Recitals and Practices

Apart from the prescribed daily Wird and weekly Ratib of the Tariqah, there are many other supererogatory recitals and practices adopted by the Murids.

These include:

  • Invocations [adhkar]
  • Orisons [ahzab]
  • Litanies [awrad]
  • Supplications [ad’iyya]
  • Works [waza’if]
  • Devotional odes [qasa’id]
  • Prayers upon the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace
    [salawat ‘ala-n Nabi]

and other voluntary acts of worship derived from:

  1. the Holy Koran
    [al-qur’an al-karim]
  2. the Prophetic Example
    [al-sunnah al-sharifah]
  3. the Practices of the Pious Predecessors and Gnostics
    [al-salaf al-salihin wa-l ‘arifin]

Some of these require the explicit permission [Ijaza] of the Shaikh, who grants it upon request or when he deems fit.

Voluntary Acts of Worship [‘ibâdât]

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَالَ… وَمَا تَقَرَّبَ إِلَيَّ عَبْدِي بِشَيْءٍ أَحَبَّ إِلَيَّ مِمَّا افْتَرَضْتُ عَلَيْهِ وَمَا يَزَالُ عَبْدِي يَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَيَّ بِالنَّوَافِلِ حَتَّى أُحِبَّهُ فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْتُ سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ (وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطِشُ بِهَا وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا وَإِنْ سَأَلَنِي لَأُعْطِيَنَّهُ وَلَئِنْ اسْتَعَاذَنِي لَأُعِيذَنَّهُ …(البخاري

…My servant does not come closer to Me with anything more dear to Me than that which I made obligatory upon him. My servant keeps coming closer to Me with more voluntary deeds, until I love him. When I love him, I become his ear by which he hears, his eyes by which he sees, his hand by which he holds, and his foot by which he walks. If he asks Me any thing I shall give him. If he seeks My protection I shall grant him My protection… (Al-Bukhari: 6021)

Recommended [Sunnah] & Supererogatory [Nawâfil] — Ritual Prayers [as-salât]

  1. Definition and Types
  2. Where and When to Perform
  3. Types of Prayers:

» Daily

  • Salat al-Rawatib
  • Salat al-Ishraq
  • Salat al-Duha
  • Salat al-Zawal
  • Salat al-Awwabin
  • Salat al-Witr
  • Salat al-Tahajjud
  • Salat al-Tawbah
  • Salat al-Shukr
  • Salat al-Istikhara (daily)
  • Salat al-Tasbih (shortened)
  • Salat al-Hajah
  • Salat Tahiyyat al-Wudu
  • Salat Tahiyyat al-Masjid

» Weekly

» Yearly

» Special Occasions/Other

  • Salat al-Ihram
  • Salat al-Tawaf
  • Salat al-Musafir
  • Salat al-Manzil
  • Salat al-Qudum
  • Salat al-Nikkah
  • Salat al-Istisqa
  • Salat al-Kusuf
  • Salat al-Hadiya
  • Salat al-Mutlaq

Recommended [Sunnah] & Supererogatory [Nawâfil] — Fasts [as-siyam]

  • Fasting Mondays and Thursdays
  • Fasting “the White Days” [al-ayyam al-bid]
  • Fasting the First Three Days of the Month
  • Fasting the Last Three Days of the Month
  • Fasting in Muharram (especially the Day of Ashura)
  • Fasting in Rajab
  • Fasting in Sha’ban (especially the middle of it)
  • Fasting in Shawwal
  • Fasting in Dhu-l Hijja
  • The Fast of Prophet David [nabi Dawud, alaihi-s salam]

Blessed Names

Salutations & Odes upon the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace
[Salawât wa Qasa’id ‘ala-n Nabi salla-Llâhu ‘alaihi wa sallam]

  1. The Qur’anic Injunction on Salawât
  2. The Legal Position on Salawât

» Salutations upon the Prophet

» Odes on the Prophet

  • Su’ad has Departed [Banat Su’ad]
    — Sayyidina Ka’b ibn Zuhayr ibn Abi Sulma
  • The Mantle Ode [Qasîdatu-l Burdah]
    — Imam Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad b. Sa’id al-Busiri
  • The Mudar Ode [Qasîdatu-l Mudariyyah]
    — Imam Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad b. Sa’id al-Busiri
  • The Muhammadan Ode [Qasîdatu-l Muhammadiyyah]
    — Imam Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad b. Sa’id al-Busiri
  • The Intercessory Ode [Qasîdatu-t Tawassul]
    — Sultan ‘Abdulhämid al-Awwal

Seeking Forgiveness [Istighfâr]

Supplications [Ad’iyya] & Invocations [Adhkâr]

» Special Occasions

» Daily

Litanies [Awrâd], Orisons [Ahzâb], & Recitals [Wazâ’if]

Friday – Day of Gathering [Yawm al-Jumu’a]

The following recitals are highly emphasized by the ‘Arusi-Qadiri masters to mark and honour  the blessed Fridays:

Spiritual Odes [Qasâ’id]

  • The Wine Ode [Qasîdatu-l Khamriyyah]
    — Sayyidina ‘sh-Shaikh Muhyi-d Din ‘Abdu-l Qadir al-Jilani
  • The Theophany Ode [Qasîdatu-sh Shathiyyah]
    — Sayyidina ‘sh-Shaikh Muhyi-d Din ‘Abdu-l Qadir al-Jilani

Panegyrics [Manqabat]

  • The Qutbiyya Ode on Muhyiddin ‘Abdul Qadir al-Jilani
    [Qasîdatu-l Qutbiyyah]
    — Imam Sadaqatullah b. Sulaiman al-Qahiri
  • The Qutbiyya Ode on Abul Hasan ‘Ali al-Shadhili
    [Qasîdatu-l Qutbiyyah]
    — ‘Allama Nuh b. Muhammad ‘Abdul Qadir al-Qahiri
  • The Fardiyya Ode on Khwaja Mu’inuddin al-Chishti
    [Qasîdatu-l Fardiyyah]
    — ‘Allama Ahmad ‘Ali
  • The Nuriyya Ode on Zinda Shah Madar Badi’uddin
    [Qasîdatu-l Nuriyyah]
    — Muhammad ‘Abdur Rahman
  • The Ra’iyya Ode on Shahul Hamid al-Naguri
    [Qasîdatu-r Ra’iyyah]
    — Imam Sadaqatu-Llah b. Sulaiman al-Qahiri
  • The Ra’iyya Ode on Sahibu-l Khalwa Sayyid ‘Abdul Qadir
    [Qasîdatu-r Ra’iyyah]
    — Muhammad Yusuf Lebbai

Spiritual Exercises

* indicates that an Ijaza should be obtained to attain maximum benefit.

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