Du’a Nisf Sha’ban

There are many acts of worship recommended for the night of mid-Sha’ban by the righteous. Amongst them is the practice in traditional communities to congregate after salat al-maghrib to recite Sūrah Yā-Sīn 3 times with 3 different intentions as follows:

  1. (طول العمر)
    Bestowal of a long and blessed life of complete obedience and utter devotion to Allah and His Messenger, upon him be blessings and peace.
  2. (دفع البلاء)
    Removal and repelling of tribulations, calamities and hardships from oneself and the nation of Muhammad, Allah bless him and give him peace.
  3. (استغناء من الناس)
    Being completely free from the dependency on people for sustenance and fulfilment of worldly needs.

At the end of each completion of Sūrah Yā-Sīn, the following supplication is recited in Arabic together or by one person leading. Shaikhuna has stated in his “Al-Munjiyat”:

“Recite this du’a in all humility with tears in your eyes. If you do not know Arabic, use a translation to affect your heart so that you recite the words in sincerity rather than merely as a soulless ritual.”

The Traditional Supplication for the Night of Mid-Sha’bān

In the Name of Allah
the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate

O Allāh, O You who showers favours on everyone and for whom none can do any favour! O the Possessor of majesty and honour! O the Distributor of bounty and rewards! There is no one worthy of worship except You—the Support of the fallen, Sanctuary of the refugees, and Guardian of the fearful.

O Allāh, if in the Mother of All Books that is with You, You have written me down as someone who is doubtful of achieving salvation, or deprived, or rejected, or without enough sustenance, then with Your Grace, O Allāh, remove all of these misfortunes from me. Then establish me,  in the Mother of All Books that is with You, as someone who is blessed, with abundant provision, and charitable good deeds.

For surely You have said—and Your Word is True—in Your Revealed Book on the tongue of Your Messenger: “Allah changes and establishes what He wants and with Him is the Mother of All Books.” (Al-Qur’an, 13:39)

O my Lord, for the sake of Your Divine Manifestation on this middle night of the blessed month of Sha’bān “in which every affair of wisdom is made distinct and authorized” (Al-Qur’an, 44:4), we beseech You, O Most Merciful of all (3 x), remove from us all calamities and hardships—those that we know about as well as those that we are not aware of, while You know best everything—for truly, You are the Most Powerful, the Most Generous.

May Allah bless our liege Muhammad and his Family and Companions and grant them peace. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.

Note: Part of the above supplication was reported by Ibn Abi Shayba in his mussannaf and Ibn Abi Dunya from the companion Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him). Some of it was reported by ‘Abd ibn Humayd and Imam Tabari from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him). Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said: “No servant (of God) prays with these supplications but that Allah makes expansive his living.”

— Quoted from mukh al-‘ibada (The Essence of Worship) by the late mujaddid from the Hijaz, Sayyid Muhammad b. ‘Alawi al-Maliki of Makkah al-Mukarramah

The following du’a is attributed to Sayyidana-sh Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qādir al-Jīlānī (may Allah perfume his resting abode)  which he composed specifically for the blessed night of Mid-Sha’ban. Recite it once during the time of tahajjud to accrue the blessings associated with it:

The Supplication of Mid-Sha’bān attributed to
Muhyuddin ‘Abd al-Qādir al-Jīlānī

In the Name of Allah
the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate

O Allah, if you manifest Yourself to Your creation on the mid-night of Sha’ban, then bring unto us your relenting and protection. And decree for us, by your bounty, abundant provision. And let us be counted from amongst those who uphold your right in this night.

O Allah, whosoever you ordained for them death, then ordain with that your mercy for them. And whosoever you ordained for them a long life, then grant them Your favour with that and realise for us what our hopes cannot.

O Greatest before whom feet have stood! O Lord of the worlds! Your mercy, O most Merciful of those who show mercy! And prayers of God, most High, be upon our master Muhammad, the best of His creation, and upon his family and companions.

— S.R. (2009). The Sha’ban Advice. Available: http://soulresources.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/shaban-advice.pdf. Last accessed 1st Jul 2012.

And success is from Allah.

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Acts of Worship for Nisf Sha’ban

Shaikhuna Dr. Thaika Shuaib has listed the following acts of worship for the night and day of Mid-Sha’ban:

  1. Surah Yasin wa Du’a Nisf Sha’ban
    Recite Surah Yasin and supplication of Mid-Sha’ban as mentioned here.
  2. Al-Istighfar
    Repent sincerely and seek forgiveness for sins. Reflect on the past and be remorseful. Recite sayyidu-l istighfar and other munajat seeking His Pardon.
  3. Salawat ‘ala-n Nabi, salla-Llahu ‘alaihi wa sallam
    Send plenty of salutations upon the beloved Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace. Remember, this is the blessed month in which the exalted verse 33:26 was revealed. Recite dala’il al-khayrat, basha’ir al-khayrat, salat al-aisha or any other from our collection.
  4. Al-Qur’an Al-Karim
    Recite the whole of the Koran or a potion of it.
  5. Salat al-Qada
    Complete any missed [qada] prayers from before, for this is the first thing we will be questioned about in the Hereafter. Beware! This is a “debt to Allah” and must be repaid in one’s lifetime on earth.
  6. Salat al-Nawafil
    Perform much recommended and supererogatory prayers as you can, especially salat al-tasbih. See link.
  7.  Ziyarat al-Qubur
    Visit the graveyard to pray for the dead, especially one’s parents, kinsfolk and teachers. On the night of mid-Sha’ban, Lady ‘Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, found the beloved Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, at Jannatu-l Baqi seeking forgiveness for his nation whilst in prostration and standing. [Tirmidhi, ibn Majah, and Bayhaqi]
  8. Al-Sawm
    Observe the fast on the 14th and 15th of Sha’ban as it is meritorious. Multiple intentions for sunnah acts of worship are valid and recommended. Therefore include the intention [niyyah] for the sunnah fast of the white days [al-ayyam al-bid]. If the 15th is also a Monday or a Thursday, then include the intention for the sunnah fast of Monday or Thursday.
  9. Al-‘Ad’iyya
    Make plenty of supplications – for oneself, family, relations, friends, teachers, guides and Muslims in general who are undergoing trials, tribulations and persecution – as this is one of the most special night and day of the year when all legitimate needs are fulfilled. 

If one is an adherent to the Tariqatu-l ‘Arusiyyatu-l Qadiriyyah, it goes without saying that he/she should recite:

  1. Wird al-Tariq
  2. Ratib Jalaliyya

Success is from Allah. And He is the Guide.

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The Night and Day of Mid-Sha’ban

The middle night of the month of Sha’ban, known in Arabic as laylat al-bara’a and in Persian and Urdu as shab-e-barat, is one of the special nights of the year. Sayyidina-sh Shaikh Muhyu-d Din ‘Abdu-l Qadir al-Jilani quotes in his Al-Ghunya that it is one of the fourteen nights of the year in which it is particularly commendable to keep vigil in order to enliven the night with religious service, worship, adoration and devotion.

Likewise, its day is one of the seventeen days of the year during which it is particularly commendable to practice the recitation of litanies and to concentrate on worshipful service with assiduous devotion. In no other month, apart from Ramadan, did the Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) fast more often than in Sha’ban. Therefore fasting the day of mid-Sha’ban is certainly meritorious.

Evidence from Prophetic Narrations [ahadith]

There are a number of narrations establishing the merit of mid-Sha’ban:

  1. On the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace)  said, ‘When it is the middle night of the month of Sha‘ban, Allah Most High and Blessed descends to the sky of the world (the lowest heaven) and forgives His servants except one who attributes co-sharers to Him or one bearing a (illegitimate) grudge against his brother.’”
    [Al-Bazzar related it. In its chain of narration there is ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Abd al-Malik who Ibn abi Hatim mentioned in al-jarh wa al-ta‘dil but did not declare him to be weak. The rest of its narrators are reliable (thiqat)]
  2. On the authority of Sayyiduna Mu‘adh ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) who said “Allah looks at all of His creation on the middle night of the month of Sha‘ban and forgives everyone except for the mushrik and grudge bearer.”
    [Reported by Tabarani in his Kabir wa Awsat. All the narrators in its chain are reliable]
  3. On the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (may Allah be pleased with him) who said “The Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) said, ‘When it is the middle night of the month of Sha‘ban, Allah forgives His servants except for the mushrik and the one bearing a grudge.’”
    [Al-Bazzar reported it and one of its narrators is Hisham ibn  ‘Abd al-Rahman who I do not know of. The rest of its narrators are reliable]
  4. Other hadiths mention Allah Most High not forgiving those who commit zina (fornication adultery) or murder.

All quoted from majma‘ al-zawa’id wa manba‘ al-fawa’id (Compendium of hadiths not mentioned in the six main collections, and wellspring of information) by the hadith master [hafiz], Imam al-Haythami (Allah have mercy on him).

Evidence from the Pious Predecessors [al-salaf al-salihin]

It may also be noted that according to ‘Ikrimah, one of the renowned students of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both), the 15th of Sha’ban is the night on which “is made distinct every precise matter,” (Al-Qur’an, 44:4) i.e. the night in which the destiny for the coming year is written.

However, the majority of exegetes have disagreed with him, maintaining that this occurs on Laylatul-Qadr, as suggested by Surah al-Qadr. (see for example: Tafsir al-Qurtubi, (16/117-119); also Lata’if al-Ma’arif by Ibn Rajab, p. 204). Hafiz Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali says:

“So, it is appropriate for the believer to free himself (from worldly pursuits) on that night, (and apply himself) to the remembrance of Allah, making du`a to Him to forgive sins, conceal faults, and alleviate hardships, and (it is appropriate) to precede this with repentance (tawbah) for Allah forgives on this night those who repent.”

[Ibn Rajab, Lata’if al-Ma`arif, p. 201. He earlier concludes, on p. 200, that the verdict of recommended is that of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s school. Similarly, the Hanafis consider it recommended, as stated in Maraqi al-Falah (p. 154) and Hashiyat Ibn `Abidin (Shami) (2/469)]

Imam al-Bayhaqi devoted a whole chapter on the virtues of the 15th night of Sha‘ban in his Fada’il al-awqat. [Mentioned by the contemporary Oxford-based Malaysian Shafi‘i jurist, Shaykh Dr. Muhammad Afifi al-Akiti in his inan al-bayan fi nisf sha‘ban]

And Allah is the Guide.

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Days of Allah – Sha’ban

Day Name Resting Abode
1 ‘Urs Ummu-l Mu’minin Hafsa bint ‘Umar
Bio
Madinatu-l Munawwarah
‘’ ‘Urs Shihabuddin Abu Hafs ‘Umar al-Bakri al-Suhrawardi – BioWiki | Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 463) Baghdad, IQ
‘Urs Muhaddith-e-Azam Pakistan Sardar Ahmad – Bio ?
2 ‘Urs Companion Uthman b. Maz’un
Hadith 1Hadith 2Wiki
Madinatu-l Munawwarah
‘’ ‘Urs Imam al-A’zam Abu Hanifa Nu’man b. Thabit al-Kufi
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Bio 3Tabi’i Opinion
Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Tok Kenali Muhammad Yusuf b. Ahmad
Bio
Kelantan, MY
3 Urs * Abu-l Faraj | Faraḥ Yūsuf b. Yusuf al-Thāwī al-Ṭarsūsī
Bio
Baghdad, IQ
4 ‘Urs Imam al-Arifin Abu Sa’id b. Abu-l Khair
Wiki
Maihana, Khorasan, AF
5 ‘Urs Khwaja Fakhruddin Abu-l Khair Chishti
Bio
Sarwar, RA, IN
6 ‘Urs Umm Kulthum bint Rasuli-Llah
Wiki
Madinatu-l Munawwarah
7 Urs * Abū Sa’īd al-Mubārak b. ‘Alī al-Mukharrimī
Bio
Baghdad, IQ
‘Urs Muhyuddin Abul Ma’ali Muhammad b. Al-Zaki
Bio (Ibn Khallikan’s Bio Dictionary, p. 633)
Mount Qasyoun, Damascus, SY
8 ‘Urs Khwāja Muhammad Abdul Ghaffar urf Pir Mitha
Bio | Wiki
Rahmatpur, Larkana, PK
9 ‘Urs Abu-l Barakat ibn al-Anbari (the Grammarian)
Bio | His Passing
Baghdad, IQ
‘Urs Sayyid Sirajuddin urf Rajan Shah Wali Bag Sawar
Urs Announcement
Chanda, AP, IN
10 ‘Urs Prophet Hud
Wiki | Imams of the Valley (p. 17)
Al-Shihr, Hadramawt, YE
10/11 ‘Urs Sayyid Shah Chanda Husaini
FaceBook [Ref: History of the Qadiri Order in India, p.61]
Gogipattan, IN
12 ‘Urs Jamaluddin Ahmad Hanswi
Wiki
Hansi, Haryana, IN
13 ‘Urs Muhammādī Bil-Hājj
Bio
MA
13 ‘Urs Hassan Ali Cisse
Bio 1 | Bio 2
Medina-Baye, Kaolack, SN
14 ‘Urs Abdullah Shah As’habi
FaceBook
Thatta, Sindh, PK
‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad Khalid Shah Chishti Sabiri
Bio
Watville Benoni, ZA
15   Nisf Sha’ban – Middle of Sha’ban
Evidences | Du’a 1 | Du’a 2
‘’ ‘Urs Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki
Damas, SY | Bistam, IR
‘’ ‘Urs Abu-l Hasan ‘Ali al-Sabbagh
Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 532)
Qana, EG
‘’ ‘Urs Pira Shah
Bio 1
Kharri Sharif, Kashmir, PK
16 ‘Urs Sayyid Musa Shah Qadiri
His Dargah
Chennai, TN, IN
17 ‘Urs Sayyid Shah ‘Ali Ahmad Pasha Qadiri
Short Bio (scroll)
Ahmad Gulshan, Bahadurpura, Hyderabad, IN
18 ‘Urs Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Syed Uthman Shah Marwandi
Bio | Website | ‘Urs | Wiki
Sehwan, Sindh, PK
19 ‘Urs Uthman b. Abdu-r Rahman al-Siddiqi
Bio
Colombo, LK
‘’ ‘Urs Al-Habib Ahmad b. Zain al-Habshi
Bio | Imams of the Valley (p. 70)
Hawtah, Hadramawt, YE
20 ‘Urs Sayyid Dawud Mastan
Brief Story  His Dargah
Karaikal, PY, IN
21 ‘Urs Muhammad b. Hibat Allah b. ‘Abd Allah al-Sadid al-Salamasi
Bio (Ibn Khallikan’s Bio Dictionary, p. 643)
Baghdad, IQ
‘Urs Mufti Ahmad b. Muhammad Sa’id
Bio
Seremban, MY
22 ‘Urs Khwāja Mawlānā Muhammad Amkanakī
Bio | Wiki
Amkana, UZ
‘Urs Khwāja Muhammad Uthman Damani
Bio | Wiki
Mussa Zai Sharif, Dera Ismail Khan, PK
23 ‘Urs ‘Abdur Rahman al-Saqqaf
Bio (Malay) | Imams of the Valley (p. 36)
Zanbal, Tarim, YE
24 ‘Urs Sayyid Jamal b. Sayyid Husain al-Qadiri
[Ref: History of the Qadiri Order in India, p.62]
Pathri, Ahmadnagar, IN
25 ‘Urs Mir Sayyid Muhammad Kalpwi
Bio (of his son)  Khanqah
Kâlpi Sharif, IN
26 ‘Urs Abdul Ghani b. Isma’il al-Nablusi
Wiki | His Belief
Damascus, SY
27 ‘Urs Khwāja Sayyid Laal Shah Hamdani
Bio | Wiki
Danda Shah Bilawal, district Chakwal, PK
28 ‘Urs Abu Muhammad ‘Ali ibn Hazm al-Zahiri al-Andalusi
Bio | Wiki
Montíjar, near Huelva, ES
29 ‘Urs Abdul Ghani b. Salih al-Ja’fari
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | FaceBook
Cairo, EG
‘Urs Muhammad Mushtaq Qadiri Attari
Wiki
Sahrā-e-Madinah, Karachi, PK
30 ‘Urs Yahya b. Muhyuddin ‘Abdul Qadir al-Jilani
Qala’id al-Jawahir (p. 184)
Baghdad, IQ

* Masters of the ‘Arusiyyah branch of the Qadiriyyah way of Islamic Spirituality DISCLAIMER: Please note that links to external websites are provided only for reference purposes. TAQWA (Singapore) is neither responsible for their content nor adhere to views expressed therein which may be contrary to our ethos and beliefs.

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Salat Al-Tajiyyah

“The Salutation of the Crowning Adornment” [salatu-t tajiyyah] is a benediction that has found universal fame. It was written by Habib Abu Bakr b. Salim, Allah illuminate his resting abode, who is laid to rest in Aynat, Hadramawt. He is known by the epithet, “honour of creation” [fakhru-l wujud]. His saintliness and piety is widely acknowledged.

This salutation is an overflowing spring of blessings and is certainly one of the favourite benedictions of all lovers of the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace. Many saints [awliya] and pious [salihin] have embraced Salatu-t Taj as part of their daily litany and attained much Enabling Grace [tawfiq] as a result.

The benefits of this prayer are so vast that they cannot be completely encompassed. Its recitation brings the reader purity of heart, clarity of intellect and vision of the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace. Regular recitation increases sustenance, protects from the evils of magic and jinn, and removes calamities.

The many references to the blessed night journey and ascension to the Heavens [al-isra wa-l mi’raj] of the Holy Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, makes this benediction a favourite to be recited on the night of 27th Rajab, wherein that momentous event is widely believed to have happened.

Success is from Allah!

Audio

Arabic text & English translation

The Salutation of the Crowning Adornment

By the honour of creation, our master & guide,
Habib Abu Bakr ibn Salim

In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate

O Allah, bestow blessings upon our master and patron, Muhammad; the owner of the crown, the ascent, the Burāq, and the standard. [He is] the thwarter of affliction, disease, drought, illness, and pain. His name is written on high, served, and engraved in the Tablet and the Pen. [He is] the leader of all – Arabs and non-Arabs.

His body is sanctified, fragrant, pure, and illumined in the house and the sanctuary. [He is] the sun of brightness, the full moon in darkness, the foremost one in the highest fields, the light of guidance, the cave of refuge for mortals, the lamp that dispels the night. [He is] the best-natured one, the intercessor of nations. [He is] the owner of munificence and generosity.

And Allah is his Protector, Gabriel is his servant, the Burāq is his mount, the Ascent is his voyage, the Lote-Tree of the Furthermost Boundary is his station. And two Bow-Lengths or nearer is his desire; his desire is his goal; and he has reached his goal.

[He is] master of the Messengers, seal of the Prophets, intercessor for sinners, bosom friend of strangers, mercy to the worlds, respite of those who burn with love, goal of those who yearn, sun of Gnostics, guiding lamp of seekers, illumination of those in close proximity, beloved of the poor, strangers and destitute.

[He is] master of humans and jinn, Prophet of the two sanctuaries, leader of the two Qiblas, our means [to salvation] in the two abodes, owner of “two Bow-Lengths or nearer”, beloved of the Lord of the two Easts and the two Wests, grandfather of al-Ḥasan and al-Ḥusain, our patron and the patron of humans and jinn.

[He is] Abu l-Qāsim MUḤAMMAD, son of ‘Abdullah, a radiant light from the Life-Giving Luminosity of Allah. O you who yearn for the radiance of his beauty! Send blessings and utmost greetings of peace upon him, his family and companions.

And Allah is the Guide!

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