times,
  • la hawla wa la quwwata illa bi Llah al-Aliyy al-Azim (once), and
  • ya ‘Aziz, ya Ghaffar, ighfir li dhunubi wa dhunuba jami’ al-mu’minin wa-l mi’minat, fa innahu la yaghfir al-dhunub illa Anta! (once).”

Then the Prophet ﷺ said: “Jibril (peace be upon him) taught me these words on the night he traveled with me to the heavens. He said: ‘Not only will a servant from your community perform this, but a herald will call out to him from the heavens: “O servant of Allah, your actions have been renewed; your repentance has been accepted; and your sins forgiven,” and he mentioned endless virtues.'”

15th Night of Dhu-l Qa’da

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ related:

“There is a blessed night in Dhu-l Qa’da, it is the 15th night, when Allah looks upon His believing servants with mercy, and the reward for the one who performs acts in obedience to Allah is the reward of one hundred fasting people who have never disobeyed Allah. So, when it is the middle of the night, perform acts in obedience to Allah, pray, and seek Allah for the fulfillment of your needs, for there is no one who seeks from Allah on this night except that Allah fulfills his request.”

25th Day of Dhu-l Qa’da

It has also been related:

“The 25th day of Dhu-l Qa’da is a noble day and the virtues are immense therein. Mercy descends on this night and the earth is spread out under the Ka’ba. It is recommended to fast on this day. One who fasts on this day and stands in prayer throughout its night, receives the reward of one hundred years of worship. For he who fasts throughout the day, stands in prayer throughout the night, or attends any gathering convened on this day in remembrance of their Lord, they will not depart until Allah has fulfilled their requests. On this day, a million mercies descend.”

And Allah and His Messenger know best.

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Days of Allah – Dhu-l Qa’da

Day Name Resting Abode
1 ‘Urs Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad b. Abdul Hakam al-Shafi’i
Bio (Ibn Khallikan’s Bio Dictionary, p. 598)
Cairo, EG
2 ‘Urs Amjad ‘Ali Azmi
Bio
Ghosi, UP, IN
3 ‘Urs Shamsuddin Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad b. Ahmad b. ‘Uthman al-Dhahabi
Bio | His PassingHis Advice to Ibn Taymiyya
Damascus, SY
4 ‘Urs Abu ‘Abdi-Llah Muhammad b. Sulayman al-Jazuli
Bio | Book
Marrakech, MA
5 ‘Urs Khwaja Sufi ‘Abdul Hamid Chishti
Bio
, PK
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Ghayoor Ahmed Khan Chishti
Bio
Tando Yousif, Hyderabad, PK
6 ‘Urs Treaty of Hudaybiyyah
Wiki
7 ‘Urs Qutbu-l Irshad ‘Abdullah b. Alawi al-Haddad
Bio | Book
Tarim, YE
‘’ ‘Urs Al-Imam Ahmad Ziyauddin-i Gumush-Khanewi
Bio
Istanbul, TK
8 ‘Urs Sayyid Shaikh al-Jifri
Bio
Calicut, IN
‘Urs Habib “Sa’d” al-Aidarus
Imams of the Valley (p. 158)
Tarim, YE
9 ‘Urs Isma’il Haqqi Bursawi
Bio and commentary on Salat al-Mashish | End Times
Bursa, TR
‘’ ‘Urs Muhammad Sa’id al-Kahil
Bio
Jeddah, SA
8/9 ‘Urs Muhammad Nizamuddin Shah Bhikari
Bio
Kâkuri sharif, IN
10 ‘Urs Umm Shah Miran Fatimah Bibi
Bio | Mother of Shahul Hamid an-Naguri
Manickpur, IN
11 ‘Urs Abu Salih Jangi Dost Musa al-Jilani
Bio | Father of Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir al-Jilani
Jilan, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Mawlana Khalid-i Baghdadi
Bio
Damascus, SY
‘’ ‘Urs ‘Abdu-Llah Shah Husaini Qadiri Shattari
Bio
Bijapur, IN
12 ‘Urs Maqbul-e Ilahi Shah Nizamuddin Aurangabadi
Bio 1 (p. 48) | Bio 2 | Bio 3
Aurangabad, IN
13 ‘Urs * Sahibu-l Jalwah Shahu-l Hamid (ஜல்வத் நாயகம்)
Bio
Makkatu-l Mukarramah
14 ‘Urs * ‘Umar b. ‘Abdu-l Qadir al-Qahiri (உமர் வலியுல்லா)
Bio
Kayalpatnam, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Mir Sayyid Fadlullah Kalpwi
Bio
Kâlpi sharif, IN
*15 ‘Urs Imam Shamil al-Dagestani al-Naqshbandi
BioHis Jihad | Wiki
Madinatu-l Munawwara
16 ‘Urs Bande-Nawaz Gesu Daraz Sayyid Muhammad al-Husaini
Bio | Wiki | FaceBook
Gulbargha, IN
17 ‘Urs Faqir Qadir Bux Bedil
Wiki
Rohri, PK
18 ‘Urs ‘Ali al-Ramitani
Bio (scroll down)
Ramitan, UZ
‘Urs ‘Abdul Rahman b. Haji Uthman urf Tok Solehor / Tok Selehong
Bio
Kelantan, MY
19 ‘Urs Zahrul Hasan Sharib urf Gudri Shah Baba IV
Bio
Ajmir, IN
20 ‘Urs Jalaluddin al-Mujarrad al-Turk al-Naqshbandi urf Shah Jalal
Bio | Wiki | [Sufis of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, v.3, p.233]
Sylhet, BD
21 ‘Urs Sarmast ‘Ali Shah Qalandar Husaini Qadiri Shattari
Bio
Bijapur, IN
22 ‘Urs Wahid Baksh Sial Rabbani – Bio PK
‘Urs Taqiu-d Din Abu-l Abbas Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah – Bio | His Qadiri Geneology | His Position on Tasawwuf | His Commentary of Futuh al-Ghaib Damascus, SY
23 ‘Urs Sayyid Ibrahim Shahid (பாதுஷா நாயகம்)
Bio
Ervadi, IN
‘’ ‘Urs As-Sayyid Tahir ‘Alauddin al-Qadiri al-Jilani
Bio
Lahore, PK
‘Urs Wan Musa b. Abdul Samad urf Mufti Haji Wan Musa
Bio
Kelantan, MY
24 ‘Urs Abu-l Mughith Husain b. Mansur al-Hallaj
Bio 1 | Bio 2Doctrine
Baghdad, IQ
25 ‘Urs Abu-l Abbas al-Mursi Shihabuddin Ahmad b. ‘Umar al-Khazraji al-Balansi – Bio [PDF] | Bio 2 Ras al-Tin, EG
‘’ ‘Urs Sharafuddin Muhammad b. Sa’id al-Busiri al-Sanhaji
Bio | Mosque | Video
Alexandria, EG
26 ‘Urs Companion Sa’d b. Abi Waqqas
Bio
Canton, CN
27 ‘Urs Khwaja Sayyid Kamaluddin Chishti
Bio
Delhi, IN
‘Urs Haji Abdullah b. Haji ‘Umar urf Haji Awang Lambor
Bio
Kelantan, MY
28 ‘Urs Abu-l Muzaffar Aurangzeb Alamgir
Bio
Khuldabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Hasan Muhammad Chishti
Bio
Khuldabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Muhtar Holland
Bio | His Passing | Memoriam
, US
29 ‘Urs Tipu Sultan b. Hyder ‘Ali
Bio
Srirangapatnam, IN
30 ‘Urs Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. ‘Ali al-Jawwad al-Taqi
Wiki
Baghdad, IQ

* Masters of the ‘Arusiyyah branch of the Qadiriyyah way of Islamic Spirituality

DISCLAIMER: Please note that links to external websites are provided only for reference purposes. TAQWA (Singapore) is neither responsible for their content nor adhere to views expressed therein which may be contrary to our ethos and beliefs.

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Du’a Al-Tarawih

This is the traditional supplication [du’a] made after the tarawih prayers during the nights of Ramadan in the Arwi region (South India and Sri Lanka).

Supplication for the Nights of Ramadan
after salat al-tarawih

In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate

O Allah, make us of those who – perfect our faith completely; fulfil the obligatory unreservedly; perform our prayers [salat] diligently; pay our tithes [zakat] promptly; obtain our needs through You only; seek Your forgiveness sincerely; beseech Your guidance earnestly; protect our tongues carefully; live in this world ascetically; yearn for the Hereafter longingly; accept Your Decree gladly; receive Your Blessings gratefully; deal with Your tests and tribulations patiently;

gather under the patronage banner of Your Beloved, Prophet, and Intimate Friend – Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) – on the Day of Reckoning; drink from the life-giving & soul-nourishing river [al-kawthar]; enter the Gardens of Paradise; dress in brocades of silk; recline on seats of dignity; wed spouses of celestial beauty; dine on heavenly gastronomical delights; and drink from the rivers of pure honey and milk in cups of wondrous splendour – with the comfort and pleasure in the company of the Prophets, the Truthful, the Martyrs, and the Righteous.

O Allah, we beseech You in this most blessed and noble month to accept our deeds. And do not, O Allah O Allah O Allah, drive us away or afflict us with hardship and misfortune. O Allah, verily in this month is the Night of all nights [lailatu-l qadr]. Our God, in that night, free us all from the hellfire and grant us all refuge from its tribulations.

O our Lord, bestow upon us well-being, pardon, forgiveness and mercy, and upon our fathers and mothers, our grandfathers and grandmothers, our brothers and sisters, our husbands and wives, our families and kinfolk, our guides and scholars, our teachers and their students, those who have rights over us, those who love us and want the best for us, those who guide us and others towards goodness, those who have entrusted us to supplicate for them and those we have assigned to supplicate for us, and upon all the believers and Muslims – those who are alive and those who have passed on to the next realm.

O Allah bestow upon us and them (i.e. all those mentioned above) safety, well-being, and protection from all calamities, and upon those Muslims who are embarked on the pilgrimage, engaged in struggle, travelling upon the earth, in the seas, and in the air. And protect us, our Lord, from the evils of the oppressors, the envious, the hypocrites, the heretics, the wrong-doers, and all of creation. And help and grant us victory against the unbelievers and polytheists.

May Allah invoke prayers, bestow peace, and shower blessings upon the best of His Creation, our liege-lord Muhammad, and on his pure family and noble companions.

And Allah is the Guide.

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Welcome Greeting for Ramadan

This is a traditional greeting to welcome the blessed month of Ramadan. The origin of this greeting is unclear. But what is crystal clear is the command of the Prophet of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) to honour and serve guests to the best of our ability and means.

The blessed month of Ramadan is certainly an esteemed guest in our lives. The words of this greeting are meant to illustrate the reverence we have for the month and to create a bond with this once-a-year guest.

Welcome Greeting for Ramadan

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed satan
In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate

Greetings and welcome O month of Ramadan
Greetings and welcome O month of the Qur’an
Greetings and welcome O month of light
Greetings and welcome O month of gathering

Greetings and welcome O month of the poor
Greetings and welcome O month of repentence and return
Greetings and welcome O month of invocation and standing in supplication
Greetings and welcome O month of the poor and the weak

Greetings and welcome O month of doing one’s best
Greetings and welcome O month of the sinners
Greetings and welcome O month of victory and success
Greetings and welcome O month of intimate discourse and glorification

Greetings and welcome O month of the call and the guidance
Greetings and welcome O month of rest-between-prayers and standing to pray
Greetings and welcome O month of lanterns and lights
Greetings and welcome O month of coffers and treasures

Greetings and welcome O month of angels and safety
Greetings and welcome O month of breaking fast and eating before the fast
Greetings and welcome O month of tilling and of deafness to sin
Greetings and welcome O month of the weak

Greetings and welcome O month of repayment and reward
Greetings and welcome O month of fast and patience
Greetings and welcome O month of felicity
Greetings and welcome O month of the key

Greetings and welcome O month of union and reunion
Greetings and welcome O month of friendship and love
Greetings and welcome O master of all months
Greetings and welcome O month of Ramadan

We have not treated you according to your immense worth
Nor truly sanctified you, O month of forgiveness,
But be pleased with us nevertheless, do not blame us before the Merciful,
And testify for us with grace and goodness!

And Allah is the Guide.

Source: http://sunnah.org/ibadaat/fasting/recite_ramadan.htm

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