Du’a Akhir Al-Sana – Akhir Dhu-l Hijjah

It is from the practice of the pious [sâlihîn] to recite the following supplication [du’â] three (3) times after the mid-afternoon prayers [salâtu-l ‘asr] on the last day of Dhu-l Hijjah which is the last day of the Islamic Year.

Amongst others, this supplication can be found in:

  • kanzu-n najahi wa-s surur
    by: Al-‘Allamah Al-Shaikh ‘Abdul Hamid b. Muhammad ‘Ali Quds
  • al-munjiyat
    by: Shaikh Dr. Thaika Shu’aib al-Kirkari al-Siddiqi

Some saints [awliyâ] have said that reciting this supplication will result in Allah, Most High, forgiving the reciter of all the sins committed in the past year. Satan (Allah’s curse be upon him) will be grieved beyond words when he hears this supplication as all his arduous efforts to misguide the recitor throughout the year, would have come to nought in a moment.

And Allah and His Messenger know best!

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْم

وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، اَللَّهُمَّ مَا عَمِلْتُ فِي هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ مِمَّا نَهَيْتَنِيْ عَنْهُ فَلَمْ أَتُبْ مِنْهُ ، وَلَمْ تَرْضَهُ ، وَلَمْ تَنْسَهُ وَحَلُمْتَ عَلَيَّ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِكَ عَلَى عُقُوْبَتِيْ ، وَدَعَوْتَنِي إِلَى التَّوْبَةِ بَعْدَ جُرْأَتِيْ عَلَى مَعْصِيَتِكَ ، فَإِنِّيْ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ فَاغْفِرْلِيْ وَمَا عَمِلْتُ فِيْهَا مِمَّا تَرْضَاهُ وَوَعَدْتَّنِيْ عَلَيْهِ الثَّوَابَ فَأَسْئَلُكَ اللَّهُمَّ يَا كَرِيْمُ يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَاْلإِكْرَامِ ، أَنْ تَتَقَبَّلَهُ مِنِّيْ وَلاَ تَقْطَعْ رَجَائِيْ مِنْكَ يَا كَرِيْمُ ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ اْلأُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

Bismi Llâhi-r raḥmâni-r raḥîm, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadin wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam, Allâhumma mâ ‘amiltu fî hâdhihi-s sanati mimmâ nahaitanî ‘anhu falam atub minhu, wa lam tarḍahu, wa lam tansahu wa ḥalumta ‘alayya ba’da qudratika ‘alâ ‘uqûbatî, wa da’awtanî ilâ-t tawbati ba’da jur-atî ‘alâ ma’ṣiyatik, fa-innî astaghfiru-ka fa-ghfirlî wa mâ ‘amiltu fîhâ mimmâ tarḍâhu wa-wa’adtanî ‘alaihi-th thawâba fa-as-aluka Llâhumma yâ karîmu ya dha-l jalâli wa-l ikrâmi, an tataqabbalahu minni wa la taqṭa’ rajâ’î minka yâ karîm, wa ṣalla Llâhu ‘alâ sayyidinâ Muḥammadini-n nabiyyi-l ummiyyi wa ‘alâ âlihi wa ṣaḥbihi wa sallam.

In the name of Allah, the Universally Merciful, the Singularly Compassionate. And blessings and peace be upon our liege-lord Muhammad, his family and companions. O Allah, I seek Thy pardon for all my actions of the past year – done knowingly, unknowingly, or forgetfully – which were forbidden and disapproved by Thou and did not attain Thy pleasure. And I beseech Thee to accept all my works that have brought me Thy favour and proximity to Thee. My reliance and hope is in Thee, O Most Generous, O possessor of Supreme Majesty and Unrivalled Generosity. And blessings and peace be upon the unlettered Prophet, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.

A Longer Du’a Akhir Al-Sana

This is another, longer du’a for the end of the year from the Office of the Mufti, Singapore:

Success and guidance is from Allah. There is no power or might, except Allah.

Salat al-Shafi’i

Sepulcher of Imam al-Shafi'i

Sepulcher of Imam al-Shafi’i

Ibn Bunan al-Asfahani (رضي الله عنه) says: “I once saw the Prophet (ﷺ) in a dream and asked, “O Prophet of Allah, have you given any special honor to Muhammad b. Idris al-Shafi’i?”

The Prophet (ﷺ) replied: “Yes, I have asked Allah (ﷻ) to excuse him from reckoning on the Day of Judgement.”

I asked: “What was the reason for this?”

The Prophet (ﷺ) replied: “He recited a unique salat upon me.”

I asked: “What salat did he recite?”

The Prophet (ﷺ) answered: “He would say:

اللهم صلِّ على نبيِّنا مُحَمَّدٍ كلَّما ذَكَرَهُ الذَّاكِرُونَ وغَفَل عن ذِكْرِهِ الغافِلُونَ

Allahumma salli ‘ala Nabiyyina Muhammadin kullama dhakarahu al-dhakiruna wa ghafala an dhikrih al-ghafilun

O Allah, bless our Prophet Muhammad whenever he is remembered and whenever he is not remembered.”

In another account, Allama al-Sakhawi (رضي الله عنه) has written that Abdullah b. Abul Hakam saw Imam al-Shafi’i (رضي الله عنه) in a dream after his death and asked about how Allah Most High dealt with him. Imam al-Shafi’i (رضي الله عنه) told him that because of the continuous recitation of the above salutation, Allah (ﷻ) forgave him and ennobled him with an exalted position in the Highest Paradise. Imam Muthni (رضي الله عنه) has also narrates the same story.

This salutation is also known as durud al-Shafi’i. Imam al-Shafi’i (رضي الله عنه) received glad tidings of eternal salvation due to its regular recitation. It is a salutation of great significance and brings prosperity, health, happiness and success in this and the next world to the one who recites it regularly.

Allah Most High and His Beloved Messenger know best.

Optional Worship for Dhu-l Hijja

Allah Most High has revealed:

“The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)—so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein,”—al-Qu’ran 9:36

Allah Most High has sworn:

“By the dawn, and the ten nights”—al-Qu’ran 89:1-2

(Many commentators of the Qur’an have concluded that the “ten nights” mentioned this ayat refer to the first ten nights of Dhu-l Hijja)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu-l Qa’da, Dhu-l Hijja and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’ban.”—related by Abu Bakra and found in Bukhari

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has also said:

“The Chieftain of all months is the month of Ramadan and the mightiest of them in sanctity is Dhu-l Hijja.”

and:

“Of all the days of this world, the most excellent are the Ten Days of Dhu-l Hijja.”

In addition to establishing the sanctity of Dhu-l Hijja, there are Prophetic narrations that mention the virtues of specific days and nights therein and special acts of optional worship for them. Hajja Durriya mentions these in her work: al-Fawa’id al-Ilahiyya al-Warida ‘an khair al-Bariyya (كتاب الفوائد الإلهية الواردة عن خير البرية). Rizwana Sayed has translated them in her beautiful work: “The Sacred Months – Prayer & Worship for the Special Months”.

May Allah Most High bestow tawfiq to honour these special nights and days and accrue the resultant benefits.

1st Day of Dhu-l Hijja

It has been related that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ wed Lady Fatima to Imam ‘Ali on the first day of Dhu-l Hijja. The Prophet ﷺ said to Lady Fatima: “O Fatima, pray 4-rakats, in each rakat recite al-Fatiha once and Sura al-Ikhlas fifty times. Upon completion, say: ‘Transcendent is the One of Supreme and Sublime Honour. Transcendent is the One of Superior and Exalted Majesty. Transcendent is the Owner of the the pre-eternal Magnificent Kingdom. Transcendent is the One Who sees the tracks of the ants in rows. Transcendent is the One Who sees the location of the birds. Transcendent is the One Who is like this, and there is none other like Him!‘”

9th Day of Dhu-l Hijja (Day of Arafa)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“There is no day more excellent than the Day of Arafa, on which Allah Most High invites the inhabitants of the heaven to vie in glory with the people of the earth, saying: ‘Look at my servants! See how they come to Me, dishevelled and covered with dust, from every deep ravine. They are hoping for My mercy and are afraid of incurring My chastisement, for no day ever witnessed more emancipation from the Inferno than the Day of Arafa‘”

» Fasting the Day of Arafa

Details to follow.

» The 4-Rakat Prayer

Details to follow.

» The 2-Rakat Prayer

Details to follow.

The 10 Nights of Dhu-l Hijja

If a worshipper prays during any night of the Ten Nights, performing 4-rakats of ritual prayer in the last third of the night, and includes the following recitations (in each rakat):

  • al-Fatiha once,
  • ayat al-Kursi thrice,
  • sura al-Ikhlas thrice, and
  • the 2 refuge-seeking surahs (i.e. sura al-Falaq and sura al-Nass) once each,

and upon completion raises his hands in entreaty and says: “Transcendent is the Owner of the Might and the Dominion. Transcendent is the Owner of the Power and the Kingdom. Transcendent is the Ever-Living Who never dies. There is no God but He, the One Who brings to life and Who causes death, while He is Ever-Living and never dies. Transcendent is Allah, the Lord of men and all the lands. Praise be to Allah, an abundant, fine and blessed praise, under all circumstance. Allah is Supremely Great, immensely so. Our Lord, splendid is His Majesty and His Power is in every place.”

And if he then pleads for whatever he wishes, he will be entitled to the same reward as someone who performs the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah, visits the resting place of the Prophet ﷺ and strives in the cause of Allah. Whatever he asks of Allah, He will surely grant him his request.

If he perform this ritual prayer every night during the Ten Nights, Allah Most High will grant him lawful access to the Highest Paradise [al-firdaws al-a’la], and He will erase every bad deed from his record, and will be told: “Now set about your work from a new beginning.

If it happens to be the Day of Arafa. and he devotes the daytime to fasting and the night to ritual prayer, and he recites this invocation, and he offers many a humble entreaty in the presence of Allah Most High, Allah will say: “O My angels, bear witness that I have granted him forgiveness, and that I have equated him with the pilgrim to the House of Allah.” The angels will be delighted to learn what Allah Most High has bestowed upon that believing servant, as a reward for the above ritual prayer and invocation.

And Allah and His Messenger know best.

Bai’a Notes

The Oath of Allegiance in the ‘Arusi-Qadiri Way

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُبَايِعُونَكَ إِنَّمَا يُبَايِعُونَ اللَّهَ يَدُ اللَّهِ فَوْقَ أَيْدِيهِمْ ۚ فَمَن نَّكَثَ فَإِنَّمَا يَنكُثُ عَلَىٰ نَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَنْ أَوْفَىٰ بِمَا عَاهَدَ عَلَيْهُ اللَّهَ فَسَيُؤْتِيهِ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا – 48:10

“Verily those who swear allegiance unto you (Muhammad), swear allegiance only unto Allah: the Hand of Allah is over their hands: so whosoever violates his oath, does so to the harm of his own soul, while whosoever fulfills his covenant with Allah, on him will He bestow immense reward.” (48:10)

In the spiritual dimension of Islam, the Bai’a (oath of allegiance) is a solemn pact between a Murshid (spiritual guide) and a Murid (spiritual seeker) in which the former or his appointed Khalifa (deputy) takes the latter under his spiritual wings in order to help him or her traverse the Tariqa (spiritual path) to become a Murad (lovingly sought by Allah ﷻ). It is related in a Hadith Qudsi:

حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، سَمِعْتُ أَبَا صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَنَا عِنْدَ ظَنِّ عَبْدِي بِي، وَأَنَا مَعَهُ إِذَا ذَكَرَنِي، فَإِنْ ذَكَرَنِي فِي نَفْسِهِ ذَكَرْتُهُ فِي نَفْسِي، وَإِنْ ذَكَرَنِي فِي مَلأٍ ذَكَرْتُهُ فِي مَلأٍ خَيْرٍ مِنْهُمْ، وَإِنْ تَقَرَّبَ إِلَىَّ بِشِبْرٍ تَقَرَّبْتُ إِلَيْهِ ذِرَاعًا، وَإِنْ تَقَرَّبَ إِلَىَّ ذِرَاعًا تَقَرَّبْتُ إِلَيْهِ بَاعًا، وَإِنْ أَتَانِي يَمْشِي أَتَيْتُهُ هَرْوَلَةً ‏”‏‏.‏ [البخاري ٧٤٠٥]

Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said that Allah said: “I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with him when he makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than it. And if he draws near to Me an arm’s length, I draw near to him a fathom’s length; and if he draws near to Me a fathom’s length, I draw near to him two fathom’s length; and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed.[1]

This mutual relationship is established and governed by binding principles and is not broken unless the Murid leaves the fold of the ahl al-Sunna wa l-Jama’a (people of the Prophetic way and community). Ali Miyan Syed Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadvi has written the following about covenants and oaths of allegiance administered by Sufi spiritual guides:

أن الشيخ عبد القادر الجيلاني فتح باب البيعة والتوبة على مصراعيه، يدخل فيه المسلمون من كل ناحية من نواحي العالم الإسلامي، يجددون العهد والميثاق مع الله، ويعاهدون على ألاَّ يشركوا ولا يكفروا، ولا يفسقوا، ولا يبتدعوا، ولا يظلموا، ولا يستحلوا ما حرم الله، ولا يتركوا ما فرض الله، ولا يتفانوا في الدنيا، ولا يتناسوا الآخرة. وقد دخل في هذا الباب – وقد فتحه الله على يد الشيخ عبد القادر الجيلاني – خلق لا يحصيهم إلا الله، وصلحت أحوالهم، وحسن إسلامهم، وظل الشيخ يربيهم ويحاسبهم، ويشرف عليهم، وعلى تقدمهم، فأصبح هؤلاء التلاميذ الروحيون يشعرون بالمسؤولية بعد البيعة والتوبة وتجديد الإيمان) [أبو الحسن علي الندوي”رجال الفكر والدعوة في الإسلام” ص ٢٤٨]

Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani made wide open the door of covenants and repentance. Muslims from all corners of the Islamic world were coming to renew their covenant with Allah and pledge to not fall into disbelief, criminality, innovation, oppression, or to declare licit what Allah has forbidden, leave off what Allah has ordered, and they pledged that they would not become engrossed in the life of this world and make themselves forget the Hereafter. Many people, whom only Allah can enumerate, entered through this door that Allah opened at the hands of Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, and their spiritual states were rectified and their Islam was made good. The Shaikh continued training them, taking them to account and looking after them and their progress. These students of his became accomplished spiritualists who felt deep responsibility after their covenant, repentance, and renewal of faith.[2]

Shaikhuna Dr Thaika Shuaib says that by taking Baiʿa, one fulfils Koranic injunctions, operationalises Prophetic example and follows the way of his inheritors. It is a means to  Tazkiya (purification of the soul), Ihsan (excellence in worship) and Ma’rifa (realisation of Allah)—the ultimate goal.

He further states that when a Murid puts his hand in the hand of the Shaikh or one of his Khalifas, he (i.e. the Murid) ultimately pledges allegiance to Allah ﷻ, the Prophet ﷺ, Muhyuddin ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (radiya Llahu anhu), and his spiritual ascendants and descendants (radiya Llahu anhum) in our Silsila (chain of transmission).

Conditions of Bai’a

As for the conditions of the Bai’a administered by the ‘Arusi-Qadiri spiritual guides, Shaikhuna Dr Thaika Shuaib lists the following six:

  1. Desist from Sinning and Repent Promptly
    The sincere Murid must be conscious of every thought that occurs in his mind, every word that is spoken from his mouth and every action that is committed by his limbs. No sin is too small. When a sin is committed, one immediately repents to Allah ﷻ and seeks His pardon. In this age, one should be extremely vigilant against sins of the eyes i.e. looking at non-mahram women, be it live or in the media (television, movies, social media and internet). Failure to take heed in this matter will mean being unable to see in dreams the blessed face of Sayyiduna al-Shaikh Muhyuddin ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (radiya Llahu anhu), the beautiful countenance of our Holy Prophet ﷺ, and even Allah ﷻ.
  1. Implement Shari’a (sacred law) and Tariqa (spiritual path) together
    No individual is above the Sharia and the Tariqa is not a cult. The Holy Prophet ﷺ—who is the greatest Shaikh and the highest Sufi—has set the perfect example of combining Shariʿa and Tariqa till his last breadth on earth. They are both like two wings with which the spiritual seekers can reach their Goal—Allah ﷻ. To use another analogy, Tariqa is like a sheltered kernel while Shariʿa is like a shell that keeps it safe and sound. There is no room for a “either-or” discussion. Perhaps the best summation was by Imam Malik b. Anas (radiya Llahu anhu) who said: “Whoever studies fiqh and didn’t study tasawwuf will be corrupted; and whoever studied tasawwuf and didn’t study fiqh will become a heretic; and whoever combined both will be reach the Truth.”
  1. Perform the Wird (litany) and establish the Ratib
    The daily recital of the Wird is the key to maintaining the rabita or “spiritual connection” with the Shaikh and consequently the Tariqa. The daily private litany of the order comprises of 3 recitals that must be recited the stipulated minimum number of times every waking day. As for the Ratib Jalaliyya, it contains the Sirr or “secret” of the ‘Arusi-Qadiri Tariqa and must be established to attain success in one’s Suluk or “spiritual wayfaring”.
  1. Make a small monetary contribution to your local Ratib Majlis for joining the Tariqa
    Begin your spiritual journey with an act of sadaqa or hadya to the local Ratib Majlis convenor. This is so that you may be written down in the Record Books as one who contributed to a Majlis al-Dhikr (gathering of remembrance).
  1. Periodically contribute Tabarruk to your local Ratib Majlis
    Whenever feasible, send whatever food and drinks you can afford to the local Ratib Majlis. Feeding people is an integral part of tasawwuf culture. A pack of biscuits, if that is all you can afford, suffices. In this, it is not the quantity or quality, but the sincerity that matters.
  1. Attend your local Ratib Majlis
    In addition to making an initial monetary and periodic Tabarruk contributions, attending your local Ratib Majlis weekly, bi-weekly or monthly is essential. Suhba (companionship) is a hallmark of the tasawwuf culture and the Ratib Majlis offers this, amongst other benefits.

Taking Bai’a

Those who wish to take Bai’a may contact Shaikh Dr Thaika Shuaib’s deputy for Singapore and Malaysia, Khalifa Mohamed Idris, via email at: khalifa [at] taqwa.sg

Success is from Allah ﷻ and He is the Guide.

Notes

[1] Sahih al-Bukhari 7405 (Book 97, Hadith 34).

[2] Abd al-Qadir, I. and Abdul Aziz, S (translator). (2009). Realities of Sufism [haqa’iq ‘an al-tasawwuf]. Netherlands: Sunni Publications, p.70.

Optional Worship for Dhu-l Qa’da

Allah Most High has revealed:

“The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)—so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein,”—al-Qu’ran 9:36

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu-l Qa’da, Dhu-l Hijja and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’ban.”—related by Abu Bakra and found in Bukhari

In addition to establishing the sanctity of Dhu-l Qa’da, there are Prophetic narrations that mention the virtues of specific days and nights therein and special acts of optional worship for them. Hajja Durriya mentions these in her work: al-Fawa’id al-Ilahiyya al-Warida ‘an khair al-Bariyya (كتاب الفوائد الإلهية الواردة عن خير البرية). Rizwana Sayed has translated them in her beautiful work: “The Sacred Months – Prayer & Worship for the Special Months”.

May Allah Most High bestow tawfiq to honour these special nights and days and accrue the resultant benefits.

1st Day of Dhu-l Qa’da

It has been related that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came out on the first day of Dhu-l Qa’da and said: “O people! Who among you desires forgiveness?”

We replied: “We desire forgiveness, O Messenger of Allah!”

Then he ﷺ said: “Take a bath, perform ablution and perform four cycles of prayer [rak’at]. In each cycle, recite:

  • al-Fatiha once,
  • qul huwa Llahu ahad thrice, and
  • the 2 refuge-seeking surahs (i.e. surah al-Falaq and surah al-Nass) once each.

Then recite:

  • astaghfiru Llah 70 times,
  • la hawla wa la quwwata illa bi Llah al-Aliyy al-Azim (once), and
  • ya ‘Aziz, ya Ghaffar, ighfir li dhunubi wa dhunuba jami’ al-mu’minin wa-l mi’minat, fa innahu la yaghfir al-dhunub illa Anta! (once).”

Then the Prophet ﷺ said: “Jibril (peace be upon him) taught me these words on the night he traveled with me to the heavens. He said: ‘Not only will a servant from your community perform this, but a herald will call out to him from the heavens: “O servant of Allah, your actions have been renewed; your repentance has been accepted; and your sins forgiven,” and he mentioned endless virtues.'”

15th Night of Dhu-l Qa’da

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ related:

“There is a blessed night in Dhu-l Qa’da, it is the 15th night, when Allah looks upon His believing servants with mercy, and the reward for the one who performs acts in obedience to Allah is the reward of one hundred fasting people who have never disobeyed Allah. So, when it is the middle of the night, perform acts in obedience to Allah, pray, and seek Allah for the fulfillment of your needs, for there is no one who seeks from Allah on this night except that Allah fulfills his request.”

25th Day of Dhu-l Qa’da

It has also been related:

“The 25th day of Dhu-l Qa’da is a noble day and the virtues are immense therein. Mercy descends on this night and the earth is spread out under the Ka’ba. It is recommended to fast on this day. One who fasts on this day and stands in prayer throughout its night, receives the reward of one hundred years of worship. For he who fasts throughout the day, stands in prayer throughout the night, or attends any gathering convened on this day in remembrance of their Lord, they will not depart until Allah has fulfilled their requests. On this day, a million mercies descend.”

And Allah and His Messenger know best.