Allah Most High has revealed:
“The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)—so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein,”—al-Qu’ran 9:36
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:
“The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu-l Qa’da, Dhu-l Hijja and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’ban.”—related by Abu Bakra and found in Bukhari
In addition to establishing the sanctity of Dhu-l Qa’da, there are Prophetic narrations that mention the virtues of specific days and nights therein and special acts of optional worship for them. Hajja Durriya mentions these in her work: al-Fawa’id al-Ilahiyya al-Warida ‘an khair al-Bariyya (كتاب الفوائد الإلهية الواردة عن خير البرية). Rizwana Sayed has translated them in her beautiful work: “The Sacred Months – Prayer & Worship for the Special Months”.
May Allah Most High bestow tawfiq to honour these special nights and days and accrue the resultant benefits.
1st Day of Dhu-l Qa’da
It has been related that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came out on the first day of Dhu-l Qa’da and said: “O people! Who among you desires forgiveness?”
We replied: “We desire forgiveness, O Messenger of Allah!”
Then he ﷺ said: “Take a bath, perform ablution and perform four cycles of prayer [rak’at]. In each cycle, recite:
- al-Fatiha once,
- qul huwa Llahu ahad thrice, and
- the 2 refuge-seeking surahs (i.e. surah al-Falaq and surah al-Nass) once each.
- astaghfiru Llah 70 times,
- la hawla wa la quwwata illa bi Llah al-Aliyy al-Azim (once), and
- ya ‘Aziz, ya Ghaffar, ighfir li dhunubi wa dhunuba jami’ al-mu’minin wa-l mi’minat, fa innahu la yaghfir al-dhunub illa Anta! (once).”
Then the Prophet ﷺ said: “Jibril (peace be upon him) taught me these words on the night he traveled with me to the heavens. He said: ‘Not only will a servant from your community perform this, but a herald will call out to him from the heavens: “O servant of Allah, your actions have been renewed; your repentance has been accepted; and your sins forgiven,” and he mentioned endless virtues.'”
15th Night of Dhu-l Qa’da
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ related:
“There is a blessed night in Dhu-l Qa’da, it is the 15th night, when Allah looks upon His believing servants with mercy, and the reward for the one who performs acts in obedience to Allah is the reward of one hundred fasting people who have never disobeyed Allah. So, when it is the middle of the night, perform acts in obedience to Allah, pray, and seek Allah for the fulfillment of your needs, for there is no one who seeks from Allah on this night except that Allah fulfills his request.”
25th Day of Dhu-l Qa’da
It has also been related:
“The 25th day of Dhu-l Qa’da is a noble day and the virtues are immense therein. Mercy descends on this night and the earth is spread out under the Ka’ba. It is recommended to fast on this day. One who fasts on this day and stands in prayer throughout its night, receives the reward of one hundred years of worship. For he who fasts throughout the day, stands in prayer throughout the night, or attends any gathering convened on this day in remembrance of their Lord, they will not depart until Allah has fulfilled their requests. On this day, a million mercies descend.”
And Allah and His Messenger know best.