Dhikr and Du’a for Ashura

The following are the Arabic text and English translation of traditional invocations [adhkar] and supplications [ad’iyya] for the day of Ashura:

Invocation & Supplication for Ashura

Special Supplication for Ashura

And Allah is the Guide, eminent is His Glory.

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Days of Allah – Muharram Al-Haram

Day Name Resting Abode
1 New Hijri Year
‘’ ‘Urs * Abu-l Ḥasan ‘Ali b. Muhammad al-Qurashi al-Hankari – Bio Baghdad, IQ
2 ‘Urs * Abu Mahfuz Ma’ruf b. Firuz al-Karkhi
Bio 1 | Bio 2Tomb
Baghdad, IQ
3 ‘Urs ‘Uthman b. Muhammad b. Ibrahim b. Abi Shaiba
Bio  His Passing
‘Urs Hasan Raza Khan
Kalam
Bareilly, IN
4 ‘Urs Abu Sa’id Hasan b. Yasar al-Basri
Bio
Basra, IQ
5 ‘Urs Abu ‘Ali Fudayl b. ‘Iyad
Bio | Bio 2
Makkatu-l Mukarramah
‘’ ‘Urs Ganj-e-Shakar Baba Faridu-d Din Mas’ud
Bio 1 | Bio 2 | Wiki
Pakpattan, PK
6 ‘Urs ‘Abd Allah b. Maslama al-Qa’nabi al-Rahib
Bio (important student of Imam Malik b. Anas)
Basra, IQ
‘Urs Shah ‘Abdu-Llah Husaini Qadiri Shattari
Bio
Ahmedabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Prophet Zakariyya
Bio | Wiki
Palestine, PL
‘’ ‘Urs Prophet Yahya
Bio | Wiki
Palestine, PL
7 ‘Urs Battle of Khaybar
Wiki | Britannica
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Afaq Dehlvi
Bio (Eng) | Bio (Urdu)
Ahmedabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Mawla Al-Dawila Al-Alawi (Syed Alavi Thangal)
His ShrineWiki
Mambaram, KL, IN
8 ‘Urs Abu-l Fath Hashmat Ali Khan Qadiri
Bio
Pilibhit Sharif, IN
9 ‘Urs Habib ‘Ali b. Muhammad al-Attas
Obituary
Huraida, YE
10 Yawmu-l ‘Ashura – Day of Ashura
Recommended to Fast on 9th and 10th | DhikrDu’a
‘’ ‘Urs * Imam Abu Abdi-Llah Husain b. ‘Ali al-Sibt ash-Shahid – Tragedy of Karbala | Ahlu-l Bayt Cairo, EG/
Karbala, IQ
‘Urs Abu Ishaq al-Isfarâyînî
Bio (defender of Imam al-Ash’ari)
Isfarayin, IR
‘’ ‘Urs Abu-l Hasan Ali al-Kharaqani
Bio | Wiki
Kharaqan, IR
‘’ ‘Urs Ummu-l Khair Fatimah
Bio | Mother of Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir al-Jilani
Jilan, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan urf Shamsuddin Habibullah
BioWiki
Delhi, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Shah Barkatullah Marehrawi
Bio
Marehra, IN
11 ‘Urs Abu ‘Abd Allah Wahb b. Munabbih al-Ṣan’ani al-Dhimari
His Passing  Wiki
Dhimar, YE
12 ‘Urs Najmuddin ‘Abd al-Ghaffar b. ‘Abd al-Karim al-Qazwini al-Shafi’i
Bio (Biographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: Central Asia and Middle East, p. 233)
Qazwin, IR
13 ‘Urs Syed Waris Ali Shah
Bio | Wiki
Dewa Sharif, IN
14 ‘Urs Mufti-e-Azam Muhammad Mustafa Raza Khan
BioWiki
Bareilly, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Mamshad Uluw al-Dinawari
Bio
Daynur, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Shah Hamza Marehrawi
Bio
Marehra, IN
15 ‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad Baghdadi al-Qadiri
His Wedding
Madinatu-l Munawwarah
16 ‘Urs Qutbuddin Aibak
Bio 1  Bio 2  Wiki
Lahore, PK
17 ‘Urs Muhammad Effendi al-Yaraghi
Bio
Daghestan, RU
18 ‘Urs * Imam Abu-l Hasan ‘Ali Zainu-l ‘Abidin b. Husain al-SajjadShort Bio Madinatu-l Munawwarah
‘’ ‘Urs Ismail b. Haji Abdul Majid al-Kalantani
Wiki
Machang, Kelantan, MY
19 ‘Urs * Sayyid Ahmad b. Sayyid Hasan al-Jilani
Bio
Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Khwaja Durwesh Muhammad
BioWiki
Asqarar, UZ
20 ‘Urs Companion Bilal al-Habashi
Bio
Damascus, SY
21 ‘Urs Khwaja Zindapir Sahib
Bio | Pictures
Ghamkol, Kohat, PK
22 ‘Urs Sayyid Shamsuddin Qadiri urf Nana Pir
His Dargah
Chuduguppa, Bidar, KA, IN
23 ‘Urs Nasiruddin Yusuf b. Tashfin al-Sanhaji
Wiki  His Passing before meeting Al-Ghazali
Marrakech, MA
*24 ‘Urs Abu Tayyib ibn Salama al-Dubbi al-Shafi’i
Bio (Ibn Khallikan’s Bio Dictionary, p. 610)
Baghdad, IQ
25 ‘Urs Abu ‘Ali al-Tanukhi
Bio (Ibn Khallikan’s Bio Dictionary, p. 564)
Baghdad, IQ
26 ‘Urs * Sayyid Hasan al-Jilani
Bio
Baghdad, IQ
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad Taju-d Din Baba
Bio
Nagpur, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sayyid Sāhib Husaynī al-Qadiri
Bio
Tekmal, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sir ‘Abdullah Archibald Hamilton [18 Mar 1939]
Bio
Brookwood, GB
27 ‘Urs Sayyid Ashraf Jahangir Simnani
Bio | Wiki
Kichaucha, IN
28 ‘Urs Haider ‘Ali Thani Shah Wajihu-d Din Husaini Qadiri Shattari – Bio Ahmedabad, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Shah Waliyu-Llah Dehlavi
Bio
Delhi, IN
‘’ ‘Urs Sharif Sa’id b. ‘Abdullah al-Bid
Bio
Mambrui, KE
29 ‘Urs Sayyid Muhammad ad-Dandarawi
Bio
Madinatu-l Munawwarah
‘Urs Syed ‘Ali Mira Datar
Bio  Bio 2
Unjha, GJ, IN
30 ‘Urs Izzeddin Al-Haznevi
Bio
TR

* Masters of the ‘Arusiyyah branch of the Qadiriyyah way of Islamic Spirituality

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Muharram Essentials

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Du’a Awwal al-Sana – Awwal Muharram

It is from the practice of the pious [sâlihîn] to recite the following supplication [du’â] three (3) times after the sunset prayers [salâtu-l maghrib] on the first day of Muharram which is the Islamic New Year.

Amongst others, this supplication can be found in:

  • kanzu-n najahi wa-s surur
    by: Al-‘Allamah Al-Shaikh ‘Abdul Hamid b. Muhammad ‘Ali Quds
  • al-munjiyat
    by: Shaikh Dr. Thaika Shu’aib al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi

Some saints [awliyâ] have said that reciting this supplication will result in Allah, Most High, assigning two (2) Angels to protect the reciter from committing (major) sins.


And Allah and His Messenger know best!

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْم

وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ اْلأَبَدِيُّ الْقَدِيْمُ اْلأَوَّلُ ، وَعَلَى فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيْمِ وَكَرَمِ جُوْدِكَ الْمُعَوَّلِ، وَهَذَا عَامٌ جَدِيْدٌ قَدْ أَقْبَلَ ، أَسْئَلُكَ الْعِصْمَةَ فِيْهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَأَوْلِيَائِهِ وَجُنُوْدِهِ، وَالْعَوْنَ عَلَى هَذِهِ النَّفْسِ اْلأَمَّارَةِ بِالسُّوْءِ، وَاْلإِشْتِغَالَ بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِي إِلَيْكَ زُلْفَى، يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَاْلإِكْرَامِ ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ اْلأُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

bismi Llâhi-r raḥmâni-r raḥîm, wa sṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa sṣahḥbihi wa sallam, Allâhumma anta-l abadiyyu-l qadîmu-l awwal, wa ‘alâ fadḍlika-l azẓîmi wa karami jûdika-l mu’awwali, wa hâdhâ âmun jadîdun qad aqbal, as’aluka-l ‘iṣmata fîhi mina-sh shaiṭâni wa awliyâ’ihi wa junûdihi, wa-l ‘awna ‘alâ hâdhihi-n nafsi-l ammârati bi-s sû’i, wa-l ishtighâla bimâ yuqarribunî ilaika zulfâ, yâ dha-l jalâli wa-l ikrâmi, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadini-n nabiyyi-l ummiyyi wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam.

In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate. And blessings and peace be upon our liege-lord Muhammad, his family and companions. O Allah, Thou are the First from All Eternity. By Thou great bounty and generosity, this is the dawn of another new year. (So) I beseech Thee at this hour to bestow upon me (a) an impregnable shield from the malevolent plots of the accursed Satan, his allies and his foot-soldiers and (b) succour over the evil-self that incites to deviation, disobedience, and sin and (c) to engage in that which brings proximity to Thee. O possessor of Supreme Majesty and Unrivalled Generosity. And blessings and peace be upon the unlettered Prophet, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.

A Longer Du’a Awwal Al-Sana

This is another du’a for the beginning of the New Year from the Office of the Mufti, Singapore:

Success and guidance is from Allah. There is no power or might, except Allah.

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Du’a Akhir Al-Sana – Akhir Dhu-l Hijjah

It is from the practice of the pious [sâlihîn] to recite the following supplication [du’â] three (3) times after the mid-afternoon prayers [salâtu-l ‘asr] on the last day of Dhu-l Hijjah which is the last day of the Islamic Year.

Amongst others, this supplication can be found in:

  • kanzu-n najahi wa-s surur
    by: Al-‘Allamah Al-Shaikh ‘Abdul Hamid b. Muhammad ‘Ali Quds
  • al-munjiyat
    by: Shaikh Dr. Thaika Shu’aib al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi

Some saints [awliyâ] have said that reciting this supplication will result in Allah, Most High, forgiving the reciter of all the sins committed in the past year. Satan (Allah’s curse be upon him) will be grieved beyond words when he hears this supplication as all his arduous efforts to misguide the recitor throughout the year, would have come to nought in a moment.

And Allah and His Messenger know best!

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْم

وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، اَللَّهُمَّ مَا عَمِلْتُ فِي هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ مِمَّا نَهَيْتَنِيْ عَنْهُ فَلَمْ أَتُبْ مِنْهُ ، وَلَمْ تَرْضَهُ ، وَلَمْ تَنْسَهُ وَحَلُمْتَ عَلَيَّ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِكَ عَلَى عُقُوْبَتِيْ ، وَدَعَوْتَنِي إِلَى التَّوْبَةِ بَعْدَ جُرْأَتِيْ عَلَى مَعْصِيَتِكَ ، فَإِنِّيْ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ فَاغْفِرْلِيْ وَمَا عَمِلْتُ فِيْهَا مِمَّا تَرْضَاهُ وَوَعَدْتَّنِيْ عَلَيْهِ الثَّوَابَ فَأَسْئَلُكَ اللَّهُمَّ يَا كَرِيْمُ يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَاْلإِكْرَامِ ، أَنْ تَتَقَبَّلَهُ مِنِّيْ وَلاَ تَقْطَعْ رَجَائِيْ مِنْكَ يَا كَرِيْمُ ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ اْلأُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

Bismi Llâhi-r raḥmâni-r raḥîm, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam, Allâhumma mâ ‘amiltu fî hâdhihi-s sanati mimmâ nahaitanî ‘anhu falam atub minhu, wa lam tarḍahu, wa lam tansahu wa ḥalumta ‘alayya ba’da qudratika ‘alâ ‘uqûbatî, wa da’awtanî ilâ-t tawbati ba’da jur-atî ‘alâ ma’ṣiyatik, fa-innî astaghfiru-ka fa-ghfirlî wa mâ ‘amiltu fîhâ mimmâ tarḍâhu wa-wa’adtanî ‘alaihi-th thawâba fa-as-aluka Llâhumma yâ karîmu ya dha-l jalâli wa-l ikrâmi, an tataqabbalahu minni wa la taqṭa’ rajâ’î minka yâ karîm, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadini-n nabiyyi-l ummiyyi wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam.

In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate. And blessings and peace be upon our liege-lord Muhammad, his family and companions. O Allah, I seek Thy pardon for all my actions of the past year – done knowingly, unknowingly, or forgetfully – which were forbidden and disapproved by Thou and did not attain Thy pleasure. And I beseech Thee to accept all my works that have brought me Thy favour and proximity to Thee. My reliance and hope is in Thee, O Most Generous, O possessor of Supreme Majesty and Unrivalled Generosity. And blessings and peace be upon the unlettered Prophet, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.

A Longer Du’a Akhir Al-Sana

This is another, longer du’a for the end of the year from the Office of the Mufti, Singapore:

Success and guidance is from Allah. There is no power or might, except Allah.

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Salat Yawm al-‘Arafa

Sayyiduna-sh Shaikh Abdul Qadir al-Jilani (qaddasa sirrahu) informs us of the following 2 ritual prayers for the day of ‘Arafa in his al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq:

Prayer 1 – Complete Forgiveness

If someone performs two voluntary cycles [rak’atain] of ritual prayer [salat] on the Day of ‘Arafa—reciting in each cycle [rak’a]:

  • the Opening Surah of the Book [Fatihat al-Kitab]—3 times, beginning each time with: “bismi Llahi r-rahmani r-rahim” and concluding with Amin!
  • Surah that begins: “qul ya ayyuha l-kafirun“—3 times
  • Surah that begins: “qul Huwa Llahu Ahad“—1 times

—Allah (Exalted is He) will surely say [to the angels]: “Bear witness that I have granted him forgiveness for his sins.”

Prayer 2 – Unfathomable Bounties

If someone performs four voluntary cycles [raka’at] of ritual prayer [salat] on the Day of ‘Arafa, between [the prescribed prayers of] noon [zuhr] and afternoon [‘asr]—reciting in each cycle [rak’a]:

  • the Opening Surah of the Book [Fatihat al-Kitab]—1 time
  • Surah that begins: “qul Huwa Llahu Ahad“—50 times

—one million good deeds will be recorded in his credit column. For every letter in the Qur’an, he will be promoted by one level in the Garden of Paradise, the distance between each level and the next being a journey of fifty years.

When he is laid in his grave, he [the person who performs this ritual prayer] will have a light shining for him, for every letter of the Qur’an, so that he can see the pilgrims circumambulating around the House, and one of the gates of the Garden of Paradise will be opened up for him. At that point he will say: “My Lord, let the Final Hour begin! My Lord, let the Final Hour begin!”—because of all the reward and honour he can see. (note: we have mentioned only 3 of the rewards for this prayer from the lengthy narration)

Source for both the above prayers: —Al-Jilani, A. (1997). Concerning the preference accorded to keeping fast on the Day of ‘Arafa, traditional reports regarding the ritual prayers to be performed thereon, and the kinds of invocations prescribed for it. In: Holland, M (Trans.) Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq (Volume Four). Florida: Al-Baz Publishing, Inc. pg 222-224.

Addendum: Regarding Virtuous Deeds

Imam al-Nawawi states in his al-Adhkar:

And he whom anything from the virtues of deeds reaches him should perform them, even though only once (in his lifetime) and even if the narration is weak.

In a narration recorded by Al-Hafiz Abu Musa Muhammad b. Bakr b. ‘Isa al-Madani in his book al-Waza’if, on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah:

Whoever, a deed of virtue reaches him from Allah and he acts upon it out of faith and hope in reward, Allah will bestow that upon him, even though it was not like what he thought!

And Allah is the Guide!

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