Eid Takbir

It is a recommended [mandub] propriety of the two Festivals ['Eidain] to extol loudly the Greatness of God [takbir]. The time for the takbir is as follows:

  • Eid al-Fitr
    After sunset on the night of Eid (i.e. from Maghrib of 1st Shawwal) till the commencement of the ‘Eid prayer the following morning.
  • Eid al-Adha
    After every prayer [salat] from the optional [sunnah] morning prayer [salatu-l Fajr] on the Day of ‘Arafat (i.e. 9th of Dhu-l Hijjah) until and including the mid-afternoon prayer (salatu-l ‘Asr) on the 13th of Dhu-l-Hijjah.

The nights of Eid (i.e. 1st Shawwal and 10th Dhu-l Hijjah) should especially be enlivened with takbir from sunset until the Eid prayer the following morning. On these nights only the takbir is not limited to being read after the prayer, but rather it should be read at all times in houses, mosques and even the streets (without causing disturbance).

Like all acts of worship, the takbir should be read “experientially” with hearts filled with awe of the greatness of Allah, Most High. Mere repetition without internalising the meaning of the takbir will be a wasted affair.

Eid Takbir

اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبر , لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

Allāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbar. Lā ilāha illa-Llāhu wa-Llāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbaru wa li-Llāhi-l Hamd.

Allah is greater. Allah is greater. Allah is greater. There is no god but Allah and Allah is greater. Allah is greater and to Allah is all Praise.

الله أكبرُ كَبيرا والحمدُ لله كثيرا وسُبْحانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وأَصيلاَ ، لا إله إلا الله ولا نَعْبُدُ إلا إِيَّاهُ مُخْلِصِين لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الكافِرون ، لا إله إلا الله وَحْدَه صَدَقَ وَعْدَه ونَصَرَ عَبْدَه وأَعَزَّ جُنْدَه وهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَه ، لا إله إلا الله واللهُ أكبرْ اللهُ أكبر ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

Allāhu Akbaru kabīran. Wa-l Hamdu li-Llāhi kathīran. Wa Subhāna-Llāhi bukratan wa asīlan. Lā ilāha illa-Llāh. Wa lā na’budu illā iyyāhu mukhlisīna lahu-d Dīna wa law kariha-l Kāfirūn. Lā ilāha illa-Llāhu wahdah. Sadaqa wa’dah. Wa Nasara ‘abdah. Wa A’azza jundah. Wa Hazama-l Ahzāba wahdah. Lā ilāha illa-Llāhu wa-Llāhu Akbar. Allāhu Akbaru wa li-Llāhi-l Hamd.

Allah is ever greatest. Much praise be to Allah. Glory be to Allah morning and evening. There is no god but Allah. Him alone we worship making our worship sincerely His though the unbelievers be averse. There is no god but Allah alone. He fulfilled His promise, gave victory to His slave, strengthened His army, and vanquished the Confederates alone. There is no god but Allah and Allah is greater. Allah is greater and to Allah is all Praise.

The scholars say that whenever it is recommended to remember Allah it is also recommended to mention His beloved Messenger, Allah bless him and give him peace. Had it not been for him there would be no Ramadan, `Arafat or Eid or Takbir. For this reason we should add, in honour of our Messenger, his Companions, wives and progeny (Allah bless them and give them peace):

Eid Salawat

اللهُمَّ صلِّ على سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى آلِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى أَصْحابِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى أَنْصَارِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى أَزْواجِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وعلى ذُرِّيِّةِ سَيِّدِنا مُحمد ، وسلِّمْ تَسْليماً كثيراً

Allāhumma salli ‘alā Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Āli Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Ashābi Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Ansāri Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Azwāji Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa ‘alā Dhurriyati Sayyidina Muhammad. Wa sallama taslīman kathīra.

O Allah, send Your blessings upon our master Muhammad, and upon the family of our master Muhammad, and upon the companions of our master Muhammad, and upon the helpers of our master Muhammad, and upon the wives of our master Muhammad, and upon the progeny of our master Muhammad, and grant abundant peace.

And Allah is the Guide.

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