Salat al-Tasbih al-Mukhtasar

Salat al-Tasbih al-Mukhtasar or “The Shortened Prayer of Glorification” is a mainstay of the savants and saints. They perform this prayer in light of the following hadīth:

أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ بْنُ وَكِيعِ بْنِ الْجَرَّاحِ، أَخُو سُفْيَانَ بْنِ وَكِيعٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ جَاءَتْ أُمُّ سُلَيْمٍ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ عَلِّمْنِي كَلِمَاتٍ أَدْعُو بِهِنَّ فِي صَلاَتِي ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ “‏سَبِّحِي اللَّهَ عَشْرًا وَاحْمَدِيهِ عَشْرًا وَكَبِّرِيهِ عَشْرًا ثُمَّ سَلِيهِ حَاجَتَكِ يَقُلْ نَعَمْ نَعَمْ‏”‏ ‏.‏(سنن النسائي، 1299)

It was narrated that Anas b. Mālik (رضي الله عنه) said: “Umm Sulaim came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach me some words that I may supplicate with in my prayer [salāt].’ He (ﷺ) said: ‘Glorify Allah (by saying subhāna Llāh) ten times, praise Him (by saying alhamdu li-Lāh) ten times, and magnify Him (by saying Allāhu akbar) ten times, then ask Him for what you need and you will be answered with: ‘Yes, Yes’ (i.e. it is granted, granted).’”—al-Nasā’i, 1299

Imam al-Sha’rānī (رضي الله عنه) has mentioned this prayer in ‘uhūd al-Muhammadiyya as follows:

We took a general covenant with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) to be steadfast upon Salāt al-Tasbīh, because of the mentioned virtues. Acting upon this is specifically for those who are immersed in sins and have lost count of them, the likes of us.

There is another method of Salāt al-Tasbīh, which is not well-known. It has been related by Ahmad, al-Tirmidhī, al-Nasā’ī, Ibn Khuzaima, Ibn Ḥibbān in their Ṣaḥīḥ collections and by Ḥakim … (and he mentions the above ḥadīth).

The Method

  1. Perform 2-rak’a [rak’atain] prayer in the traditional manner with the following intention:

اُصَلِّىْ صَلَاةَ التَّسْبِيْحِ الْمُخْتَصَرِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ لِلّٰهِ تَعَالٰى ، اَللهُ اَكْبَرُ،

I intend to pray 2-rak’a of Ṣalāt al-Tasbīḥ al-Mukhtaṣar for the sake of Allah Most High. Allah is Greater!

  1. After the tashahhud in the 2nd rak’a, recite the following:

سُبْحَانَ الله (؀١٠)، اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰه (؀١٠)، اَللهُ اَڪْبَرْ (؀١٠)

subhāna Llāh (10 times), alhamdu li-Lāh (10 times), Allāhu akbar (10 times).

  1. Then, mention your need to be fulfilled and complete the prayer with taslīm as per normal.

References

  • Sayed, R (2017). The Sacred Months. Sakina, UK.

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